REL 134 Week 2 DQ 3
REL 134 Week 2 DQ 3
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Date Created: 11/12/15
REL 134 Week 2 DQ3 What do the terms brahman atman maya karma samsara and moksha mean How do these terms relate to each other in Hindu teachings Molloy 2010 states that the word Brahman originally was a reference to the divine power in Vedic chants and sacri ces The Brahman priest had no control over this cosmic power The Upanishads expanded the meaning of Brahman to mean a divine reality at the center of all things The Upanishads also state that the Brahman can be known personally and not only believed in Brahman can be called a god that appears in in nite forms Molloy 2010 The word Atman can be translated to mean the deepest self or subtle self This is the soul in Hindu belief every person has one according to Hindu and this individual soul gives the people their uniqueness and personality Molloy 2010 In the Upanishads the term maya is a reference to the world and can be translated to the English world illusion The root of the term means mystery and illusion a reference to Hindu magic but also a more objective and positive translation that means the material the world is made of Some people would say that maya is the magical material the world was formed out of because it means both matter and magic Molloy 2010 Karma is what determines one39s rebirth The word comes from a root word meaning 39to do and implies moral consequences This is the law of cause and effect Samsara is a reference to the wheel of life or the circle of death life and rebirth This word suggests that life is full of change struggle and suffering The word moksha means liberation or freedom The root of the word comes from an ancient word meaning to be released Moksha is the ultimate human goal in the Upanishads One part of moksha is moving beyond emotions such as resentment and anger emotions that limit the individual All of the above terms are connected to the worshipping and belief system of the Hindu religion and can involve worshipping more than one god and all that those gods created that is sacred Part of the Hindu teaching is that each person is unique and has a unique soul Another part of Hindu belief is that the actions of a person have results or reactions in the wheel of life and can be rewarding or demeaning to the actor
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