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Date Created: 11/10/15
HCA 250 Axia College Material Appendix E Pain Matrix Sarafino 2006 noted that people are more likely to seek medical treatment without delay if they feel pain p 292 Pain is not pleasant but it is a necessary response for us to know when something is wrong allowing us to limit damage to our bodies There are many types and sources of pain It is a sense that we experience in varying degrees of intensity depending upon the individual Some individuals have a rare condition called congenital analgesia where they are unable to feel any type of pain Most of these people die young because without pain the seriousness of their lifethreatening injuries or illnesses go undetected eventually leading to death Kalb et al 2003 Directions Refer to Ch 11 of the text as you fill in the chart using your own words to describe different kinds of pain and their causes Origin of pain event physiological psychological or both Referred pain Pain which is present in an area Physiological Origin besides the direct origin of the pain is referred pain For example My father had a heart attack while the origin of the pain was the heart attack he experienced referred pain in his left arm Description of pain event Pain event Answer in 1 to 2 sentences Organic pain My youngest daughter suffered third Physiological Origin degrees burns on her hands as a very small child She had touched a gas stove which had been missing the seal around the oven door The heat wrapped around the door and she ultimately suffered horrible burns The pain caused from the event was organic pain due to injury resulting in tissue damage Pain disorder A person who experiences long Psychological Origin somatoform disorder term pain which cannot be explained by medical diagnosis or another psychiatric disorder is defined as somatoform disorder The example of somatoform disorder would be the individual who has complaints of chronic stomach pain which cannot be linked to a medically diagnosable condition HCA 250 Phantom limb pain Phantom limb pain is pain felt in a limb which has been amputated or has lack of nerve function This pain can be reminiscent of the pain which caused the amputation or nerve damage can be ovenNhelming for the sufferer and can persist for years after the initial injury Physiological and Psychological Origin Psychogenic pain Pain which is psychological in origin is psychogenic pain Psychogenic pain is seemingly imagined or does not have a medical origin Psychological Origin References Kalb C Springen K Raymond J amp UndenNood A 2003 May 15 Taking a New Look at Pain Newsweek Atlantic Edition 141 20 from EBSCOhost Sarafino E P 2006 Health psychology Biopsychosocial interactions 5th ed Hoboken NJ John Wiley amp Sons Inc HCA 250
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