PSY 375 Issue Analysis
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Date Created: 11/10/15
PSY 375 Life Span Human Development Page 1 of 1 PSY375r3 PSY 375 Life Span Human Development University of Phoenix Material Issue Analysis After reading the selected critical issue use the following questions to analyze the issue The work count for individual questions may vary but your responses should total 750 to 1050words for the entire worksheet What are some of the strengths associated with the Pro side of the issue What are some of the weaknesses Pro Opting Out The Pro side of the issue encourages women to make the decision to optout due to childrearing and family commitment The most significant strength of the Pro side is that it benefits children who would otherwise spend plenty of time in daycares or with a babysitter According to DebatePedia 2010 As early childhood is the most formative period of development for a child it is important that a mother has as much time to devote to her children as possible Early childhood is crucial in the development of a child which is why women are choosing to take a prominent role during this important stage of the child s life In addition to being present during early childhood development women who opt out ensure a brighter future for society as a whole by aiding in optimal development of the child so that the child has the best possible opportunities in the long run college career etc There are also weaknesses associated with opting out Women may become resentful towards their husbands or children because they abandoned their professional goals to raise a family Most women pursue a college education in hopes to ensure a good career and by opting out they are giving up some of their original aspirations They may also experience bouts of depression as they struggle with their independence apart from their family unit Obenshain 2007 states that Especially in professional and middleclass circles it is often rather shameful to admit to being only a housewife and mother What are some of the strengths associated with the Con side of the issue What are some of the weaknesses Against Opting Out The Con side of opting out encompasses the negative outcomes of women choosing family and childrearing over their professional career Young women often enter college with high hopes and high expectations Raising children and being a homemaker is not the typical objective of a female who is pursuing her degree and continuing her education DebatePedia 2010 points out that Encouraging mothers to work increases the number of people in the workforce thereby increasing the Page 2 of 1 PSY375r3 PSY 375 Life Span Human Development productivity of the country Women are often torn between their career and raising their children Often times a woman will choose her family over her career out of moral obligation although it may not necessarily be what she wants for herself Guest 2011 The Con side of opting out has its weaknesses as well Women who choose to remain in their professional career may feel as though they are failing as a mother They may also become burnt out by juggling both work and family Added stress from work can create a tense atmosphere for families as well Friction may also become evident if the husband disagrees with the woman s choice to remain within her professional career rather than dedicate her time to being a fulltime mother and wife While gender roles have evolved greatly over the years some men still feel that women should raise the children and take care of the home This may not be a prominent issue in a woman s decision to opt out but it definitely plays a role in some instances Based on the statements presented in this critical issue which author do you agree with Provide supporting evidence I believe that Pamela Stone s argument was more plausible than that of Linda Hirshman Hirshman believes that women are responsible for choosing family over their careers while Stone argues that it is more a matter of gender obligations and inconvenient workplaces for mothers Guest 2011 Stone holds workplaces within America responsible for some of the issues attributed to women opting out of their professional careers Perhaps if workplaces were more accommodating to women who had children it would not be as difficult for a woman to continue within her professional career while also raising her children Some workplaces offer mothers exible work hours but often managers and supervisors do not follow through with these promises While husbands are generally supportive of their wife s choice to maintain her professional career they do not necessarily take on extra responsibilities when it comes to raising the children and maintaining the household As a result women seem to find themselves facing their career raising children and maintaining the household without the help of their partner Guest 2011 While Stone holds a hostile workplace responsible for a large part of opting out she also believes that ultimately a mother feels the need to be there for her children Eventually this need may outweigh the appeal of maintaining a professional career This aspect of opting out is more psychological rather than logical Explore two other roles that can be acquired during early and middle adulthood such as through parenthood romantic relationships and career How have these roles changed through the past generations Page 3 of 1 PSY375r3 PSY 375 Life Span Human Development Careers for early and middle adults have evolved greatly throughout the years Jobs that were once predominantly considered strictly male jobs have become more open to females Women have been able to slowly work their way into a more diverse career field which has opened many doors for early and middle adults as a whole Romantic relationships have also evolved in comparison to past generations Some couples start families before getting married which was considered somewhat taboo in past generations Women have also taken on a lead role in romantic relationships in comparison to years past Overall women have become quite independent and selfreliant which also transfers into romantic relationships What psychological adjustments are made during early and middle adulthood to adapt to aging and changes in life style How does this affect development There are many adjustments that are made during early and middle adulthood to prepare individuals for the prospect of getting married and raising a family As an individual enters early adulthood he or she is most likely setting goals pertaining to academic success and professional success As they begin to progress through the stages of these goals they may become psychological sidetracked by other important goals such as starting a family On a psychological level this time during one s life can be comparable to a rollercoaster Preparing for marriage and a family can completely alter an individual s initial motives and goals Page 4 of 1 PSY375r3 PSY 375 Life Span Human Development References DebatePedia 2010 Should Mother s stay at home to raise their children Retrieved January 31 2011 from httDdebateDediaidebateorgenindexphDDebate Should mothers staV at ho me to raise their children Guest A 2011 Taking sides Clashing views in lifespan develonment 3rd ed New York McGraWHill Obenshain K 2007 Giving it all up one woman s decision to stay home to raise her children Retrieved January 31 2011 from httpWWWcblniorgresourcesspeechcfmID24 Page 5 of 1 PSY375r3
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