Diversity Issues Exam #2 Study Guide
****make sure to study previous quizzes and notes***
Who is Sonia Sotomayor? She is the first Hispanic woman that President Obama nominated to be the Supreme Court justice.
According to the author what is the primary factor in school shootings? Masculinity All school shooting perpetrators have been what? (think gender/sex) white males
What is “the most powerful source of stigma” for adolescent boys? Being labeled gay
What are the principles of feminism? Compromises doctrine of equal rights for women and an ideology for women’s liberation from patriarchy. Women of color do not always have the same concerns or perspective of a white feminist. You cannot simply “add and stir women.” Third world feminism is also another layer of view of women.
Define essentialism? The belief in inherent qualities, an unchaning and indispensable quality (biological essentialism). Gender is a social construction, a process through which gender is “done” or performed through interactions through other people. Essentialism homogenizes a group of people. It denies differences and diversity within a group of people (women, blacks, the poor)
Define paternalism? View the women need protection and are not full responsible for their actions
Define misogyny? Organized hostility and violence towards women
Who are the victims of most female killers? Males (most likely before their death, women had been abused by them)
How much do women make for every dollar men make? 80 cents Are the majority of offenders male or female? Male
Define gender roles. They are the socially scripted or appropriate behaviors for males and females and they have traditionally reflected patriarchal values that have reserved for men in public power and control of women We also discuss several other topics like What functions outside absorption and secretion do simple squamous and columnar have?
If you want to learn more check out What is innate or natural immunity?
Define patriarchy. Refers to those societies organized around male privilege or hierarchy
Purpose of Row v wade. Legalized abortion.
Define sex. Biological differences including differences in reproductive organs, body size, muscle development, and hormones.
Define gender. Ascribed by society and that relate to expected social roles like “clothing/wages”
Masculine and Feminine gender roles are based on what type of expectations. Expectations from society.
What study did Victor Rios publish? He talks about treatment of the criminalization of urban and marginalized male street youths and their resistance to the cultural mainstream inside and outside the criminal justice system. He focuses on black and latino boys. What actually defines masculine? It leads to violence. He talks about intellectual strength vs. physical strength. (dominance).
Define sexism. Beliefs and social relations holding that men are superior to women.
Define chivalry. Reluctance to inflect harm on a woman and also the unwillingness to believe that women could posses criminal intent Don't forget about the age old question of What is the importance of hund's rule?
Define Phallocentrism. Social construct that make men the focus of law and meaning
Define misandry. Hatred for men
19th Amendment. Gave women the right to vote.
15th Amendment. Gave African American males the right to vote. What % of women are incarcerated (Box 6.1) 7
Which 3 factors does the book discuss in terms of intersectionality? Class, race, and gender
What is the purpose in recognizing privilege? It is important to see other people’s perspectives. For the social workers, one of their statements is to be able to understand diversity and oppression. It should not focus on the “isms”. Using isms blames the individual, rather than the culture.
Who are more likely to support the death penalty according to the text? Whites, wealthier people, males, republicans, and westerners
Who are more likely to oppose the death penalty according to the text? Blacks, poorer people, females, democrats, and southerners We also discuss several other topics like What is longitudinal?
Black women’s studies originated from what book? I am so sorry but I could not find this answer. I looked everywhere.
A person with Privilege makes them see inequalities as what? Natural and blinds people to many social dynamics.
Loving v. Virginia Made interracial marriage legal.
Define discrimination. A negative act on the basis of prejudice or a stereotype. (denying someone a job)
Minorities in the political sphere. Continue to be underreported in politics. Voter registration/participation is lower among minorities. 86% are white legislators while 90% are white staff. Also the Hispanic voting is growing Don't forget about the age old question of What is the purpose of myofibrils?
Minorities in toxic physical environments. There is air pollution (affects nervous system and breathing –asthma.) Workplace exposure could have poisonous materials that can affect your health. To get a better working environment, African Americans have shown the greatest increase in education. 3/5 African Americans and hispanics live in uncontrolled toxic sites. We also discuss several other topics like Homologous chromosomes are what?
Has there been coerced sterilization in the U.S. and if so, who was affected. Yes. Women of color.