Iran Lecture Notes
Iran Lecture Notes PSCI 1024
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lian Joseph on Tuesday March 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSCI 1024 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Charles Taylor in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Comparative Government and Politics in Political Science at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
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Can you just teach this course please? lol :)
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Date Created: 03/29/16
3/34/16 Iran A complex political system o Iran’s political system combines elements of democracy and religion. Institutions controlled by the Supreme Leader are balanced by an elected president Majles o Iran’s legislation; unicameral o 290 members with four year terms, elected by the people o Must vote confidence in ministers Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Public Prosecutor Revolutionary Courts Clerical Courts Public Courts Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini Developed concept o Velayate Faqih Faqih has absolute authority derived from Allah Has power over all decisions Head of armed forces Sole power to declare war 19 Lectures First Supreme Leader of Iran Oversee all aspects of the government Assembly of Experts 86 religious scholars Elects (and dismisses) the Faqih Guardian Council 12 jurists, six are appointed by the Faqih; six elected by the Majles Must approve all legislation coming from the Majles Must agree to all candidates for the legislature Presidency Elected by universal suffrage for 4 year term with one reelection The highest state authority after the Supreme Leader Holds executive power Determines government policy Selects and dismisses ministers All presidents since the Iranian Revolution have been supporters of the regime President Khatami (19972005) Reformist President Advocate of freedom of expression, civil society, and economic liberalism Successful economic reconstruction Advocate of dialogue of civilizations Faced vivid resistance from clerics and conservatives President Ahmadinejad (20062013) Controversial figure Not a member of the Ulama Emphasizes needs of the poor Economy in a mess, highest budget deficit Supporter of the Nuclear Program Faced Iranian Green Revolution o Young people began to protest President Hassan Rouhani (2014 ) In 2013 Hassan Rouhani, leader of the Moderation and Development Party, won by a landslide Like most other Presidents he’s considered a member of the ulama Campaigned with moderate stand on domestic affairs Hardliners Want to redistribute incomes more fairly (social justice) Are obsessed with religious and social dogma and antiWesternism Conservative Favor an economic opening to the West, if it supports local business interests. Pragmatists/Reformists Want to concentrate on economic growth (called capitalism) Favor some reduction of social and economic resolutions Iran is not unidimensional Distinction between Government Politics and People’s opinion Literacy Rate Higher Education Clothing Research
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