PSY210-Week-9-Final Project-Case Study
PSY210-Week-9-Final Project-Case Study
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Date Created: 11/12/15
Final Project – Case Study 1 FINAL PROJECT CASE STUDY YOUR NAME HERE AXIA COLLEGE OF UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX Final Project – Case Study 2 1. What are the causes of stress in Michael’s or Jennifer’s life? Jennifer is undergoing a great deal of pressure and stress in her home and family life. The death of a parent, the aging and possible debilitation of the remaining parent, trying to get pregnant, a miscarriage and the high hopes of her husband and in laws has overwhelmed her. She is probably a TypeA personality and takes great pride in her work, so the added pressures at home affecting her work, is very problematic to her. 1b. How is stress affecting Michael’s or Jennifer’s health? The stress in Jennifer’s life probably contributed to her miscarriage. Stress and pregnancy both take it’s toll on the body in similar ways, IE: elevated blood pressure, headaches, back ache, sleeplessness, forgetfulness. Being pregnant and under so much stress at the same time was too much for Jennifer’s body to handle. Losing the baby added additional stress with trying to please her husband and inlaws. The additional stress only caused the psychosomatic pains and illness to worsen. 2. How are these stressors impacting Michael’s or Jennifer’s selfconcept and self esteem? Jennifer had always taken great pride in doing her job meticulously and exceptionally. With the added stressors, she has been making more and more errors, thus impacting her self esteem negatively. Prior to the additional stress, Jennifer was always someone people could count on to do the job and do it well. The added stress has caused her to make more and more mistakes and not live up to her reputation. 2 Final Project – Case Study 3 Jennifer has always seen herself as a good daughter, a good wife and a good worker. All of these have been threatened with the additional stress. She feels that she has failed as a daughter both to her father and her inlaws. With having to put her father in a nursing facility, when he clearly doesn’t wish to go, makes her feel that she has let him down, even though she is acting in his best interests. Her in laws are placing great pressure on her to conceive a grandchild and since she lost the first child and hasn’t been able to conceive again, she feels that she has let them down also. Losing the baby and not being able to conceive again, has also made her question her abilities as a wife. All of this stress combined has made her job suffer and caused her to think she is not a good worker either. 3. How might Michael’s or Jennifer’s situation illustrate adjustment? Jennifer’s life has changed rapidly over the past 4 years She has gotten married, moved, started a new job, lost a parent, face a serious illness of another parent and had a miscarriage. All of these by themselves are major life events and each requires a certain amount of adjustment to cope with the new situation. Because oal of thes events happened in a very short time, Jennifer hasn’t had the time to adjust to one event before the next event occurs. Her body has reacted to the adjustment and elevated the stress levels by sending out signals of illness. 3 Final Project – Case Study 4 3b. How might this situation become an opportunity for personal growth? By using these situations as opportunities for growth, Jennifer could overcome the stress and psychosomatic illnesses she is experiencing. She could speak to her husband and discuss the extra pressures that his parents are putting on her to conceive a grandchild. By not concentrating on trying to conceive, she might relax and be more likely to conceive. Jennifer also might look into working from home. This way, she could possibly take care of her ailing father herself, not worry about the commute to work, and have less stress associated with her job and her parent. 4. What defensive coping methods is Michael or Jennifer using? Jennifer isn’t using very many defensive coping methods. She is suppressing her feelings about the things that are causing her stress and not conveying them to the people that could help her through these times, like her husband or possibly her father or even work. 4b. What active coping methods might be healthier for Michael or Jennifer to use? Explain why you would recommend these methods. The best active coping method that Jennifer could use would be in talking to a person she trusts such as her husband. By sharing her fears and stress with her husband, Jennifer will immediately start to feel better because she has internalized so much of her stress. 4 Final Project – Case Study 5 Another method she could use would be to learn some relaxation techniques. By doing muscular relaxation exercises, breathing exercises, meditation or prayer, swimming, or just listening to music, Jennifer might find that she is less stressed. If she could just find ten minutes a day to do some relaxation techniques, she would see positive results immediately. I think that by using the two coping methods I mentioned, Jennifer will have lessoned her stress considerably because she will no longer have to bear the weight of the stress herself. She will also lower her blood pressure and begin to regain her healt. 5. Select one theory of personality and use this theory to tell Michael or Jennifer how this theory explains his or her situation. Jennifer’s body is unconsciously making her body ill. Her subconscious mind is worrying about not being able to get pregnant and disappointing her family, co workers and not being a good mom. Her conscious mind is aware of the mistakes being made, the need to do a better job at work and at home and to please her husband and parents. Jennifer’s superego is not allowing her to take direct action to the real problems she is facing. Her Superego is causing Jennifer to be at war with her morals and values because she wants to be a good wife and mother and has yet to be able to achieve that in her 5 Final Project – Case Study 6 mind’s eye. She views herself as a failure in those areas because of losing the baby and not being able to conceive another. The reality of it is that she is not able to conceive because she is too worried and stressed about the situation. Her Superego will not let her come to terms with what is really happening. 6. In what stage of development is Michael or Jennifer and what factors about this stage might be impacting his or her perspective of this situation? Jennifer is in her Young Adult stage of development. This is a big factor in her perspective because of the fear of failure. At this stage, identity versus role is fading, but still has some value here. The threat of not knowing if you are capable of having another child or taking care of your ailing parent are huge factors in this stage of development. Feeling complete and worthwhile are necessary to having a healthy midlife stage, so by having a great deal of stress and trauma at this stage is detrimental to Jennifer having a happy and mentally healthy future going forward. It is imperative that she seeks to relax and mentally healthy. By having an unbalanced stage at this early in her life Jennifer could be facing some pretty bleak Middle Adulthood years. Balance is the key to fitting in and making a healthy and happy existence. 7. What relationship factors or considerations might be influencing Michael’s or Jennifer’s problems? 6 Final Project – Case Study 7 The lack of several relationship factors is influencing Jennifer’s problems. The first is trust. She doesn’t trust her husband enough to let him know what is bothering her even when he asks. If she doesn’t tell him, she will be bearing the burden alone. Expressiveness is another key factor that is not present on Jennifer’s side. She is not telling Antonio what is bothering her, so therefore she is not expressing her wants and needs to him, shutting him out. Antonio on the other hand, should be focusing on togetherness, saying power and security factors in order to keep Jennifer happy and less stressed so that she can have the support that will open her up to sharing and expressing her feelings and needs to him. 7
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