FIN 370 Final Exam (3rd Set) 63 Questions with ANSWERS
FIN 370 Final Exam (3rd Set) 63 Questions with ANSWERS fin571
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FIN 370 Final Exam. P.S. Your questions will be chosen randomly from a large set of questions. Nobody can guarantee that these questions will cover completely your exam. If I helped you please leave “A” feedback (I need it very much). Thank you and good luck. True/False 1. The financial manager should examine available riskreturn tradeoffs and make his decision based upon the greatest expected return. True False 2. Only a few financial decisions involve some sort of riskreturn tradeoff. True False 3. The sole proprietorship can be described as the absence of any legal business structure. True False 4. In a general partnership, all partners have unlimited liability for the actions of any one partner when that partner is conducting business for the firm. True False 5. There is no legal distinction made between the assets of the business and the personal assets of the owners in the limited partnership. True False 6. General partners have unrestricted transferability of ownership, while limited partners must have the consent of all partners to transfer their ownership. True False 7. Ultimate control in a corporation is vested in the board of directors. True False 8. There are a significant number of legal requirements to follow when establishing a sole proprietorship. True False 9. Limited partners may actively manage the business. True False 10. The life of a corporation is not dependent upon the status of the investors. True False 11. A sole proprietorship is the most desirable business form in all circumstances. True False 12. In a sole proprietorship, the owner is personally responsible without limitation for the liabilities incurred. True False 13. In a limited partnership, at least one general partner must remain in the association; the privilege of limited liability still applies to this partner. True False 14. In a general partnership, there is a distinction between business and personal assets. True False 15. In order to maximize shareholder wealth, a firm must consider historical costs as an integral part of their decisionmaking. True False 16. Financial management is concerned with the maintenance and creation of wealth. True True False 17. Shareholder wealth is measured by the market value of the firm's common stock. True True False 18. The agency problem arises due to the separation of ownership and control in a firm. True False 19. There is little, if any, difference between a business error and an ethical error. True False 20. For markets to be efficient, price adjustments to new information must be correct. True False 21. Ethical dilemmas frequently exist in finance. True False 22. Even though diversification can eliminate risk, it also makes it more difficult to measure a project's or an asset's risk. True False 23 Consider the following equally likely project outcomes: Profit XY Pessimistic prediction$0$500 Expected outcome$ 500$500 Optimistic prediction$1000 $500 a. Project Y has less uncertainty than Project X. b. Project X has more variability than Project Y. c. a and . d. Since Projects X and Y have the same expected outcomes of $500, investors will view them as identical in value. 24. Maximization of shareholder wealth as a goal is superior to profit maximization because: a. it considers the time value of the money. b. following the shareholder wealth maximization goal will ensure high stock prices. c. it considers uncertainty. d. a and c . 25. Why is maximizing shareholder wealth a better goal than maximizing profits? a. Maximizing shareholder wealth places greater emphasis on the short term. b. Maximizing profits ignores the uncertainty that is related to expected profits. c. Maximizing shareholder wealth gives superior consideration to the entire portfolio of shareholder investments. d. Maximizing profits gives too much weight to the tax position of shareholders. 26. Profit maximization does not adequately describe the goal of the firm because: a. profit maximization does not require the consideration of risk. b. profit maximization ignores the timing of a project's return. c. maximization of dividend payout ratio is a better description of the goal of the firm. d. a and b . 27. Consider cash flows for Projects X and Y such as: Project X Project Y Year 1$3000 $0 Year 2$0$3000 A rational person would prefer receiving cash flows sooner because: a. the money can be reinvested . b. the money is nice to have around. c. the investor may be tired of a particular investment. d. the investor is indifferent to either proposal. 28. What is the chief disadvantage of the sole proprietorship as a form of business organization when compared to the corporate form? a. Sole proprietorships are subject to double taxation of profits. b. The cost of formation. c. Inadequate profit sharing. d. Owners have unlimited liability. 29. Which of the following is not true for limited partnerships? a. Limited partners can only manage the business . b. One general partner must exist who has unlimited liability. c. Only the name of general partners can appear in the name of the firm. d. Limited partners may sell their interest in the company. 30. In terms of organizational costs, which of the following sequences is correct, moving from lowest to highest cost? a. General partnership, sole proprietorship, limited partnership, corporation b. Sole proprietorship, general partnership, limited partnership, corporation c. Corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, sole proprietorship d. Sole proprietorship, general partnership, corporation, limited partnership 31. Coplon, Inc., an industrial firm, earned $180,000 in dividends in 1993 on their stock holding in the Finco Company. How much of the dividends are excluded from Coplon's taxable income? a. $27,000 b. None c. $126,000 d. $153,000 32. Which one of the following categories of owners enjoys limited liability? a. General partners in a limited partnership b. Shareholders (common stock) of a corporation c. Sole proprietors d. Both a & b 33. Which of the following is a characteristic of a limited partnership? a. It allows one or more partners to have limited liability. b. It requires one or more of the partners to be a general partner to whom the privilege of limited liability does not apply. c. It prohibits the limited partners from participating in the management of the partnership. d. all of the above . 34. Which of the following categories of owners have limited liability? a. General partners b. Sole proprietors c. Shareholders of a corporation d. Both a and b 35. Which of the statements below is true? a. The sole proprietorship and the general partnership both feature unlimited liability. b. It is very complicated (legally) to establish a corporation. c. No legal criterion exists for a general partnership. d. All of the above are true. 36. Which of the following types of business forms is the most ideal in terms of attracting new capital? a. Sole proprietorship b. Limited partnership c. General partnership d. A public corporation 37. Which forms of organization are free of initial legal requirements? a. Sole proprietorship b. General partnership c. Corporation d. Both a and b 38. For these types of organization, no distinction is made between business and personal assets. a. Sole proprietorship b. General partnership c. Limited partnership d. All of the above e. Both a and b 39. Which of the following is a significant disadvantage of a general partnership? a. The cost of forming it is high. . Each partner is fully responsible for the liabilities incurred by the partnership . c. There is a risk associated with the industry in which it operates. d. Forming the business is very complex. 40. Which of the following should be considered when assessing the financial impact of business decisions? a. The amount of projected earnings b. The riskreturn tradeoff c. The timing of projected earnings; i.e., when they are expected to occur d. The amount of the investment in a given project e. All of the above 41. Which of the following forms of business organization is the dominant economic force in the United States? a. The sole proprietorship b. The general partnership c. The limited partnership d. The joint venture e. The corporation 42. Which of the following reasons is most responsible for corporations being the most important form of business organization in the United States? a. Corporations have limited life. b. Stockholders have unlimited liability. c. Corporations are subject to less government regulation than the other forms of business organization. . Corporations have the ability to raise larger sums of capital than the other forms of business organization . e. Corporations are subjected to less taxation than the other forms of business organization. 43. How could you compensate an investor for taking on a significant amount of risk? a. Increase the expected rate of return . b. Raise more debt capital. c. Offer stock at a higher price. d. Increase sales. 44. Which of the following would be most likely to align the interests of managers and shareholders? a. Fixed but high salaries b. Large bonuses c. Stock options d. All of the above e. None of the above 45. What does the agency problem refer to? a. The conflict that exists between the board of directors and the employees of the firm b. The problem associated with financial managers and Internal Revenue agents c. The conflict that exists between stockbrokers and investors d. The problem that results from potential conflicts of interest between the manager of a business and the stockholders e. None of the above 46. A limited liability company (LLC) is: a. able to retain limited liability for owners. b.t axed like a corporation. c.a cross between a partnership and a corporation. d. a and c . e. all of the above. 47. Purchasing a security of a company that is issuing their stock for the first time publicly would be considered: a. a secondary market transaction. b. an initial public offering . c. a seasoned new issue. d. both a and b. 48. In measuring value, the focus should be on: a. cash flow . b. accounting profits. c. time value of money. d. earnings per share. 49. Which of the following is true regarding accounting profits? a. Received by the firm and reinvested b. Reflects money in hand c. Represents actual money received and paid out d. Equals cash in the bank 50. Which of the following statements is true regarding competitive markets? a. Large profits exist over the long run. b. Product differentiation produces insulation for competitors . c. Cost advantages attract new entrants. d. Both b and c. 51. Which of the following decrease new competition in competitive markets? a. Economies of scale b. Proprietary technology c. Product differentiation d. Both a and b e. All of the above 52. Cost advantages in competitive markets: a. have the potential to create large profits. b. deter new entrants from entering. c. can be created by economies of scale. d. all of the above. 53. Which of the following is a characteristic of an efficient market? a. Small number of individuals. b. Opportunities exist for investors to profit from publicly available information. c. Security prices reflect fair value of the firm . d. Immediate response occurs for new public information. 54. Diversification increases when ________ decreases. a. variability b. return c. risk d. a and c e. all of the above 55. IBM issuing new shares of common stock would be classified as: a. a new seasoned issue . b. an initial public offering. c. a secondary market transaction. d. a and b. 56. According to the agency problem, _________ represent the principals of a corporation. a. shareholders b. managers c. employees d. suppliers 57. The opening of new international markets to the U.S. can be attributed to: a. acceptance of a free market system by third world countries. b. regulation of U.S. industries. c. increase in information technology. d. a and . e. all of the above. ShortAnswer Questions 58. Briefly discuss mechanisms that can be used to align the interests of shareholders and managers. The interests of shareholders and managers can be aligned by setting up stock options, bonuses, and perquisites that are directly tied to how closely management decisions coincide with the interest of shareholders. 59. Briefly discuss why financial decision makers must focus on incremental cash flows when evaluating new projects. As per Principle 3: “Cash—Not Profits—Is King”, and Principle 4: “Incremental Cash Flows—It’s only what changes that counts, we should focus on free cash flows—that is, the incremental or different aftertax cash flows attributed to the investment proposal. We focus on cash flows rather than accounting profits, because these are the flows that the firm receives and can reinvest. Only by examining cash flows are we able to analyze the timing of the benefit or cost correctly. Also, we are only interested in these cash flows on an aftertax basis, as only those flows are available to the shareholder. In addition, it is only the incremental cash flows that interest us, because, looking at the project from the point of the company as a whole, the incremental cash flows are the marginal benefits from the project and, as such, are the increased value to the firm from accepting the project. 60. Discuss the risk/return tradeoff and how it relates to finance. The RiskReturn TradeOff states that investors demand a higher return for taking on additional risk; This riskreturn relationship will be a key concept as we value stocks, bonds, and proposed new projects because in Finance we learn that the higher the risk, the higher the return investors would require, and the lower the price of stocks and bonds. 61. Compare and contrast primary market and secondary market transactions as it relates to the flow of funds in the transactions. The proceeds from the sale in the primary market go to the corporation issuing the security. The proceeds from the sale in the secondary market go to the previous owner of the stock, not the corporation. 62. Discuss how new entrants are deterred from entering a competitive market. There are several things that can deter new entrants from entering a competitive market. If the market consists of a high level of product differentiation, new entrants are discouraged from entry. Price is no longer a factor in this type of market as consumers are focused on the “brand equity” of the products being sold. In addition, some competitive markets insulate their participants from new entrants through service and quality differentiation. Cost advantages through such things as economies of scale, proprietary technologies, or control of raw materials can also deter new entry in competitive markets. 63. What is incremental cash flow and how is it used in project analysis? Incremental cash flow represents the difference between the cash flows if a project is taken on versus what they will be if the project is not undertaken. When conducting project analysis, the focus should be on incremental cash flow. The concern is over “what is different” if the project is selected and how the project adds value to the firm.
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