Sociology 325 EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE 11/12/15 SOC 325 lecture study guide
exam 2, november 12
8 x 11 (printer paper) sized note sheet (on both sides) is permitted for exam.
-cohort, growing up differently than another person, affecting ages, interests. Effects on cohorts. It is often thought that as we age we should stay active but cut down on contact sports and overly-vigorous activities. Obesity rates are rising among older cohorts (age effect or cohort effect?). Diabetes rates are rising among older cohorts.
Which of the following would be a cohort effect?
-Current students like lacrosse while older professors like football
Physical Activity - Climate (tropic, subtropic, arctic) + Time (continuous) + Payoff (weight loss, blood pressure, continuous) + Networking (how many friends join you) + Health + Gender + Income (continuous) + Level of Education (continuous)
Beta coefficients - not important for the exam, when reading material do not focus on knowing the coefficients or understanding them.
How do we interpret the other?
Heuristics - Mental shortcuts We also discuss several other topics like If the slope of the rays from the origin to the total variable cost curve declines along the curve, it implies what?
• Available heuristic, we make sense of things based on readily available information
• Representatives heuristic, we make sense of things basked on prototypes. Stereotypes.
• Anchoring and adjustment heuristic, we think we know something (our anchor) and then adjust to the situation.
• Affect heuristic - we base our opinions or actions on how we feel about a situation
Shia - Islam leader should be from Muhammad’s family or close circle of followers. Sunni- Islam leader should be the person with the most knowledge, which could be a family member or someone else
*In the article on Shia Muslim women, it is noted that these women feel they have the right to determine their own decisions about physical activity, though they do talk about being able to be physically active and stay true to their religious beliefs - “The We also discuss several other topics like What are the three basic polynomial functions?
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Sociology 325 EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE 11/12/15 participants mentioned that they would choose Islam over physical activity if they had to make a choice between the two.” Don't forget about the age old question of What is dsm-v stands for?
• Most of the western discourse on Muslim women and the Hijad is about oppression and rebellion against the west… the women who actually wear the Hijad argue that they are fully engaged in society, and their choice of clothing and activities should not be used to attach them to specific labels (although their discussion tends to be gendered).
• Post colonial discourse - the military presence is gone, but the impacts still linger and there are new ways to colonize (“Coca-Colonization”). Americans push the Native Americans out, using weapons, then develop their own society- The United States.
- Video before class puzzle on Tuesday -
- Senior citizens playing Wii -
- Who is to blame for gambling problems? Don't forget about the age old question of Dopa is converted into dopamine by what?
- Social Disengagement - As people age they are less able to maintain their physical performances, and given the importance of youthfulness in society, they begin to withdraw from social situations.
- Modernization - Young people are better able to adapt to new ways of doing things so older people become disadvantaged.
- Life Course Perspective - People do not age in some homogenous way, early experiences will impact later experiences
- Three aspects of risk analysis
1. Assessment - What is the likelihood of a problem arising and what would be the consequences if something does happen? (at what point would you say that a situation is risky? One person getting hurt, 10, 100, 1,000,000) Chronic vs. acute injuries We also discuss several other topics like Where is the insertion of supraspinatus
2. Management - If a risk is considered to be problematic, what should be done about it and who should be managing the risk? (Legitimation)
Sociology 325 EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE 11/12/15 3. Communication - how do you communicate a risk assessment and/or its management in a way that will elicit the response you want
- Information comes to us from three basic sources
- Factors that play into how people think about risks
People tend to be risk adverse in much of life but willing to take more risks when involved in “recreation”
We often blame the failures of others on themselves so we can put our own successes on ourselves
Participating in higher risk sports have a sense of control loss - years of experience in the high risk sports tended to lead to more knowledge of vulnerability to serous injury
- Factors playing into continued participation
Socioeconomic, availability of facilities, travel time
Sociology 325 EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE 11/12/15
Qualitative Data - The Canadian study looked at people's physical activities 7 years apart. Go back seven years in your own life. Were you more or less active at the time? How do you know?
Validity - A study is
studying what it says it is studying.
Reliability - A study's results will be consistent at different time/with different groups.
Knowledge Theory - as you know more about a risk, the less likely you are to take it.
Economic Theory - the more money you have, the more likely you are to take risks.
Personality Theory - Are type A people more likely to take risks?
Studies- snapshot of society
Longitudinal Studies - Take place over a period of time
Panel Studies - Typically follow the same
individuals over a period of time
Age Effect - All groups experience the same thing as they get older.
Cultural Theory - Why some parents put their children in sports, and others don’t. Cultural strategies and tendencies, some like order, to know who’s in charge.
Hierarchs - concerned with risks that threaten social order. Threaten hierarchy when a parent (overruling a coach) aims for power of a team.
Egalitarians - concerned with risks that threaten equality. Cultural lense, everyone is equal, if you don’t get enough playing time, parent’s pull children out of sports.
Concerned with risks that threaten the ability to do one’s own. It’s on the kid to do well, swim team, track team. Event is one person,
Dependent variable - typically what you are interested in measuring how it is affected and it is dependent on other
Independent variable - Independent of other factors.
Controlling variables - variables that could
influence the relation between the Correlation —> a relationship exists between two or more variables
Linear correlation - data points graphed onto a plot chart look to be cluster around a straight line.
Curvilinear correlation - data points graphed onto a plot chart look to be clustered on a curved line.
No correlation - data points graphed onto a plot chart look to be random
Positive (direct) - As one variable increase (or decreases) the other increases