New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

PSY 360 FINAL_Team C_Motion Paper


PSY 360 FINAL_Team C_Motion Paper fin571

Marketplace > Kaplan University > fin571 > PSY 360 FINAL_Team C_Motion Paper

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

PSY 360 FINAL_Team C_Motion Paper
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in

Popular in Department

This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Tuesday November 10, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to fin571 at Kaplan University taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views.


Reviews for PSY 360 FINAL_Team C_Motion Paper


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 11/10/15
Analysis of Emotions 1 Running head ANALYSIS OF EMOTIONS AS A MOTIVE Analysis of Emotions as a Motive University of Phoenix Introduction Some emotions don39t make a lot of noise It39s hard to hear pride Caring is real faint like a heartbeat And pure love why some days it39s so quiet you don39t even know it39s there Thinkexistcom nd In trying to explain emotions it can be difficult to put into words the characteristics of what leads to certain emotional responses In the analysis of the function of emotions as motives Team C will describe historical theories of emotion and arousal as they relate to human motivation Included will be a summary of research methods used for uncovering basic emotions Lastly the facial feedback hypothesis will be discussed particularly the eventappraisalemotion sequence Historical Theories of Emotion and Arousal Emotions can bring motivation and cause an individual to take action Deckers 2010 Arousal refers to the mobilization or activation of energy that occurs in preparation or during actual behavior Deckers 2010 There are different categories of arousal They are physiological arousal brain arousal and psychological arousal Being physiologically aroused refers to the bodily changes that take place while corresponding to our feelings For example someone that gets the cold sweats and a pounding heart when they sing in front of a group of people is experiencing physiological arousal The autonomic nervous system controls physiological arousal and is divided into two branches the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system Deckers 2010 The activations that take place in the brain such as sleeping and becoming awake are called brain arousal Deckers 2010 Different areas of the brain are aroused depending on what operations are being performed at the time Deckers 2010 Psychological arousal is an anticipation that one will feel such as energetic arousal and tense arousal Energetic arousal is the level of energy a person may feel under any situation For example someone preparing to go to on a trip to Paris may find they have more energy as they prepare because of the excitement Tense arousal can be on a level of being extremely calm to being extremely tense and anxious An example of high end tense arousal would be having an unannounced performance review at work JamesLange Theory According to the J amesLange Theory the interpretation of the interaction between arousal and affective experience shows that each emotional feeling accompanied by a unique pattern of physiological responses associated with it Deckers 2010 This theory proposes that a pattern can produce the same response This can result in an individual s behavior being affected depending on his or her level of arousal This shows that events can cause a high level of arousal such as fear or happiness According to the J amesLang Theory if physiological response patterns are similar then there would be no basis for feeling different emotional experiences Deckers 2010 The Cognitive Arousal Theory In the Cognitive Arousal Theory the quality of an emotional experience depends on the evaluation and subsequent meaning given to the emotioninducing event Deckers 2010 The intensity of the emotional experience an individual has depends on the degree of physiological arousal Deckers 2010 An individual that is singing in front of a group of people for the first time may experience such physiological arousal that his or her voice begins quivering they may forget the words and not be able to continue with the song This shows that a high level of arousal can impact performance Someone that has experience singing in front of a group of people may feel comfortable and sing the notes with ease Each person experiences different levels of arousal and can respond to the same environment differently Research Methods of Emotion Uncovering basic emotion can be done by understanding what emotions are exactly Emotions are what a person feels within a certain situation such as a person receiving a gift will feel happy or a person loses another person will feel sadness When a person thinks of emotions immediately the words happy sad angry scared surprised fear love and disgust will come to mind Though it has been found there are different degrees to each emotional category A person can be happy ecstatic or simply light hearted Such degrees were found through category analysis Category Analysis Category analysis takes the words most commonly used with emotion and looks at their meaning and how to classify them Enos 2001 No matter where a person was from and what cultural background they all organized the words of emotions fairly similar Further studies showed that people saw emotions as either positive or negative experiences Enos 2001 stated quotPositive emotions exhibit contrary tendencies toward activity and passivity excitement and calm Negative emotions exhibit competing tendencies toward attack and sufferingquot Understandably when a person was handed cards that had glad cheerful mad and hate they used what they knew of the words and placed the glad and cheerful cards under happy category being that they are positive feelings The cards with mad and hate would be placed under angry due to the negative feeling of those words Evolution Theory Another method to understanding basic emotions was the Evolution Theory The Evolution Theory states that a species survival was dependant on emotions Deckers 2005 The evolution theory shows that how a species emotion causes a behavior to happen in order to allow them to survive One such case is that quota predator evokes fear which in turn leads to escape by running awayquot stated Decker Another example would be for an abandoned offspring such as a wildebeest A calf alone would not survive but if another female lost her own calf she in turn would take on the mother role of the abandoned offspring Under the Evolution Theory the emotions and the basics of survival for a species work together such as happiness results reproduction love results incorporation surprise equals orientation sadness equals reintegration fear is fear anger equals destruction disgusted ends in rejection and exploration If a species lacked fear then predators would have it easy or if it lacks reproduction then it could become extinct Human emotions not only allow us to know how others feel but it is essential to our own survival Facial Feedback and Eventappraisal Facial Feedback Hypothesis or known as FFH shows that the actions on people s faces are a sensation of emotions When walking down the street a person smiles have an idea that he or she is happy and if he or she has a frown others people think that he or she is upset or sad about something This will in return feedback in to the emotion itself Bertrand Russell and Stanley Schachter explain as the selfattribution theory that emotion is a joint function of autonomic arousal and cognitive attributions or labels for that arousal Buck 1980 p 812 Schachter thought to believe that there were two objects that made up emotions physiological arousal and cognitive label Our mental awareness comes from the body s physical arousal and emotions are coming from here EventAppraisalEmotion Sequence is the way he or she looks at emotions and the event that could have started them I am thinking that this would be like going to a movie and it makes the person beside me sad in which he or she is crying but on the other side he or she are just fine and nothing bothered him or her This is the same event but different emotions but we could go in to a different even and could see the same thing Every event that happens in a person s life will have an effect differently on another person He or she can find a stimulus for every event and our emotions help him or her come out Sometimes we know about the emotion like a death in the family or the boyfriend or girlfriend does not want to be with the person now Our faces can tell another person so much when he or she looks at our face My son will start crying if I look at him with a certain face because he knows that he has done something wrong and is about to be in trouble for his actions My little girl has figured out what face I make that will find herself in trouble Facial expression can tell others that they are eithe happy sad and even if he or she are mad by the frown and sometimes even a red face But there are times that we cannot look at a person s face and tell he or she is upset or happy for he or she could be hiding it I can hide my feelings and people never know that I am upset inside but outside says differently To me facial expressions are like the old phrase cannot judge a book by its cover but instead cannot judge a person s emotions by their face Conclusion As the exploration of the function of emotions is made it can be difficult to understand human experience and how it relates to human motivation Especially as emotions impact behavior and affect daily lives In this essay Team C discussed historical theories of emotion and arousal as they relate to human motivation The methods of research used for uncovering basic emotions were analyzed The facial feedback hypothesis was discussed along with what facial expressions say about emotions personality or motives In conclusion as the knowledge of emotions and motives are applied to each individual s professional and personal lives an understanding of human motivation becomes relevant as one realizes the role of the function of emotions on motivation and behavior References Buck R 1980 Nonverbal behavior and the theory of emotion The facial feedback hypothesis Deckers L 2005 Motivation Biological psychological and environmental 2nd ed Boston PearsonAllyn amp Bacon Enos M 2001 Defining emotion With measures of intensity and range of experience PhD dissertation The University of Chicago United States Illinois Retrieved from Dissertations amp Theses Full TextPublication No AAT 3019914 nd thinkexistcom Emotion Quotes Retrieved from httpthin1lteXistcomquotationbutsomeemotionsdontmalltealotofnoiseit s7199html


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.