PSY 270 DSM-IV Problems--Appendix G
PSY 270 DSM-IV Problems--Appendix G
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Date Created: 11/12/15
PSY 270 Axia College Material Appendix G The DSMIV The DSMIV is an important tool for clinicians It provides a standard for diagnoses to be standardized across psychology however the DSMIV is not as precise for diagnosing personality disorders as some psychologists would like Give an example of each of the following problems identified in your readings and explain how these problems could negatively affect a diagnosis 1 Some criteria used for reaching a diagnosis cannot be observed directly When it comes to diagnosing personality disorders the DSMIV has been criticized for a lack of reliability The clinician diagnoses personality disorders based upon information received by a patient or other significant individuals involved with the patient but in fact the patient may be making up symptoms or even presenting biased information about their own symptoms which would make the DSMIV diagnosis unreliable The lack of direct observation could result in a misdiagnosis or misinterpretation of symptoms Personality disorders can be similar to each other Often a person is diagnosed with more than one personality disorder because the symptoms seem to be interrelated when it comes to personality disorders according to the DSMIV The fact that the symptoms for each personality disorder are so similar makes it hard to diagnose a person with one single type of personality disorder because of the broad range of symptoms given for each personality disorder according to the DSMIV People with different personalities can be given the same diagnosis All people are different which means that symptoms can vary from person to person The DSMIV does not cater to a variety of different personalities which leaves little room for individualism An individual s personality can greatly affect what is normal or abnormal when it comes to evaluating symptoms for a diagnosis and the fact that the DSMIV does not take this into account can leave room for misdiagnosis of symptoms One good example that is comparable to this situation would be the diagnosis of mental retardation A low score on an IQ test is one of the symptoms of mental retardation according to the DSMIV The IQ test itself is geared towards middle to upper class society which means that lower class individuals are at a direct disadvantage even though they may be just as intelligent in other ways street smart vs book smart So although there is a clear difference between uppermiddle class intelligence versus lower class intelligence the IQ test does not cater towards a certain type of intelligence but rather a generalized view of intelligence Do you think that personality disorders are true mental illnesses Why or why not I do believe that personality disorders are true mental illnesses because some of the causal factors such as genetics or brain abnormalities cannot be controlled by the individual which PSY 270 renders them helpless to their condition Personality disorders can also negatively affect a person s quality of life or the quality of life of those close to them so it should be recognized as a mental illness as a safety measure as well Reference American Psychiatric Association 1994 Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 4th ed Washington DC Author PSY 270
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