New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Exam 2 Study Guide

by: Juliane Notetaker

Exam 2 Study Guide CRM 3343

Juliane Notetaker
GPA 3.03

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Has information about Sections 4, 8, and 9
Gender, Crime and Justice
Dr. Kecia Johnson
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Gender, Crime and Justice

Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Juliane Notetaker on Monday March 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CRM 3343 at Mississippi State University taught by Dr. Kecia Johnson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 92 views. For similar materials see Gender, Crime and Justice in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Mississippi State University.

Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice


Reviews for Exam 2 Study Guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/28/16
Exam 2 Study Guide  Chapter 4 Intimate Partner Abuse & Stalking o The Battered Women’s Movement was in the 1970s  Shelters and counseling programs were being developed o The Cycle of Violence consists of 3 phases  Phase 1: Tension Building  The batterer becomes controlling  Phase 2: Abusive Incident  When the abuse happens  Phase 3: The Honeymoon Period  Attacker apologizes, and the victim forgives o IPA is defined in many ways  Physical, psychological, or sexual harm by a current or former partner  Stalking  Homicides/robberies involving intimate partners o  Prosecutors normally charge the attacker with simple assault o African American women cope with IPA by using:  Emergency services  Police assistance  Housing assistance o Mandatory Arrest: surfaced during the 1980s and 1990s with the intention to stop  domestic violence by deterring offenders.  It clarified the roles of police officers  when dealing with domestic violence calls and removed the responsibility of  arrest from the victim o Stalking: a course of conduct directed at a reasonable person that could cause  them to feel fearful.  It includes acts such as unwanted phone calls or messages,  being followed or spied on, and making unannounced visits o Stalking may not be reported because:  The victim did not want the behavior to escalate  The victim thinks that this experience is private  Believes that it is not serious enough to report o The stalker is normally someone who the victim knows o Cyberstalking: incidents of stalking that use electronic forms of technology such  as e­mail, text, GPS, and the Internet o Minneapolis Domestic Violence Experiment: helped show the decrease in  recidivism rates when an actual arrest was made in misdemeanor domestic  violence incidents, in comparison to when a police officer just counseled the  aggressor o Violence Against Women Act:  passed in 1994; this federal law provides funding  for training and research on intimate partner abuse as well as sets forth policies  for restitution and civil redress; it provided funding for battered women’s shelters  and outreach education, funding for domestic violence training for police and  court personnel, and the opportunity for victims to sue for civil damages as a  result of violent acts perpetuated against them o If victims do not feel as though the criminal justice system meets their needs, they are not as likely to go to them for assistance  Chapter 8 Female Offenders and Their Crimes o Proportion of Gender Arrests:  Males are more likely to be arrested for violent crimes  Females are more likely to be arrested for property crimes o The 2010 Fair Sentencing Act changed the sentencing disparity between powder  and crack cocaine from 100 to 1, to 18 to 1. o Risk factors for women in prostitution include:  Violence   Victimization  Drug addiction  Contracting STIs o Gang structures  Mixed­gender  The females are normally in a type of relationship with a male  gang member (brother/boyfriend)  Independent girl gang  Girls have a higher level of participation in the criminal network o How one exits the gang lifestyle:  Age out   Pregnancy  Incarcerated  Jumped out  Legitimate jobs  Choose to limit involvement with gang o Women may kill their children for the following reasons:  Altruistic reasons  Mental illness  Chapter 9 Processing and Sentencing of  Female Offenders o Gender Bias  Chivalry Hypothesis: women are given preferential treatment  Evil Woman Hypothesis: women are more harshly treated o Gender and Sentencing Patterns  White women are given more leniency than Latina women and Black  women o Legal vs Extra Legal  Legal factors  Whether or not offender has a criminal record  How severe the offense  If the offender is culpable  How severely the victim was injured  Extra Legal factors  Family  Public defender vs Private attorney  Sentencing Guidelines   The type of offense  Criminal record  Whether or  not there were mitigating circumstances


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.