Sociology; Chapter 1 Outline
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexandra Grese on Monday January 26, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to a course at Ohio State University taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 20 views.
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Date Created: 01/26/15
Alexandra Grese Chapter Ten Outline Global Stratification and Classification 0 Global inequality some nations have more resources than others I Functionalst why do we have it what purpose does it serve I Con ict focus on inequality and the powerful exploiting the less powerful I Symbolic daytoday impact and the meaning people assign to it 0 Global stratification I Definition unequal distribution of resources among nations Gaps between nations Gaps within nations Can be economic or social prejudice discrimination 0 Global classification I Just because a country is poorer doesn t mean it s inferior Cold War Terminology 0 First second third world country based on econ development and standard of living 0 Fourth stigmatized minority denied political voice everywhere prisoners homeless Noblesse oblige first world responsibility 0 Help the worse off I Wallerstein World Systems Approach Economic basis to understand global inequality global econ a hierarch Subordinate at a disadvantage Core Nations 0 Dominant capitalist highly industrialized and urbanized 0 North American Free Trade Agreement an example of how nation can get advantage Peripheral little industrialization outdated Semiperipheral in between can t dictate policy but major source for raw materials I World Bank Economic Classification by Income Source for global econ data GNI gross national income all goods and services net income earned outside country 0 Part of US if headquarters in US 0 Highincome middleincome and low income I High Capital ight movement of capital from one country to another 0 Ex moving factories to Mexico Deindustrialization no new jobs opening to take place of those lost when moved factories to Mexico I Middle Debt accumulation happens when borrowing money from other nations to expand and grow 0 Global markets sometimes reduce the value of their goods I Low Global feminization more women today are affected by poverty than men 0 More likely to go hungry 0 Less likely to receive aid 0 More likely to be stuck taking care of family when husband leaves Global Wealth and Poverty 0 Type of poverty I Relative can afford necessities but not standard of living I Absolute lack of basic necessities less than a dollar a dayquot World Bank I subjective income doesn t meet expectations and perceptions how a person family defines selves 0 Who are the impoverish I Africa Where most of the poor countries are 0 Availability of farmable land lack of rain stripped of resources by colonialization civil wars inadequate government I Asia Most of world s poorest people Japan and S Korea gt Indonesia and Cambodia China s marketoriented reforms have helped reduce poverty but all still feel effects of global recession I Latin America Improved lately due to investment in education High risk speculative investment High interest rate Internal political struggles drug trafficking corrupt gov 0 Consequences of Poverty I Consequences also cause Inadequate health care limited education inaccessible birth control I Neckerman and Torche Why it happens Sedimentation of global inequality 0 Once poverty happens it s hard to reverse Effects on mental and physical health Prevalence of crime 0 Slavery I Chattel slavery one person owns another as property Ex child prostitutes I Debt bondage bonded labor pledge self in exchange for necessities Can only ever get by never ahead Theoretical Perspectives on Global Stratification o Modernization Theory I Low income countries can improve econ by Adjusting cultural values and attitudes to work Industrialization and other forms of econ growth I Assumes all countries have the resources means to get better and that they want to be like core countries ethnocentric bias 0 Dependency Theory I Core nations exploit little guys and make them need them They and World Bank choose which counties to give loans I Encourages core nations to make more peripheral ones allies puts them on the same team meaning core nations have an interest in making sure they fair okay
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