MGMT 402 IP4
MGMT 402 IP4
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MAJOR LABOR LAWS Major Labor Laws Juanna Stafford American InterContinental University MGMT402 Individual Project Unit 4 2 MAJOR LABOR LAWS Abstract This paper describes provisions of major labor laws and their impact on the organizations and union management relationship. The major that have been discussed are The Railway Labor Act, The NorrisLa Guardia Act, The Wagner Act, The TaftHartley Act and The LandrumGriffin Act. The Unions Labors in the U.S. have been long struggled for gaining the strength as well as recognition. Many business managers have been viewed the unions as threat. After all, the major aim of the unions has to pressure the employers for raising the wages as well as improve the working conditions. 3 MAJOR LABOR LAWS The labor unions have been existed even in early days of United States republic. Such early unions had been the local crafted unions, consisting of just some members, who had been worked in similar crafted or skilled occupations. A way unions have been negotiated employment contract has known as the collective bargaining. In the collective bargaining, unions represent their members in the negotiations than having every worker individually negotiate with employer. Before Civil War, the unions were local, small as well as poorly organized. They had big trouble while persuading the employers for negotiating with the union representatives. Besides, the employers mostly directly dealt with every employee. Railway Labor Act The Railway Labor Act (RLA) was enacted in 1926 with support of the Labor and Management railway industry. In 1934 the Railway Labor Act (RLA) was extended into the U.S. airline industry. The Railway Labor Act (RLA) guaranteed the rights of workers to be able to organize, join unions, and elect representatives with no coercion from the employer. The purpose of the Railway Labor Act (RLA) was to avoid potential interruption in commerce as well as assist in the orderly settlement of disputes by taking care of the rates of the pay, work conditions, and work rules. This mandatory procedure provides resolution procedures which include the strike over the union representation, along with grievance disputes. It also postpones the abilities of parties for taking actions in bargaining the disputes until they’ve completed the time consuming process which involves the negotiations and 4 MAJOR LABOR LAWS mediations by the NMB (National Mediation Board), and review by the PEB (Presidential Emergency Board) (United States Department of TransportationFederal Railroad Administration). The NorrisLa Guardia Act In 1932, the United States federal law, Norris–La Guardia Act, also known as the AntiInjunction Bill, banned yellowdog contracts and barred federal courts from issuing injunctions against nonviolent labor disputes. This also created a positive right of non interference against the workers joining unions by the employers. The Norris–La Guardia Act stated that a yellow dog contract was unenforceable in a federal court. A yellow dog contract states that one condition of employment is that the employee wouldn’t join a labor union. Workers were fired if they didn’t join a union after signing the contract. During the Great Depression, when the public’s opinion began to shift against employers who tried to keep workers from joining unions, is when the NorrisLa Guardia Act was passed (Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.) The Wagner Act The Wagner Act also known as National Labor’s Relation Act, provided workers the ability to form unions and bargain with the employers. It also was enacted in order to prevent employers from interfering with the autonomous organization of workers into unions. This Act has assisted in the balance of the powers within the labor and management. This Act defined the unfair labor practices by management and created the National Labor Relations Board to enforce the provisions of the Act. Under the Wagner Act, the NLRB has the 5 MAJOR LABOR LAWS authority to order elections where the workers are allowed to select which union they wanted to be represented in. The TaftHartley Act The TaftHartley Act had a major impact on the Wagner Act. Since 1947, the government policy changed under enactment of TaftHartley Act. For the 1 time in history , the economic activities were regulated under the TaftHartley Act. Also the use of secondary boycott and long organization protesting became regulated. The activities of the labor unions became limited as a result of the Act. TaftHartley Act deemed that some of the labor practices were unfair such as the closed shop and union shop which later became outlawed. As a bargaining agent, all the workers in the workplace should belong to a union in both shops. The company needed a sixty day notice before going on strike from the union. The LandrumGriffin Act Labor Management Reporting & Disclosure Act of the year 1959 mostly called as LandrumGriffin Act. It is an essential component of the federal Labor Laws. Act had been named after the sponsors. Provisions of the LandrumGriffin seeking for preventing the union’s corruption & for guaranteeing the union members that the unions can be democratically run. Such law sought for reduce the corruption & for improving the democratic procedure in the unions. This Act guaranteed the workers a right for participating in the affairs the union & to electing the officers. Embezzlement of the union funds had been made federal offense. LandrumGriffin Act gives tools for the union democracy but this also gives greater governmental control over the union affairs. 6 MAJOR LABOR LAWS Title II, deals with management as well as reporting of the union finances, a specific area of the concern for the Congress in wake of the misappropriation of fund Teamsters of the Union. This act needs the unions for having constitution & by the laws and for filing the copies of the both with United States secretary of the labor. This act has the provisions which apply if labor organization suspends autonomy of the union local as well as places local or the other units under trusteeship. Such provision addresses concern which corrupt the national union’s leaders can takeover control of the union locals for maintaining the power. LandrumGriffin addresses personal responsibility as well as integrity of the union’s officers & representatives. Conclusion The Unions Labors in the U.S. have been long struggled for gaining the strength as well as recognitions. Most of the business managers have been viewed the unions as threat. Major goals of the unions have to pressure the employers for raising the wages & improving the working conditions. These demands, if granted, have been added to the costs of the employers. From point of the view of several workers, though, the unions have necessity, particularly in the workplaces when the wages have been less & the working conditions have been poor. References (1) Highlights of the Railway Labor Act. (n.d.). Retrieved from Unied States Department of 7 MAJOR LABOR LAWS TransportationFederal Railroad Administration website: http://www.fra.dot.gov/eLib/Details/ L03014 (2) Norris–La Guardia Act. (n.d.). Retrieved from Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. website: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/418466/NorrisLaGuardiaAct (3) FDR and the Wagner Act. (n.d.). Retrieved from Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum website: http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/aboutfdr/wagneract.html Kirkendall, R. S. (1968). The New Deal as Watershed: The Recent Literature. Journal of American History Vol. 54 , 839 to 852. 8 MAJOR LABOR LAWS Macaray, D. (2010). The TaftHartley Act Revisited. http://dissidentvoice.org/2010/07/the tafthartleyactrevisited/ .
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