Exam 2 Study Guide
Exam 2 Study Guide ANT 333
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Daijah Walker on Monday March 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ANT 333 at Emory University taught by Dr. Konner in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Diseases & Human Behavior in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Emory University.
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Date Created: 03/28/16
Ant 333, Disease & Human Cervix Behavior Cancer defined Study sheet for Exam 2 Staging of cancers PLEASE NOTE: THIS LIST DNA repair & failure DOES NOT COVER Chromosomal instability EVERYTHING YOU MAY BE Competition among mutants ASKED ON THE EXAM Dysplasia Intraepithelial cancer Infectious Diarrhea Invasion Traveler’s diarrhea Invasive carcinoma fecaloral route Metastasis foodborne, waterborne Human papilloma virus (HPV) symptoms Genital warts risks Viral oncogenes E. coli Capsid proteins pathogenic E. coli E2 protein rotavirus Time course of HPV & cancer dsRNA Pelvic lymph nodes viral proteins Viral evolution how rotavirus attacks Prevalence trends armies & diarrhea Papanicolaou (Pap) Smear ancient knowledge of water route Cone biopsy 1800s improvements in sanitation Hysterectomy oral rehydration therapy (ORT) Curability of cervical cancer deaths per year today HPV infection rates (approximate) virulence of rotavirus Role of male circumcision how rotavirus kills Role of condoms preventing food contamination Role of male dominance preventing water contamination infantile diarrhea Breast Cancer diarrhea and poverty As a cause of death breastfeeding and immunity Approximate prevalence passive immunity stimulating infant’s immune system Trends in prevalence Milk ducts and lobules worldwide decline of breastfeeding Ductal carcinoma vaccine development Invasive ductal carcinoma intussusception Lobular carcinoma vaccine withdrawal in late ‘90s vaccine success in late ‘00s Malignancy Metastasis ethics of vaccine distribution in Angiogenesis developed world Cancer as “the crab” developing world Lymphatic spread Axillary lymph nodes Cervical Cancer Discordance model of women’s cancers Number of ovulatory cycles (approx.) Role of histamine Role of age at menarche Worms, wheezes and weird Role of pregnancy diseases IgE : role in above and in Role of breastfeeding Role of age at menopause asthma Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) Developing vs. developed world HRT & breast cancer Why do farm children get less Estrogen receptors asthma? The “hygiene hypothesis” Tamoxifen Increasing prevalence Aromatase inhibitors Mastectomy Lung function tests Lumpectomy Tidal volume Radiation Forced expiratory volume Allergy tests Chemotherapy Wheal-and-flare reaction Why hair loss, nausea, & anemia? Bronchodilators Herceptin & HER2 Genes of the tumor Beta-agonists Vulnerability genes of the person Corticosteroids Inhalers BRCA genes Environmental control Other vulnerability genes Asthma triggers Breast reconstruction Allergens Psychology of breast cancer Breast selfexamination Cat dander Dust mites Mammograms/mammography Ragweed pollen (Strongly) hereditary breast cancer Mold spores Familial breast cancer Race/ethnicity in asthma Sporadic breast cancer Genetic susceptibility Poverty and breast cancer Role of poverty Race and breast cancer Air pollution & lung development Asthma Home-based intervention for Definition poor kids How common? Causes of bronchial constriction COPD Inflammation Emphysema Mucus buildup Alveolar destruction Muscle tightening Chronic bronchitis Two main components? Airway inflammation Bronchus & bronchiole Cough & excess mucus Smooth muscle Mortality trend Alveolus Smoking Antibodies in asthma Smoking Mast cells in asthma Smoking Role of allergens, pollution, Cilia and airways infection Smoking and cilia Air pollution Atherothrombosis Spread of tobacco use Stenosis/narrowing Invention of manufactured Serum/blood cholesterol cigarettes Low density lipoprotein (LDL) Carcinogens/toxins in tobacco High density lipoprotein (HDL) Addictiveness of nicotine Roles of inflammation “Pink Puffer” vs. “Blue Bloater” Role of macrophages Flattened diaphragms & dead Cholesterol crystals air in Thrombus/clot emphysema Ischemia Acute exacerbations in Angina bronchitis Myocardial infarction Passive smoking Paleolithic/hunter-gatherer diet Smoker’s lung Hunter-gatherer serum Preventable deaths cholesterols Anti-smoking ads Saturated fat & serum Educational campaigns cholesterol Smoking cessation programs Atherosclerosis as a new disease Financial incentives Diseases of civilization Taxation of cigarettes Signs & symptoms of heart Nicotine gum & patches attack Role of Zyban/Wellbutrin Electrocardiogram (= ECG = Role of methoxsalen EKG) Targeting women Acute vs. chronic changes in Female vs. male trends in ECG smoking Angiography Lung vs. breast cancer deaths in Coronary artery bypass graft women (CABG) Decline in smoking in U.S. Balloon angioplasty (PTCA) Targeting children (e.g. Joe Stents Camel) Decrease in cardiac deaths Targeting the developing world Causes of decrease: 2 big Disability adjusted life years categories (DALYs) Smoking & CAD Tobacco company lies Food pyramids Cholesterol-lowering drugs Coronary Artery Disease (statins) (CAD) Male vs. female death rates Cardiovascular disease (CVD) Race & heart disease Atherosclerosis Race & access to treatment Plaques Race-specific medications Heart attack Genetic vulnerabilities Fatty streaks Heart disease in the developing Plaque fissure, rupture or world erosion Thrombosis Stroke Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) CVD & CAD CAD: leading cause of death Stroke: third leading cause of death Ischemic vs. hemorrhagic stroke Thrombotic vs. embolic stroke Embolus & embolism Thrombus/clot formation Plaque fragments Transient ischemic attack (TIA) Coronary calcification Role of diet, discordance, etc. Signs & symptoms of stroke Time lost = Brain lost Why is stroke now an emergency? Stroke in evolution Stroke penumbra Middle cerebral artery Emergency interventions Catheterization Clot-dissolving enzymes (thrombolytics) tPA Clot-retrieval devices Carotid artery Stroke rehabilitation/Limits of rehab Risk factors for stroke --coronary artery disease --dieabetes --high blood pressure (hypertension) --smoking Primary & secondary prevention Race as a factor in stroke death Stroke in the developing world Possible role of stem cells Legal obstacles to stem cells
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