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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Tyler Alexander on Tuesday November 10, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY2400 at University of Toledo taught by Prunier,S in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Cognitive Psychology in Language at University of Toledo.
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Date Created: 11/10/15
PSY 2400 Cognitive Psychology Professor Prunier, S. STUDY GUIDE Know the relationship between auditory imagery and pitch When mentally traveling between two sounds, it requires more time to do so if the sounds are differ than if the sounds are the same Pitch- characteristics of sound stimulus that can be arranged on a scale from low to high Know what pragmatics refers to It is the knowledge of the social rules of language People pay attention to the aspect of a message that is most relevant to their current goal Be familiar with Chomsky He was fascinated with the more abstract meanings in sentences Know the different cognitive maps Border bias (distance between two locations, relative to another) Angle heuristic (matching one shape with a list of shapes that have been rotated different degree orientations) Know about semantic memory Set of objects that belong together Prototype approach- degree of which a stimuli is representative of their category Graded structure- categories typically begin with the item most similar to the prototype and continue through the least representative member Know characteristics of prototypes they are examples of a category judged more quickly after semantic priming (similar meaning) share attributes in a family resemblance category Know about the common ground approach Two individuals share similar information and dwell on similar experiences in their lives Know about mental imagery It is top-down processing It represents stimuli that are not physically present Know about the linearization problem Arranging words in an ordered, linear sequence Prosody- melody of its intonation, rhythm, and emphasis Discourse- language units that are larger than a sentence Narrative- type of discourse in which someone describes a series of actual or fictional events Know about the two aphasias Broca’s aphasia- disorder resulting in deficits in producing language i. Location- region of the frontal lobe linked to speech production Wernicke’s aphasia- disorder resulting in deficits in language comprehension i. Location- region of the brain responsible for language comprehension Know what schemas and scripts are Schema- generalized; well-integrated knowledge about a situation, event, or person Script- simple, well-structured sequence of events in order, usually associated with highly familiar activities Know what an indirect and direct access route is Direct-access route- recognize words directly through vision without sounding them out Indirect-access route- when you see a word you translate it into some form of sound before you can access a word and its meaning Know the different forms of bilingualism Simultaneous- bilinguals that learn two languages simultaneously Sequential- native language is their first language and they acquire the second
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