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Exam 10, 11

by: Casey Notetaker

Exam 10, 11 SPN 120

Casey Notetaker
GPA 3.25

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About this Document

Prepare for Tuesday's exam with this handy study guide.
Fundamentals of Spanish
David Munoz
Study Guide
Preterite review, imperfect tense! Por and para distinction, Adverbs, and more!, Preterite, Imperfect, para, por, computers
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Casey Notetaker on Monday March 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SPN 120 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by David Munoz in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see Fundamentals of Spanish in Spanish at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.


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Date Created: 03/28/16
Examen 10, 11   Review preterite   Tener​: tuve, tuviste, ío, tuvimos, tuvisteis, tuvieron  Morir​: morí, moriste,u​río, morimos, moristeis,urieron  Haber​: hube, hubiste, hubo, hubimos, hubisteis, hubieron  Preterite vs. Imperfect  Imperfect is used  ● To describe an ongoing past action  ● To express habitual past actions or incomplete actions  ● To describe physical and emotional states in the past   ● Telling time (or age) in the past    Ayer Clara fue (preterite) a casa de sus primsaludó​ (preterite) a su tcomió​ con ellos.  Mientras Carlosleía (imperfect) las traducciones, Blantraducía (imperfect) otros textos.  La niña tení (imperfect) ocho años  era (imperfect) inteligente y alegre.    Preterite (or “perfect tense”) is used for concrete past actions, to narrate a series of past actions or  events, and to express the beginning or the end of a past action.     Like present progressive tense, there is a past progressive tense which uses estar in imperfect.     I am eating tomatoes.   Estoy comiendo tomates.  VS.   I was eating tomatoes.  Estaba ​comiendo tomates.   *** Notice only the tense of estar has changed. “Comiendo” remains the same.   Another example is “Estoy estudiando para mi examen,” (I am studying for my exam) but if you were  talking about the past, you might say “Estaba estudiando para mi examen” (I was studying for my  exam).      Imperfect has three irregular verbs… only three! IR, SER, and VER  Yo iba  Nosotros ibamos  Tu ibas  Vosotros ibais  El/Ella/Ud. iba  Ellos/Ellas/Uds. iban      Yo era  Nosotros eramos  Tu eras  Vosotros erais  El/Ella/Ud. era  Ellos/Ellas/Uds. eran      Yo veÍa  Nosotros veÍamos  Tu veÍas  Vosotros veÍais  El/Ella/Ud. veÍa  Ellos/Ellas/Uds. veÍan    Otherwise, all verbs follow the same AR or IR/ER pattern.   AR verbs  ­aba  ­abamos  ­abas  ­abais  ­aba  ­aban    ER/IR verbs  ­Ía  ­Íamos  ­Ías  ­Íais  ­Ía  ­Ían    Me dolÍan los pies. ​ My feet were hurting.   HabÍan un médico. ​ There was a doctor.   Cuando tenÍa 5 años me gustaba pizza.  ​ When I was 5 years old I liked pizza.    Using both preterite and imperfect………………..  Ayer temprano por la mañana hubo un trágico accidente en el centro de Lima, cuando un autobús  chocó con un carro.   La mujer que manejaba el carro murió al instante.   Los paramédicos llevaron al conductor del autobús al hospital porque tenía varias fracturas.   Su estado de salud es todavía muy grave.   El conductor del autobús dijo que no vio el carro hasta el último momento porque había mucha  niebla y llovía.     Vocabulary  These chapters the vocabulary focuses on adverb use (­mente), cars, technology and health.   Double­check you’re comfortable with labeling a figure of a body (arm, leg, nose, mouth, ear, et  cetera)   Also familiarize yourself with verbs used in a doctor’s office (to get sick, to hurt, to prescribe, to  be allergic, to cough, to sprain)  Finally, know “las partes del carro” (breaks, tires, motor) and the vocabulary related to  computers like homepage, internet, screen, files, and to print.       Adverbs​  describe how an action is done (the how, when and where). Examples are bien, muy,  mal, siempre, and nunca.    You can form adverbs from adjectives by simply adding ­mente to the feminine form.   Lento…..lentamente  Feliz…...felizmente  Fabuloso….fabulosamente  Gordo….gordamente Aha! Trick.​  This is not a word.    Other adverbs have to do with time  ● A menudo (often)  ● A tiempo (on time)  ● A veces (sometimes)  ● Muchas veces (a lot; many times)  ● Pronto (soon)    Culture   Fácil! Read pages 288 and 289 about cyber cafes.   1. They are much more popular in South America than in the U.S.  2. They sometimes specialize in things like videogames  3. STudents can go to los cibercafes and do homework     Por y para  Por and para both mean “for” in English but they ar​ot interchangeable.     Uses for por  Object of a search  Exchange or substitution  Duration of an action  General location  Unit of measure  Uses for para  Purpose   Used with an infinitive   Employment  Deadline or specific time in the future  Destination    1. Camino por la playa.  2. Camino para la playa.  The first sentence is talking about the beach as a ​ general location​. “I walk by the beach”  The second one, however, is talking about the beach as a ​ destination​ “I walk towards  the beach”  *** Por/para can mean so much more than “for” making this a difficult concept to grasp       


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