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Exam 3 Study Guide

by: Victoria Notetaker

Exam 3 Study Guide BIOL 2311

Victoria Notetaker

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Study Guide for the provided exam material
Anatomy and Physiology II
Dr. Al Dahwi
Study Guide
BIOL 2311
50 ?




Popular in Anatomy and Physiology II

Popular in Biology

This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Victoria Notetaker on Tuesday March 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 2311 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Dr. Al Dahwi in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 237 views. For similar materials see Anatomy and Physiology II in Biology at University of Texas at El Paso.


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Date Created: 03/29/16
EXAM 3 1. NOT A LOT OF CONTENT BUT IT IS A LOT OF MATERIAL A. Some needed memorization 2. CHAPTER 4: TISSUE: THE LIVING FABRIC A. Cartilage (pg. 133-135) i. Key Terms: 1. Cartilage 2. Chondroblasts 3. Chondrocytes 4. Hyaline Cartilage 5. Articular cartilage 6. Epiphyseal plates 7. Elastic cartilage 8. Fibrocartilage ii. Know what fiber types each cartilage is composed of iii. Know the different types of growth 3. CHAPTER 6: BONES AND SKELETAL TISSUES (PG. 173- 188) A. 6.1 Hyaline, elastic, and fibrocartilage help form the skeleton (pg. 173- 175 i. Key Terms: 1. Skeletal cartilage 2. Cartilage tissue 3. Perichondrium 4. Chondrocytes 5. Hyaline cartilage 6. Articular cartilage 7. Costal cartilage 8. Respiratory cartilage 9. Nasal cartilage 10. Elastic cartilage 11. Fibrocartilage 12. Appositional cartilage 13. Interstitial cartilage ii. Know what fiber types each cartilage is composed of iii. Know the different types of growth B. 6.4 The gross structure of all bones consists of compact bone sandwiching spongy bone (pg. 175-183) i. Not including bone markings and bone lining cells ii. Key Terms: 1. Compact bone 2. Spongy bone 3. Trabeculae 4. Diploe 5. Diaphysis 6. Medullary cavity 7. Yellow marrow cavity 8. Marrow cavity 9. Epiphysis 10. Epiphyseal line 11. Epiphyseal plate 12. Metaphysis 13. Membranes 14. Periosteum 15. Fibrous layer 16. Osteogenic layer 17. Osteogenic cells 18. Nutrient foramen 19. Perforating fibers 20. Endosteum 21. Red marrow 22. Red marrow cavities 23. Osteoprogenitor cells 24. Osteoblasts 25. Osteoid 26. Osteocytes 27. Osteoclasts 28. Osteon 29. Haversian system 2 30. Lamella 31. Lamellar bone 32. Central canal 33. Haversian canal 34. Perforating canals 35. Volkmann’s canal 36. Lacunae 37. Canaliculi 38. Interstitial lamella 39. Circumferential lamella 40. Sacrificial bonds 41. Hydroxyapatites 42. Mineral salts iii. Know the functions of the cells iv. Know the layout of the osteon C. 6.5 Bones develop either by intramembranous or endochondral ossification (pg. 183-187) i. Key terms: 1. Ossification 2. Osteogenesis 3. Bone growth 4. Bone remodeling 5. Endochondral ossification 6. Intramembranous ossification 7. Primary ossification center 8. Secondary ossification centers 9. Intramembranous ossification 10. Mesenchymal cells 11. Growth hormone ii. Know the processes Dr. Al-Dawhi sent to student UTEP emails iii. Know how compact and spongy bones form iv. Know how each growth type contributes to the process v. Endochondral ossification from Dr. Al-Dawhi email summary D. 6.6 Bone remodeling involves bone deposit and removal (pg. 187-188) i. Not including Homeostatic imbalance 6.1 ii. Key Terms: 1. Bone remodeling 2. Remodeling units 3 3. Bone deposit 4. Osteoid seam 5. Calcification front 6. Alkaline phosphatase 7. Osteoclasts 8. Bone resorption 9. Secreting protons 10. Lysosomal enzymes 11. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) 12. Calcitonin iii. Know the negative feedback mechanism of PTH iv. Know the control of remodeling 4


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