PSY 410 Week 2 - Defining Abnormality Team paper
PSY 410 Week 2 - Defining Abnormality Team paper fin571
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Date Created: 11/10/15
Defining Abnormality Defining Abnormality TEAM B University of Phoenix PSY 410 Facilitator Maria Neely MA MEd June 27 2011 Defining Abnormality Defining Abnormality Differentiating between normal and abnormal behaviors can be challenging to say the least Even individuals trained professionally to diagnose those suffering from abnormal behaviors need to go through a laundry list of symptoms before coming to a conclusion and treatment plan Several factors can contribute to behaviors in general and most of those factors can be the culprits of abnormal behaviors Factors can range from age and gender to culture and situational contexts When considering the age of an individual professionals have their work cut out for them anyone from any age group can suffer from abnormal behaviors this makes it difficult to diagnose Malfunctions in the body can also contribute to abnormal behaviors especially in regard to the human brain One also has to take into consideration an individual s cultural background Certain cultures have what some would consider odd or abnormal customs Even with each of these considerations taken into account mind body culture and situational context trying to determine if an individual is showing normal or abnormal behaviors can still be challenging Mind and Body The relationship between mind and body works as a challenge in defining and classifying normal and abnormal psychology The mind and the body are fully interconnected and interdependent with each other Hansell amp Damour 2008 The brain is the location where the chemistry takes place and in return making an individual express what he or she are experiencing throughout the body To understand one s behavior the connection between the body and the mind must always be taken into account to consider whether the behavior is normal or abnormal Defining Abnormality Cognition and behavior is like cause and effect in the abnormal psychology the body is the mirror re ection of what goes on in the mind The mind and body create a range of disposition and dysfunctions in abnormal psychology Meissner 2007 The more complicated the nervous system is the more complicated and individuals behavior could be which could potentially cause abnormal behavior The way we act speak our opinions and ideas all affect the way we behave Age Abnormal behaviors can be expressed or shown at any time in an individual s life there are no specific ages in which abnormal behaviors are experienced There is a different branch of abnormal psychology for each specific age group because of the range that one can experience abnormal behaviors Defining abnormal behavior in children may be more difficult than it is in adults at times Sigmund Freud argued that most of abnormal behavior is genetic and originates in childhood Muris 2006 Many other scientists believe that if children are exposed to high levels stress and have a difficult life growing up may be more likely to develop disorders and experience abnormal behavior Freud also believed that abnormal psychology in children is related to family and parenting practices He believed that anxiety disorders in teenagers are practically linked when the child s parents are controlling and depression is linked with parents low care toward their children Muris 2006 Most of depression and anxiety disorder occur later in life mostly during the teenage years and up until midlife years People at different ages express their behavior in different ways Adults can express their feelings verbally while children cry and through tantrums to express their behavior Most of the disorder may occur at any age for instance separation anxiety disorder occurs early in childhood when children fear Defining Abnormality their parents abandoning them Hansell amp Damour 2008 With each disorder different age groups react in a variety of ways Adults become angry distant unmotivated while children may complain they are ill distance themselves from others play alone stay in their room etc Situational Context Context and situational factors play a significant role in defining abnormal behaviors The circumstances in which the behavior is displayed are important when seeking out whether or not a certain behavior can be considered abnormal For example an individual s depression may be triggered by a recent traumatic event however it may be considered abnormal if he or she has a persistent feeling of sadness that continues to increase over time Second the context in which abnormality occurs can help us to understand and explain it Hansell amp Damour 2008 p 5 This tends make doctors or psychologists seek out an individual s past to understand the current abnormal behavior that is displayed The final criterion for defining abnormal behavior based on contextual reasoning is the demographic that the behavior is being displayed This may include factors such as age culture and gender These factors have almost an unlimited combination of possibilities explaining why or how a person is acting and how this is considered abnormal behavior Perhaps the individual is a woman in a foreign country who prays at specific times throughout the day When she arrives in a new country and performs her religious ceremony others view her as abnormal because they are not familiar with her customs Coming up with a definitive definition for abnormal behavior is more problematic because the context in which the behavior is being displayed may make one consider certain behaviors abnormal in one context and yet completely acceptable in another Defining Abnormality Cultural Differences Cultural differences can also produce differing views on abnormal behavior Definitions of abnormal behavior vary widely across different cultures Hansell amp Damour 2008 p 6 As explained before one perspective or ritual that is accepted in one society may be considered abnormal and problematic within another society Consider that there was a time when a widow in India was expected to hurl her own body on her husband s casket as it was set a ame Areas of China will allow their male children to be castrated in order for him to have a higher social status throughout his life If either of these behaviors were to be applied American culture it would be seen as unlawful and at the very least abnormal Within each culture people consider differing or awkward behaviors as abnormal This simple reality makes an overall definition of abnormal behaviors more complicated Conclusion Abnormal behavior has no definitive definition but there are certain factors that professionals take into consideration when determining if someone is suffering from abnormal behaviors If one experiences the loss of a parent a young child would handle the situation considerably different from a grown adult The child may progressively become more depressed and show abnormal behaviors associated with his or her loss the adult could handle the situation in the same manner Certain cultures handle death in significantly different contexts their behaviors following a death may be considered abnormal to those unfamiliar with their customs Factors such as age and culture are major factors in diagnosing and treating abnormal behaviors Differentiating between normal and abnormal will be considerably easier if one has a better Defining Abnormality understanding of these factors An individual could be born with abnormalities Within his or her genetic make up so searching until the source of the abnormal behaviors is found is crucial Once that source is found and thus revealed treatment can begin With all the different situational factors that can contribute to abnormal behavior Which can be a lengthy process but is most definitely an essential one References Hansell J amp Damour L 2008 Abnormal psychology 2nd ed Hoboken NJ Wiley Meissner W W 2007 Mind brain and self in psychoanalysis Therapeutic implications of the mindbody relation Psychoanalytic Psychology 242 333354 doi1010370736 9735242333 Muris P 2006 Februar Freud was ri ht About the ori ins of abnormal behavior Journal of Child and Family Studies 151 1 Defining Abnormality
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