Week 2 - Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal.doc
Week 2 - Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal.doc PRG211
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Date Created: 11/11/15
Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal Name C A 3 14 Date Instructor Name Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal Each year there are many bills that are introduced by law makers which all have to be voted in each phase of the legislation process in order to be considered whether to be signed into law or not My current employer has assigned me as a criminologist advisor to work with the Pennsylvania State legislation Together we will introduce a bill that would double the maximum sentencing for any offender who is convicted of armed robbery Members of Congress and State legislators create sentencing guidelines that judges use to ensure each person is sentenced equally without any discrimination sentencing guidelines 2011 According to the Uniform Crime Reporting UCR Program a violent crime is any crime that involves force or threat of force to others Department of Justice 2006 The four offenses which make up a violent crime are as follows aggravated assault robbery forcible rape and murder According to the Pennsylvania Uniform Crime Reporting System in 2008 there were 18751 reported robbery offenses which is equivalent to 51 per day or one every 28 minutes and 2 seconds PA UCRS 2008 The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania s prison terms for armed robbery currently recommends the following for violent crimes for the first offense of a violent crime a minimum of five years for a second offense of a violent crime a minimum of 10 years and for the third offense of a violent crime a minimum of 25 years total confinement or life imprisonment which is accordance with 42 Pa CS 97l4 Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing 2008 Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal By introducing a bill to recommend doubling the sentencing for violent crime offenders we hope that this will reduce recidivism rates by keeping these offenders from being able to commit other crimes This will send a strong message to those who are considering committing these crimes to think about the serious consequences they will face if caught and convicted In 2006 Italy conducted a study pertaining to the Collective Clemency Bill This bill allowed all inmates that had three years left on their sentence to be let free There was a stipulation to this If the prisoner was convicted of another crime within a five year time frame then they would have the three years added to their new sentence Studies showed that increasing the sentence by 50 should reduce recidivism rates by about 35 in seven months CrimePunishment 2010 Of course by recommending this there are concerns about the cost of housing and feeding the inmates along with overcrowding issues There are some benefits to the bill being passed to double the maximum prison term for those who are convicted of armed robbery Receiving a longer prison sentence will help lower the recidivism rates of repeat offenders This over a period of time would help reduce the population in overcrowded prisons The criminals would have more time behind bars to keep them from committing future crimes and concentrate on rehabilitating them Longer prison sentences may be a deterrent for some offenders Robbery is one of the main violent crimes which are being committed in Pennsylvania The longer sentence imposed on the offenders could lower the rate of armed robbery however this may increase other crimes If the bill were passed this could provide some extra positions such as corrections officers With everything there are always pros and cons which lead to the disadvantages to the bill being passed Pennsylvania prisons are like any other prison system in other states they are Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal overcrowded By imposing longer sentences this will contribute even more to the problem In June 2010 the current prison population was 51281 however the occupational bed capacity of the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections is only 43872 PADOC 2010 The cost to house an inmate in Pennsylvania Department of Corrections is 69 per day Barnes 2010 So this would increase the amount of money needed in the yearly budget to feed and house each one The state may have to consider building new facilities to house more inmates Building more prisons would require the need for more employees to operate those prisons which also is going to have an effect on the prison budget The tax payers may not be willing to vote for a tax increase to fund these problems Other crimes rates may increase because offenders may commit petty crimes that are known to carry a shorter sentence or probation If the bill is passed it would not required that judges sentence those convicted of the crime to the maximum sentence but allow them to have that option after considering the mitigating and aggravating circumstances that were involved during the commission of that crime The bill could be beneficial to the criminal justice system and everyone involved because there would be stricter sentencing for the first offense rather than having to wait until the second or even third offense which could save lives Pennsylvania legislature should carefully review statistics and take into consideration how this bill passing or not passing will have an impact on the Commonwealth as a whole My personal recommendation would be that it would not be in the best interest to double the maximum sentence for those convicted of a violent crime Evidence from previous studies shows that approximately 50 of people convicted of armed robbery are going to reoffend This incarcerates them back to the criminal justice system With one offense already committed they Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal Will receive a longer sentence for the second offense This also gives those Who are capable of being rehabilitated to have the chance to prove themselves Without having to spend an extra 10 years in prison References gt Barnes T 2010 PostGazette Pa sentencing guidelines eyed Retrieved from httpWWWDostgazettecomDgl00021025303454stm gt CrimePunishment 2010 Do stiffer sentences act as a crime deterrent Retrieved from httpcrimeaboutcomodpreventadeterrencehtm gt Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing 2008 Retrieved from httppcslapsueduguidelinessentencingsentencing statutesandprogramsrelated statutesmandatogminimumsentencesSentMandMin122008pdf gt Pennsylvania Department of Corrections 2010 Monthly population report June 2010Retrieved from httpWWWcorstatepausportalserverptcommunityresearch statistics10669month 1y population reports568195 gt Pennsylvania Uniform Crime Reporting System 2008 Annual Report Robbery Retrieved from htt ucr s state ausUCRRe ortin AnnualAnnualFramesas ear2008 Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal
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