Chapter 22 Quiz Terms
Chapter 22 Quiz Terms Hy 104
Popular in American history after 1865
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Art
This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jess Snider on Tuesday March 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Hy 104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Kari frederickson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 105 views. For similar materials see American history after 1865 in Art at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
Reviews for Chapter 22 Quiz Terms
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/29/16
Chapter 22 Quiz Terms Four Freedoms: paintings by the magazine illustrator Norman Rockwell; represented the essential human freedoms which were freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want, and freedom from fear; Roosevelt’s statement of Allied aims Good Neighbor Policy: a policy which give the United States the right to intervene militarily in the internal affairs of Latin American countries Isolationism: 1930s version of Americans’ longstanding desire to avoid foreign entanglements Neutrality Acts: policies passed by congress in hope that the United States would avoid conflicts over freedom if the seas; banned travel on belligerents’ ships and the sale of arms to countries at war “Arsenal of Democracy”: Roosevelt’s decision to provide Britain and China with military supplies in their fight against Germany and Japan LendLease Act: Authorized military aid so long as countries promised somehow to return it all after the war; allowed the U.S. to funnel billions of dollars’ worth of arms to Britain and China as well as the Soviet Union Bataan “death march”: Japanese soldiers forced 78,00 American and Filipino troops to lay down their arms (largest surrender in American military history), thousands perished on the “death march” to a prisoner of war camp DDay: nearly 200,000 American, British, and Canadian soldiers under the command of General Eisenhower landed in Normandy in Northwestern France; most massive sealand operation Holocaust: the culmination of the Nazi belief that Germans constituted a “master race” destined to rule the world; the mass extermination of undesirable people such as Slavs, gypsies, homosexuals and especially Jews Rosie the Riveter: the female industrial laborer depicted as muscular and selfreliant in Norman Rockwell’s famous magazine cover; glorified the independent woman GI Bill of Rights: aimed at rewarding members of the armed forces for their service and preventing the widespread unemployment and economic disruption that had followed WWI “patriotic assimilation”: millions of Americans moved out of urban ethnic neighborhoods and isolated rural enclaves into the army and industrial plants where they came into contact with people of different backgrounds Bracero program: allowed tens of thousands of contract laborers crossed into the United States to take up jobs as domestic and agricultural workers Zoot suit riots: clubwielding sailors and policemen attacked MexicanAmerican youths wearing flamboyant clothing on the streets of L.A. Executive Order 9066: ordered the relocation of all Japanese descent from the West Coast Korematsu v. United States: Supreme Court denied the appeal of Fred Korematsu, a JapaneseAmerican citizen who had been arrested for refusing to present himself for internment Second Great Migration: the war spurred the movement of black population from the rural South to the cities of the North and West that resembled the Great Migration of WWI and the 1920s Executive Order 8802: banned discrimination in defense jobs and established a Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC) to monitor compliance; hailed as a new Emancipation Proclamation “Double V”: symbolize black attitudes during the war; victory over Germany and Japan must be accompanied by victory over segregation at home Manhattan Project: top secret program in which American scientists developed an atomic bomb during WWI Yalta Conference: war time conference held in Yalta where FDR, Stalin, and Churchill attended to agree on the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany and its occupation status of Poland Breton Woods Conference: meeting of Western allies to establish a postwar international economic order to avoid crises like the one that create WWII; led to the creation of IIMF and the World Bank United Nations: international body formed to bring nations into dialogue in hopes of preventing further world wars; guaranteed veto power to all permanent members of its security council Atlantic Charter: secret meeting between FDR and Churchill that discussed the wat; public statement expressed their ideas of a postwar world
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'