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FIN 370 Final Exam (2nd Set) 50 Questions with ANSWERS


FIN 370 Final Exam (2nd Set) 50 Questions with ANSWERS fin571

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FIN 370 Final Exam (2nd Set) 50 Questions with ANSWERS
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Date Created: 11/11/15
FIN 370 Final Exam. P.S. Your questions will be chosen randomly from a large set of questions. Nobody can  guarantee that these questions will cover completely your exam. If I helped you please leave “A” feedback (I need it very much). Thank you and good luck. 1. Which of the following is a characteristic of an efficient market? a.Small number of individuals. b. Opportunities exist for investors to profit from publicly available information. c.Security prices reflect fair value of the firm. d. Immediate response occurs for new public information. 1. Diversification increases when ________ decreases. a.variability b. return c.risk d. a  and c e.all of the above 2. Corporations receive money from investors with: a.initial public offerings. b. seasoned new issues. c.primary market transactions. d. a and b. e.all of the above. 3. Which of the following is true regarding an initial public offering? a.The corporation gets proceeds from the investor. b.Investors get proceeds from other investors. c.The security is sold for the first time to the public. d.Both a and c. e.All of the above. Table 1(Use this table for questions 5­8) Smith Company Balance Sheet Assets: Cash and marketable securities                    $300,000 Accounts receivable                                   2,215,000 Inventories                                           1,837,500     Prepaid expenses                                                              24,000 Page 1 of 12 Total current assets                                             $3,286,500 Fixed assets                                                  2,700,000  Less: accumulated depreciation                          1,087,500 Net fixed assets                                                     $1,612,500 Total assets                                                            $4,899,000 Liabilities: Accounts payable                                                     $240,000 Notes payable                                                     825,000 Accrued taxes                                                         42,500 Total current liabilities                                         $1,107,000 Long­term debt                                                           975,000 Owner’s equity                                                         2,817,000 Total liabilities and owner’s equity                     $4,899,000 Net sales (all credit)                                               $6,375,000 Less: Cost of goods sold                                          4,312,500 Selling and administrative expense                       1,387,500 Depreciation expense                                                  135,000 Interest expense                                                           127,000 Earnings before taxes                                                $412,500 Income taxes                                                                 225,000 Net income                                                                  $187,500 Common stock dividends                                            $97,500 Change in retained earnings                                       $90,000 4. Based on the information in Table 1, the current ratio is:  a.      2.97. b.  1.46. c.  2.11. d. 2.23. 5. Based on the information in Table 1, the debt ratio is: a.  0.70. b.  0.20. c.  0.74.  d.     0.42. 6. Based on the information in Table 1, the net profit margin is: a.  4.61%  b.     2.94%. c.  1.97%. d.  5.33%. 7. Based on the information in Table 1, the inventory turnover ratio is: a. 0.29 times. Page 2 of 12 b.  2.35 times. c.  0.43 times.  d .    3.47 times. 8. Marshall Networks, Inc. has a total asset turnover of 2.5 and a net profit margin of  3.5%. The firm has a return on equity of 17.5%. Calculate Marshall’s debt ratio.  a.   30% b.   40%  c.      50% d.   60% Use the following information and the percent­of­sales method to Answer questions 10 ­12.  Below is the 2004 year­end balance sheet for Banner, Inc. Sales for 2004 were $1,600,000 and  are expected to be $2,000,000 during 2005. In addition, we know that Banner plans to pay  $90,000 in 2005 dividends and expects projected net income of 4% of sales. (For consistency  with the Answer selections provided, round your forecast percentages to two decimals.)                  Banner, Inc. Balance Sheet                        December 31, 2004 Assets Current assets                                      $890,000 Net fixed assets                                        1,000,000 Total                                                     $1,890,000 Liabilities and Owners’ Equity Accounts payable                                      $160,000 Accrued expenses                                           100,000 Notes payable                                                 700,000 Long­term debt                                              300,000 Total liabilities                                         1,260,000 Common stock (plus paid­in capital)             360,000 Retained earnings                                           270,000 Common equity                                              630,000 Total                                                     $1,890,000 9. Banner’s projected current assets for 2005 are: a. $1,000,000.             b .    $1,120,000. c. $1,500,000. d. $1,260,000. 10. Banner’s projected accounts payable balance for 2005 is: a. $160,000. b. $120,000. Page 3 of 12             c .     $200,000. d. $300,000. 11. Banner’s projected fixed assets for 2005 are: a. $1,120,000.             b .    $1,260,000. c. $1,000,000. d. $2,380,000. 13. What is the present value of $1,000 to be received 10 years from today? Assume that  the investment pays 8.5% and it is compounded monthly (round to the nearest $1). a. $893 b. $3,106  c .             $429 d. $833 14. What is the present value of $12,500 to be received 10 years from today? Assume a  discount rate of 8% compounded annually and round to the nearest $10.  a .             $5,790 b. $11,574 c. $9,210 d. $17,010 15. The NPV method: a. is consistent with the goal of shareholder wealth maximization. b. recognizes the time value of money. c. uses cash flows.             d .    all of the above. 16. If the IRR is greater than the required rate of return, the: a. present value of all the cash inflows will be greater than the initial outlay. b. payback will be less than the life of the investment. c. project should be rejected.             d .    both a and b. 17. ABC Service can purchase a new assembler for $15,052 that will provide an annual  net cash flow of $6,000 per year for five years. Calculate the NPV of the assembler if  the required rate of return is 12%. (Round your answer to the nearest $1.) a. $1,056 Page 4 of 12 b. $4,568 c. $7,621             d .    $6,577 18. Suppose you determine that the NPV of a project is $1,525,855. What does that  mean? a. In all cases, investing in this project would be better than investing in a project that has  an NPV of $850,000.             b .    The project would add value to the firm. c. Under all conditions, the project’s payback would be less than the profitability index. d. The project’s IRR would have to be less that the firm’s discount rate. 19. The IRR is: a. the discount rate that makes the NPV positive.             b .    the discount rate that equates the present value of the cash inflows with the cost of the project. c. the discount rate that makes the NPV negative and the profitability index greater than  one. d. the rate of return that makes the NPV positive. 20. Crawfish Kitchen Inc. is planning to invest in one of three mutually exclusive  projects. Projected cash flows for these ventures are as follows: Which project is the most profitable according to the NPV Criteria if the discount  rate for the firm is 14%? a. Plan A b. Plan B             Plan C 21. You are in charge of one division of Bigfella Conglomerate Inc. Your division is  subject to capital rationing. Your division has four indivisible projects available,  Page 5 of 12 detailed as follows:           Project     Initial Outlay    IRR      NPV              1           2 million       18%   2,500,000              3           1 million       10%      600,000              2           1 million               15%      950,000              4           3 million        9%    2,000,000 If you must select projects subject to a budget constraint of 5 million dollars, which  set of projects should be accepted so as to maximize firm value? a. Projects 1, 2, and 3 b. Project 1 only             c .     Projects 1 and 4 d. Projects 2, 3, and 4 22. J & B, Inc. has $5 million of debt outstanding with a coupon rate of 12%. Currently,  the yield to maturity on these bonds is 14%. If the firm’s tax rate is 40%, what is the  cost of debt to J & B? a. 12.0% b. 14.0%             c .     8.4% d. 5.6% 23. Shawhan Supply plans to maintain its optimal capital structure of 30% debt, 20%  preferred stock, and 50% common stock far into the future. The required return on  each component is: debt–10%; preferred stock–11%; and common stock–18%.  Assuming a 40% marginal tax rate, what after­tax rate of return must Shawhan  Supply earn on its investments if the value of the firm is to remain unchanged? a. 18.0%             b .    13.0% c. 10.0% d. 14.2% 24. Bender and Co. is issuing a $1,000 par value bond that pays 9% interest annually.  Investors are expected to pay $918 for the 10­year bond. Bender will have to pay $33  per bond in flotation costs. What is the cost of debt if the firm is in the 34% tax  bracket?             a .     7.23% b. 9.01% c. 9.23% d. 11.95% Page 6 of 12 25. Armadillo Mfg. Co. has a target capital structure of 50% debt and 50% equity. They  are planning to invest in a project which will necessitate raising new capital. New  debt will be issued at a before­tax yield of 12%, with a coupon rate of 10%. The  equity will be provided by internally generated funds. No new outside equity will be  issued. If the required rate of return on the firm’s stock is 15% and its marginal tax  rate is 40%, compute the firm’s cost of capital. a. 13.5% b. 12.5% c. 7.2%             d .    11.1% 26. Which of the following relationships is true, regarding the costs of issuing the below  securities? a. Common stock > bonds > preferred stock b. Preferred stock > common stock > bonds c. Bonds > common stock > preferred stock             d .     Common stock > preferred stock > bonds          27. The _______ is the federal agency primarily responsible for regulating the securities  industry. a. FTC             b .    SEC c. FRB d. SCC 28. A firm’s business risk is influenced by the: a. competitive position of the firm within the industry. b. demand characteristics of the firm’s products. c. financing structure of the firm. d. both a and b. e. all of the above. 29. Cost of capital is: a. the coupon rate of debt. b. a hurdle rate set by the board of directors.             c .     the rate of return that must be earned on additional investment if firm value is to  remain unchanged. d. the average cost of the firm’s assets. Page 7 of 12 30. Given the following information, determine the risk­free rate.  Cost of equity         = 12%  Beta                          = 1.50  Market risk premium  = 3% a. 8.0%             b .    7.5% c. 7.0% d. 6.5% 31. Which of the following relationships is true, regarding the costs of issuing the below  securities? a. Common stock > bonds > preferred stock b. Preferred stock > common stock > bonds c. Bonds > common stock > preferred stock             d .    Common stock > preferred stock > bonds                Table 1 (Use this for questions 32­36) Average selling price per unit         $16.00 Variable cost per unit                 $11.00 Units sold                           200,000 Fixed costs                       $800,000 Interest expense                   $ 50,000 32. Based on the data in Table 1, what is the break­even point in units produced and  sold? a. $130,000 b. $140,000 c. $150,000             d .    $160,000 33. Based on the data contained in Table 1, what is the degree of operating leverage? a. 1.00 times b. 2.00 times c. 3.00 times d. 4.00 times             e .     5.00 times 34. Based on the data contained in Table 1, what is the contribution margin?             a .     $5.00 b. $4.00 Page 8 of 12 c. $3.00 d. $2.00 35. Based on the data contained in Table 1, what is the degree of financial leverage? a. 3.33 times b. 2.50 times c. 1.50 times             d .    1.33 times 36. Based on the data contained in Table 1, what is the degree of combined leverage? a. 6.33             b .    6.67 c. 7.33 d. 7.67 37. Fluctuations in EBIT result in: a. fluctuations in EPS, which might be larger or smaller as financial leverage increases. b. smaller fluctuations in EPS, the greater the degree of financial leverage.             c .     greater fluctuations in EPS, the greater the degree of financial leverage. d. equal fluctuations in EPS, the greater the degree of financial leverage. 38. A toy manufacturer following the hedging principle will generally finance seasonal  inventory build­up prior to the Christmas season with: a. common stock. b. selling equipment.             c .     trade credit. d. preferred stock. 39. Accounts receivable and inventory self­liquidate through the __________ cycle. a. spontaneous account b.  net working capital c. cash conversion             d .    sales­to­receivables collection 40. Given that short­term interest rates typically fluctuate more than long­term rates,  interest rate risk is least for:             a .     Treasury bills. b. common stock. c. long­term government bonds. d. medium­term corporate bonds. Page 9 of 12 41. If you compare the yield of a municipal bond with that of a Treasury bond, what is  the equivalent before­tax yield of a municipal bond yielding 6% per year for an  investor in the 36% tax bracket (round to nearest .1%)?             a .     9.4% b. 8.1% c. 7.7% d. 6.3% 42. Carrying cost on inventory includes: a. the required rate of return on investment in total assets. b. wages of warehouse employees. c. cost associated with inventory shrinkage.             d.     both b and c. e.  all of the above. 43. The TQM view argues that:             a .     the costs of achieving higher quality are more than economists projected. b.  better quality products drive higher sales. c. lost sales result from a poor­quality reputation. d. both b and c. e. all of the above. 44. A spot transaction occurs when one currency is: a. deposited in a foreign bank.             b .    immediately exchanged for another currency. c. exchanged for another currency at a specified price. d. traded for another at an agreed­upon future price. 45. Exchange rate risk:             a .     arises from the fact that the spot exchange rate on a future date is a random  variable. b. applies only to certain types of international businesses. c. has been phased out due to recent international legislation. d. both a and b. Page 10 of 12 Use the following information to answer questions 46­47. Below is an excerpt from Table 22­1,  The Globalization of Product and Financial Markets, that appears in your text. Values are foreign exchange rates reported in The Wall Street Journal. U.S. $ equivalent   Currency per U.S. $           Country                Mon.                       Mon.           India (Rupee)          0.03137                   31.88           Britain (Pound)       1.5615           30­day Forward      1.5609           90­day Forward      1.5605           180­day Forward    1.5603           Canada (Dollar)      0.7265                       1.3765           30­day Forward      0.7256                        1.3782           90­day Forward      0.7236                        1.3820           180­day Forward   0.7196                       1.3896           Sweden (Koruna)   0.18848                     5.3055           30­day Forward      0.18829                     5.3110           90­day Forward      0.18809                     5.3167           180­day Forward    0.18795 5.3205 46. To buy one Indian Rupee you would need:             a .     3.137 cents. b. 31.88 dollars. c. 18.848 cents. d. 5.3055 dollars. 47. The number of pounds you can purchase per U.S. dollar is: a. 1.5609. b. 0.6207.             c .     0.6404. d. 1.5615. 48. Which of the following statements about a financial lease is generally true? a. The entire lease payment is used as an income tax deduction. b. Only the portion of the lease payment that reduces the principal may be used as an  income tax deduction. c. It has no income tax deductibility.             d .    Only the portion of the lease payment that is applied to interest is tax­deductible. Page 11 of 12 49. Which of the following most likely would cause a lease to be classified as a capital  lease? a. The lease is for five or more years. b. The lease is for $1 million or more. c. The lease permits the lessee to purchase the equipment at the end of the lease for its  fair market value.             d .    The present value of the lease payments, calculated at the lessee’s typical rate of  interest for a similar purchase loan, is more than the original purchase price of  the equipment. 50. What price must a company typically pay to buy another company? The price will:             a .     include some premium over the current market value of the target’s equity. b. be the market value of the target’s equity. c. be the book value of the target’s equity. d. include some discount relative to the current market value of the target’s equity. Page 12 of 12


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