Answers to Exam 3
Answers to Exam 3 PHIL 101
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jasmine Taylor on Monday November 9, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PHIL 101 at Towson University taught by Karen Wilson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 150 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at Towson University.
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Date Created: 11/09/15
PHIL 101 001 003 011 Introduction to Philosophy Towson University Fall 2015 KA Wilson Test 3 Study Questions answers TrueFalse 5 2 pts ea 1 George Berkeley said that to exist is to be perceivable therefore the socalled material world does not exist in any meaningful sense True 2 DaVid Hume argues that we should be skeptical about most things but each of us can at least claim to possess a clear and distinct idea of his own self as a continuous consciousness False The underlined bit was the false part 3 Immanuel Kant s epistemology combined elements of both Rationalism and Empiricism True 4 GWF Hegel was a Romantic thinker who argued for the existence of Gd which he called World Spirit False The underlined bit was the false part 5 George Berkeley was a dualist False He was a monist instead believed in immaterialbut not material reality Multiple Choice 10 3 pts ea Answers are in bold 1 Epistemology is the branch of philosophy dealing with questions about a meaning being and existence b the extent and certainty of human knowledge c right and wrong and the ordering of human behavior 1 drawing valid inferences according to the rules governing human reasoning 2 Rationalism a is a type of epistemology which holds that reason rather than experience is the basis of the certainty of human knowledge b is a type of epistemology which holds that experience is the basis of all human knowledge c is a type of epistemology which holds that all ideas are innate d is a type of epistemology which holds that because our knowledge of the world is always indirect we can say nothing with certainty about things outside our minds 3 Empiricism a is a type of epistemology which holds that reason rather than experience is the basis of the certainty of human knowledge b is a type of epistemology which holds that experience is the basis of all human knowledge c is a type of epistemology which holds that all ideas are innate d is a type of epistemology which holds that because our knowledge of the world is always indirect we can say nothing with certainty about things outside our minds 4 John Locke a accepted innate ideas b argued that the human mind passively receives impressions from experience c was a skeptic who doubted we could know scientific laws d all of the above 5 Indirect realism a is the theory that only minds are real b is the theory that only matter is real c is the theory that our minds only know immaterial ideas of the material world d is the theory that our minds cannot form immaterial ideas of the material world 6 In his argument concerning innate ideas Locke said a many propositions are universally accepted as true but that doesn t make them innate b only mathematical truths could be innately known c only religious truths are innately known 1 there are no innate ideas 7 The bundle theory of the self is associated with which of the following thinkers a Locke c Hume b Kant d Berkeley 8 Sophie and Alberto s realization that they are ideas in the mind of Major Albert Knag parallels the philosophy of which thinker a Locke c Hume b Kant 1 Berkeley 9 Which of the following shared the belief that we could be confident that at least some aspects of our ideas about the material world actually resemble the material world a Locke and Berkeley b Descartes and Locke 0 Berkeley and Hume d Hume and Kant 10 Alberto claims that the last namable epoch in the history of ideas in the West was a the Renaissance b the Romantic period C the Enlightenment d the 20thCentury Short answer 5 2 pts ea Choose five and answer each in one or two complete sentences In cases where I have two bulleted answers either would be good I wouldn t need both 1 Name a feature that Kant s epistemology shares in common with Empiricism 0 Kant believed that all knowledge begins with experience 0 Kant did not believe in innate ideas 2 For Hegel what is World Spirit 0 World Spirit is the sum total of human thought and endeavor 0 World Spirit is the dialectically unfolding progression of human ideas 3 Distinguish between Universal and National Romanticism 0 Universal Romanticism emphasized nature and the world spirit tying humanity together while National Romanticism explored the spirit of a particular people through language and culture 4 What does indirect realism say is the reason we can t directly know the material world 0 Knowing and perceiving are activities of the mind Minds are incorporeal so mental activity must have incorporeal objects therefore we can t know physical trees but only our ideas of physical trees 5 Give an example of a primary quality and of a se condary quality What is the difference For John Locke primary qualities were things like length and weight the measurable qualities of physics while secondary qualities were more subjective things like color or taste He thought only our ideas of primary qualities were the ones that actually resembles the object What was Hegel s dialectic The dialectic is the process by which ideas emerge from other ideas as World Spirit unfolds or is revealedactualized in history In the dialectic a thesis is opposed by an antithesis and a synthesis new thesis arisesI should add that Hegel didn t use these terms but they are the common ones used to describe his thought 7 Kant did not believe that the human mind was a tabula rasa at birth What did he believe about the mind instead Kant believed that the mind was equipped with preinstalled programming that governs our interpretation of experience These things include our intuitions of time and space plus categories such as causality 8 Why didn t Hume think we could know the truth of scientific laws We can only know what we can experience and technically we don t experience a law only many instances of events that seem to follow a pattern If we knew for sure that the future would match the past we could draw a definite conclusion about scientific laws but no one experiences the future
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