REL 134 Week 3 DQ 4
REL 134 Week 3 DQ 4
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Date Created: 11/12/15
REL 134 Week 3 DQ4 What are the Three Jewels of Buddhism? What are the Four Noble Truths? What are the steps of the Noble Eightfold Path? How do these teachings inform the practice of Buddhism? Molloy (2009) states that the Three Jewels in Buddhism are the Buddha, the Sangha, and the Dharma. The sum of the Buddhist teaching and philosophy is the Dharma (Sanskrit) or the Dhamma (Pali) and refers to how we should live in the world, how to view the world, and how to live in way to produce to good karma. The Sangha is a word referring to a group of Buddhist monks Groups of four and groups of eight are common in Buddhist teachings. One group of four is known as the Four Truths of life. 1. Suffering Exists 2. Suffering has a cause 3. Suffering has an end 4. Following the eightfold noble path will bring a release from suffering The Eightfold Noble Path: 1. Right understanding - life is not permanent and included in life are desires, which are the cause of suffering 2. Right intention – thoughts and motives should not be tainted by selfish desires but should be pure 3. Right speech – speaking positively, honestly, and kindly while avoiding exaggeration, lies, and harsh words 4. Right action – avoidance of actions such as sexual conduct or stealing that bring hurt and not hurting other living beings 5. Right work – any word done should not bring suffering to others 6. Right effort – consistence in reaching for improvement 7. Right meditation (mindfulness) – using focused awareness and meditation in order to contemplate reality The end goal of Buddhism is to reach a state called nirvana. Nirvana is when a buddha is released from suffering and find peace. In nirvana people are not driven by compulsions or desires that cause suffering. Following the eightfold path will help reach three objectives: 1. To face life more objectively 2. To live in a way that is kind to other living beings 3. To improve on cultivating inner peace Molloy, M. (2009). EBOOK COLLECTION: Molloy, M. (2010). Experiencing the world™ religions: Tradition, challenge, and change (5th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. [University of Phoenix Custom Edition eBook]. New York, N.Y.: Retrieved from University of Phoenix, Rel/133 website.
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