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Chapter 22 Quiz Terms

by: Jess Snider

Chapter 22 Quiz Terms Hy 104

Jess Snider

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The quiz terms with full definitions for the Chapter 22 quiz for the week of 3/28/16
American history after 1865
Kari frederickson
Study Guide
HY104, Chapter 22, WWII
50 ?




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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jess Snider on Tuesday March 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Hy 104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Kari frederickson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 105 views. For similar materials see American history after 1865 in Art at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 03/29/16
Chapter 22 Quiz Terms  Four Freedoms: paintings by the magazine illustrator Norman Rockwell; represented the essential human freedoms which were freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom  from want, and freedom from fear; Roosevelt’s statement of Allied aims  Good Neighbor Policy: a policy which give the United States the right to intervene  militarily in the internal affairs of Latin American countries  Isolationism: 1930s version of Americans’ long­standing desire to avoid foreign  entanglements   Neutrality Acts: policies passed by congress in hope that the United States would avoid  conflicts over freedom if the seas; banned travel on belligerents’ ships and the sale of  arms to countries at war  “Arsenal of Democracy”: Roosevelt’s decision to provide Britain and China with  military supplies in their fight against Germany and Japan  Lend­Lease Act: Authorized military aid so long as countries promised somehow to  return it all after the war; allowed the U.S. to funnel billions of dollars’ worth of arms to  Britain and China as well as the Soviet Union  Bataan “death march”: Japanese soldiers forced 78,00 American and Filipino troops to  lay down their arms (largest surrender in American military history), thousands perished  on the “death march” to a prisoner of war camp  D­Day: nearly 200,000 American, British, and Canadian soldiers under the command of  General Eisenhower landed in Normandy in Northwestern France; most massive sea­land operation  Holocaust: the culmination of the Nazi belief that Germans constituted a “master race”  destined to rule the world; the mass extermination of undesirable people such as Slavs,  gypsies, homosexuals and especially Jews  Rosie the Riveter: the female industrial laborer depicted as muscular and self­reliant in  Norman Rockwell’s famous magazine cover; glorified the independent woman  GI Bill of Rights: aimed at rewarding members of the armed forces for their service and  preventing the widespread unemployment and economic disruption that had followed  WWI  “patriotic assimilation”: millions of Americans moved out of urban ethnic  neighborhoods and isolated rural enclaves into the army and industrial plants where they  came into contact with people of different backgrounds  Bracero program:  allowed tens of thousands of contract laborers crossed into the  United States to take up jobs as domestic and agricultural workers  Zoot suit riots: club­wielding sailors and policemen attacked Mexican­American youths  wearing flamboyant clothing on the streets of L.A.  Executive Order 9066: ordered the relocation of all Japanese descent from the West  Coast  Korematsu v. United States: Supreme Court denied the appeal of Fred Korematsu, a  Japanese­American citizen who had been arrested for refusing to present himself for  internment  Second Great Migration: the war spurred the movement of black population from the  rural South to the cities of the North and West that resembled the Great Migration of  WWI and the 1920s  Executive Order 8802: banned discrimination in defense jobs and established a Fair  Employment Practices Commission (FEPC) to monitor compliance; hailed as a new  Emancipation Proclamation  “Double V”: symbolize black attitudes during the war; victory over Germany and Japan  must be accompanied by victory over segregation at home  Manhattan Project: top secret program in which American scientists developed an  atomic bomb during WWI  Yalta Conference: war time conference held in Yalta where FDR, Stalin, and Churchill  attended to agree on the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany and its occupation  status of Poland  Breton Woods Conference: meeting of Western allies to establish a postwar  international economic order to avoid crises like the one that create WWII; led to the  creation of IIMF and the World Bank  United Nations: international body formed to bring nations into dialogue in hopes of  preventing further world wars; guaranteed veto power to all permanent members of its  security council  Atlantic Charter: secret meeting between FDR and Churchill that discussed the wat;  public statement expressed their ideas of a postwar world


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