LIT 210 appendix_h - poetry matrix
LIT 210 appendix_h - poetry matrix fin571
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Date Created: 11/11/15
Axia College Material Appendix H Comparative Poetry Matrix Fill in the matrix below for three poems of your choice (except My Papa’s Waltz) from the poetry selections you read in Week Six. Then, evaluate the poems in a brief statement below the matrix. Poem One: The Poem Three: Death, Starry Night — Anne Poem Two: Oranges Be Not Proud — — Gary Soto Sexton John Donne In this poem, Donne, The theme of Gary in a sense, makes a Soto’s poem mockery of Death. The theme of Anne Sexton’s “The Starry “Oranges” is about He details the ways Theme Night” is centered on his first date as a in which Death is a preteen. The author slave to mortals. His Van Gogh’s painting discusses his trip to ultimate conclusion is of the same name. a drugstore to buy that Death is cheated candy. in the end, regardless of Death’s results. Sexton uses imagery Some of the imagery liberally in this poem in this poem is The imagery of as she describes a related to the time of Donne’s poem is that very colorful painting. year, December. The of a man She describes a author discusses the contemplating his blackhaired tree, a frost on the ground own mortality. Rather bulging moon in its and his visible than fear Death, the orange irons, and a breath. The author author logically Image sky boiling with stars. also identifies the explains how death is The very inspiration girl’s house by the not a permanent for this poem is yellow porch light. thing. He compares dependent upon the Additionally, the to death to rest and images depicted by author discusses the sleep, and effectively Van Gogh, and visual arrangement diminishes the claim Sexton captures of candies in the in line 2 that death is these images well in drugstore, as well as mighty and dreadful. her words. the fog outside. LIT 210 Irony The irony in “The The irony in this The irony in this Starry Night” appears poem occurs when poem is centered on when Sexton the author offers his the personification of declares, “This is how girlfriend to pi ck any Death. Although I want to die.” This candy she wants. He death is inevitable statement is in stark only has a nickel, but and feared by most, contrast to the other his girlfriend wants a the author makes lines in the poem chocolate that costs light of the figure of which point out the a dime. At first, the death by claiming beauty and vividness reader is left with the that Death is a slave of Van Gogh’s impression that the to fate, chance, painting. author cannot afford kings, and desperate It seems that the the candy, until he men. The author, author is so offers his nickel, as who most certainly fascinated by being well as an orange, to must succumb to alive to witness such the saleslady in death at some point beauty, but then exchange for the mocks the figure of decides that this is the chocolate candy. Death by claiming way she wants to die; Another irony is that “Poppy charms can this is the way that the poem starts with make us sleep as her life should cease the boy being well. And better than to be — something as “weighted down” with thy stroke; why beautiful and the oranges, but later swell’st thou then?” emotionally moving as uses the oranges In this statement the brilliant stars and first to obtain Donne asks Death moon of the night sky. chocolate and then why it is proud when This is ironic because to enjoy as a snack Death is essentially a without life, one can while his girlfriend slave to the many not appreciate such eats her chocolate. ways in which beauty. humans can die. The final irony is in the last two lines in which the author claims, “One short sweet past, we wake eternally. And Death shall be no more; Death shalt die.” In this way, the author defies Death and confirms his feelings that Death need not be proud because LIT 210 eternal life awaits. There are no obvious The first simile in this similes in this poem poem occurs when as the author does The first simile in the the author describes not use the word poem relates a tree to the rows of candy in “like” to relate two a drowned woman. the drugstore as things to one The other simile in the being”like bleachers.” another. However, Simile poem says that the Another simile in this there are allusions to moon is like a god poem is when the similarities between which pushes children author describes the death and sleep. from its eye. fog “hanging The author also between the trees claims that rest and like old coats.” sleep are like pictures of death Symbol The town in the poem The most important The central symbol in is a symbol of symbol in this poem this poem is the contrast to the lively is the orange itself. personification of sky. Even though the This object Death. Although moon and stars are symbolizes first a death is not known to barely animate tool for bartering to be a single individual, objects, Sexton get the chocolate the author writes as if describes them as wanted by the speaking to a man alive. The town, on author’s girlfriend. whom he thinks is too the other hand, is a Secondly, the orange proud. The symbol of symbol of silence and symbolizes death in this poem is stoic lifelessness brightness in the derided by Donne as relative to the night dreary December he seeks to quash sky. weather. The orange any feeling of pride is essentially a that Death may have symbol for change. for his duty of taking Oranges also hint lives. After toward sensuality, discrediting death as and this is a young little more than sleep, preteens first date; it the author ends the is quite likely that poem by claiming, hormones are “Death, thou shalt involved in the die.” The author youth’s decision to clearly has little LIT 210 trade his orange, and a nickel, for a piece respect for the of candy with which symbol of death in to impress his this poem. girlfriend. Which poem do you think most effectively uses poetic literary devices and conventions? Explain your answer. I believe that ‘The Starry Night” best uses the literary devices and conventions. In that poem, Sexton makes powerful use of imagery, symbolism, theme, and simile. Each of these categories is covered in a detailed and dramatic way which leaves the reader emotionally moved. Also, the irony of the poem — the author’s wish to die in the same way that Van Gogh reflected his colorful night sky — was a more effective use of irony than the other poems discussed above. I think the powerful emotion used by Sexton in her literary devices was more powerful and had a greater impact than reading the other two. Sexton’s use of such colorful phrases and vivid imagery brought to life a painting in words. Although Soto conveyed his feeling as an awkward preteen quite well, there was little use of devices which move one emotionally. It was an amusing poem, for sure, but lacked the sheer impact of Sexton’s “Starry Night.” Donne’s poem makes use of some literary devices, but, again, not nearly as effective as Sexton. His use of irony does not really come as a surprise, because the reader can understand from the first few lines that Donne is not intimidated by death. There is very little use of simile and symbolism. The strongest aspect of Donne’s poem is its theme, which is made clear at the beginning: many fear death, but none should. LIT 210
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