PSY 300 Week 3 Individual Assignment Gardner Intelligence Paper
PSY 300 Week 3 Individual Assignment Gardner Intelligence Paper
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Date Created: 11/09/15
Garner Intelligence PSY300 Garner Intelligence Howard Garner’s book Frames of the Mind is a study of human intellectual potentials that draws from psychological research and the biological sciences. The book is about his discoveries on the development and use of knowledge of different cultures. Howard Garner is a psychologist who has studied the development of symbolic skills in normal and gifted children, and the impairment of such skills in braindamaged adults. His idea of multiple intelligences comes from this research. The eight intelligences are categorized as Linguistic, Musical, Logical Mathematical, Naturalist, Spatial, Bodilykinesthetic, Intrapersonal and Interpersonal. Garner developed these intelligences after deciding that most IQ tests were too vague and did not clearly measure intelligence properly (Garner, 1983). Biology The genetic code or DNA has fascinated many psychologists since it was discovered. The mystery is can intelligence be inherited through DNA and if so just how much of it a parent passes down to a child is still being discovered. “Because of the huge numbers of genes contribute by each parent and the innumerable ways, in which they can be combined, we need not worry that any two individuals will unduly resemble one another or that any two individuals will exhibit identical profiles “(Garner, 1983 p. 33). Although genetics are limited, looking at neurophysiology and neuropsychology seem to be giving more answers on intelligence. Neural connections that are effected are because of a high degree of biochemical control (Garner, 1983, p. 3637). Chemical imbalance account for many disorders that can affect intelligence. Brain Organization The relationship between intellect and the brain has been studied my many scientists and there are several scientific views about the general organization of the brain. The brain has been regarded as a general informationprocessing mechanism where functions can be performed and skills represent any section of the nervous system. The brain can be divided into specific regions; each region seems to control different functions or characteristics. The main idea is that each intellectual mechanism works under its own steam. Through evolution many systems work together in the execution of complex behavior (Garner, 1983, p. 56). Intelligence “Intelligence as a measurable capacity must at the start be defined as the capacity to do well in an intelligence test. Intelligence is what the tests test. Although a topic of much research and controversy, the degree to which genetic and environmental factors contribute to intelligence remains uncertain. Many reasons are responsible for this uncertainty, including the statistical techniques and subject samples used” (Intelligence, 2006). “Intelligence is the ability to implement goaldirected adaptive behavior” (Intelligence in Humans, 2004). Gardner proposed that there is no single, unified intelligence but rather a set of relatively distinct, independent, and modular multiple intelligences. “Intelligence is multifaceted; that is, aspects of it can be expressed in many domains. Most readers are familiar with people who excel in academic and social tasks as well as being equally adept at changing spark plugs and concocting an exquisite meal. Yet other people excel in one realm while amazing those around them with their utter incompetence in other domains, such as their apparent lack of practical intelligence” (Kowalski &Westen, 2009, p. 263). Linguistic Intelligence I identify very strongly with this particular intelligence because I have been told I have the gift of gab and most of my career has been in customer service. Linguistic intelligence and logicalmathematical intelligence are usually the most valued in schools. Linguistic intelligence involves sensitivity to spoken and written language, also the ability to use language to accomplish certain goals. Originally I had thought to have a career in teaching as I sensed an ability to communicate with younger people. I have determined my linguistic skills would be of greater use in psychology and still be able to help young people. Linguistic intelligent people also include poets and writers because it includes a mastery of language. I also love to write poems and read different types of books my mind feels like a sponge that absorbs the written word then I sometimes find I need to write down what I am either feeling or experiencing at a particular time in my life (Garner, 1983, p. 7787). LogicalMathematical Intelligence The ability to analyze problems logically has always come easily as well. The use of reasoning to solve most types of problems in life is common sense. Many people just do not have common sense however; it is definitely something that can be learned over time. I lean more toward logics than mathematics that I believe encompasses a different point of view on the world around me. The organization of numerical abilities in the brain shows sometimes there are individuals who lose the ability to calculate while remaining linguistically intact. Many people can make change, play games requiring calculations and even manage their finances but mathematics eludes them (Garner, 1983, p. 150156). Interpersonal Intelligence People who have the capacity to understand the intentions, motivations, and desires of other people are considered to have interpersonal intelligence. They can work with others. Most people with interpersonal intelligence myself included are considered to be empathic. Being empathic lets a person identify and share other person’s emotions and understand what he or she may be feeling at a particular moment. When we have compassion, we attune to the needs and feelings of the person we want to help. When someone is feeling another person’s pain, they have the knowledge of their need and may respond to it appropriately. I firmly believe that people should not judge another unless they have been where they have been and even then do not judge unless you are ready to be judged as well. Conclusion Multiple intelligence theory shows a small set of human intellectual potentials where all individuals are capable by virtue of their own membership in the human species. Through heredity or early training constant interaction between these factors some individuals will develop certain intelligences far more than others. The intelligences interact with and build upon each other from the beginning of life. Howard Garner believed that at the core of each intelligence, there existed a computational capacity, or informationprocessing device that is unique to that particular intelligence (Garner, 1983, p. 278). Each person should use whichever intelligence is strongest to help in both his or hercareer and the rest of their lives. Not everyone can find their way to his or her strengths and because the field of psychology is a one that will help me to guide others I feel I have the intellectual tools necessary to do so. Because Garner’s theory was first proposed a large number of educational interventions have been based on it. References INTELLIGENCE. (2006). In Encyclopedia of Special Education: A Reference for the Education of the Handicapped and Other Exceptional Children and Adults. Retrieved October 21, 2010, from http://www.credoreference.com/entry/wileyse/intelligence Intelligence in Humans.(2004). In Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology. Retrieved October 21, 2010 from http://www.credoreference.com/entry/estappliedpsyc/intelligence_in_humans V. BROAD THEORIES OF INTELLIGENCE AND KINDS OF INTELLIGENCE. [serial online]. n.d.;Available from: XRefer XML, Ipswich, MA. Retrieved October 21, 2010. EBOOK COLLECTION: Kowalski, R. &Westen, D. (2009) . Psyc (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.Retrieved October 21, 2010. Garner, H. (1983). Frames of Mind.Retrieved October 21, 2010.
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