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Sociology Chapter 9

by: valerie zaid

Sociology Chapter 9 SOC 10000 - 016

valerie zaid

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study Guide sociology 100 chapter 9
Introductory Sociology
Dan M Weiss
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by valerie zaid on Tuesday March 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 10000 - 016 at Purdue University taught by Dan M Weiss in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Purdue University.

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Date Created: 03/29/16
Sociology Exam II Study Guide Chapter 9-Race:  Race: a group of people who share a set of characteristics – usually physical ones – and are said to share a common bloodline  Racism: belief that members of separate races possess different and unequal human traits  Social construction of race o Many scholars believe we belong to one human race which originated in Africa o Migration, geographical separation, and inbreeding led to the formation of more or less distinct races o Humanity has experienced so much intermixing that race as a biological category has lost meaning o Sociologists use the term “race” because perceptions of race affect the lives of most people profoundly  Concept of race o Many historical efforts to explain race we biased due to ethnocentrism (the judgment of other groups by one’s own standards and values) o Social Darwinism, another 19 century theory, was notion that some groups or races evolved more than others were better fit to survive and even rule other races o Eugenics: idea that you basically can breath in or out ideas that you don’t want o One-drop rule: belief that “one drop” of black blood makes a person black. o Miscegenation is the technical term for multiracial marriage o DNA testing is used to determine people’s racial makeup  Racial realities o Racialization: formation of a new racial identity in which new ideological boundaries of difference are drawn around a formerly unnoticed group of people  Race versus ethnicity o Race: imposed hierarchical, exclusive, and unequal o Ethnicity: voluntary, self-defined, nonhierarchical, fluid, cultural and not so closely linked with power differences o Symbolic ethnicity is ethnicity that is individualistic in nature and without real social cost for the individual  Pluralism is the context of race and ethnicity, refers to the presence and engaged coexistence of numerous distinct groups in one society, with no one group being the majority  Segregation is the legal or social practice of separating people on the basis of their race or ethnicity (It was illegal for over 40 years, there is still sample evidence)  4 group responses to oppression: withdrawal, passing, acceptance, and resistance  prejudice: negative thoughts and feelings about an ethnic or racial group  discrimination: harmful or negative acts against people deemed inferior on the basis of their racial category  A wealth gap exists between whites and minority groups in America that has historical roots and that cannot be overcome simply through income equality.  The 2000 census created separate categories for race and ethnicity and for the first time allowed people to check off more than one box for racial identity. These changes have given us a better idea of the diversity of the American population  Expulsion: forcible removal of a population from a territory claimed by another population 2  Genocide: intentional extermination of an entire population defined as a race or a people  Congress passed an act prohibiting the immigration of lunatics, idiots and Chinese  Chinese Americans have experienced considerable upward mobility in the past half century  The most frequent victims of hate crimes are African Americans 3


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