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First Chapter Notes on Judaism

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by: Hannah Trammell

First Chapter Notes on Judaism Relg 300-002

Marketplace > Winthrop University > Religious Studies > Relg 300-002 > First Chapter Notes on Judaism
Hannah Trammell


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About this Document

The chapter as a whole with major vocabulary
Introduction to World Religions
Kristin Kiblinger
Study Guide
50 ?




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"If you want to pass this class, use these notes. Period. I for sure will!"
Ora Becker

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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hannah Trammell on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Relg 300-002 at Winthrop University taught by Kristin Kiblinger in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Introduction to World Religions in Religious Studies at Winthrop University.


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Date Created: 03/30/16
1. Anti­ Semitism: although “Semitic” properly refers to Arab and other peoples as well as  Jews, the term “anti­Semitism” has come to be applied to expressions of prejudice against Jews in general. 2. Apocalypse: a Judaism and Christianity, the dramatic end of the present age. 3. Ashkenazim: an ethic grouping of the Jews that migrated first to Italy, spread throughout  central and eastern Europe and thence on to the Americas.  4. Diaspora: the dispersal of the Jews after the Babylonian exile 5. Ghetto: an urban area occupied by those rejected by a society, such as quarters for Jews  in some European cities.  6. Haggadah: the non­legal part of the Talmud and Midrash 7. Halakhah: Jewish legal decision and the parts of ththTalmud dealing with the laws.  8. Hasidism: ecstatic Jewish piety, dating from 18  century Poland 9. Kabbalah: the Jewish mystical tradition  10. Kosher: ritually acceptable, applied to foods in Jewish Orthodox 11. Messiah: “the anointed”, the expected king and deliverer of the Jews, a term later applied  by Christians to Jesus. 12. Midrash: the literature of delving into the Jewish Torah 13. Minyan: the quorum of ten adult males required for Jewish communal worship 14. Mitzvah: in Judaism, a divine commandment or sacred deed in fulfillment of a  commandment. 15. Oral torah: interpretation of written Jewish law, according to verbal traditions 16. Orthodox Judaism: observing the traditional rabbinical “Halakah” the strictest form of  Judaism 17. Pentateuch: the five books of Moses at the beginning of the Hebrew bible 18. Rabbi: teacher the ordained spiritual leader of a Jewish congregation  19. Reform or liberal Judaism: Movement that began in the 19  century as a way of  modernizing the religion and making it more accessible and open ended.  20. Sabbath: the day of the week set aside for the rest and worship from sunset Friday night  to sunset Saturday. 21. Sephardim: an ethnic grouping of the Jews who migrated first to Spain and then to North  Africa, the Americas, and back to west Asia. 22. Shekhinah: god’s presence in the world, in Judaism  23. Synagogue: meeting place for Jewish study and worship 24. Talmud: Jewish law and lore, as finally complied in the 16  century  25. Tanakh: the Jewish scriptures  26. Torah: the Pentateuch also the whole body of Jewish teaching and law 27. Zionism: movement dedicated to the establishment of a politically viable, internationally  recognized Jewish state in the biblical land of Israel. 28. Semite: is a modern linguistic term applied to Jews, Arabs, and other eastern origin  whose languages are classified as semitic  29. Sadducees: priests and wealthy businesspeople, conservatives intent of preserving the law 30. Pharisees: were more liberal citizens from all classes who sought to study the  applications of the Torah to everyday life 31. Mishnah: method of deriving legal principles for social order is based on logical analysis  of how things are and why they are so. It systematically sets up hierarchical  classifications such as levels of women’s status and domestic responsibilities. 32. Reform Judaism: was moving farther and farther away from its traditional moorings  33. Modern Orthodoxy; values secular knowledge and integration with non Jewish society s  that its members can be enriched by interaction with the modern world and also help to  uplift it at the same time it is dedicated to the national and religious significance of Israel  and to Jewish law is divinely given.  34. Religious Zionism: which is based on the teachings of Rabbi Abraham kook places  central emphasis on resettlement of the Jewish people in Israel as he working out of a  divine plane for the salvation not only of Jews but also for the whole world 35. Haredi (ultra orthodox): Judaism which may overlap with religious Zionism especially in  Israel is generally in favor of a degree of detachment from non jewish culture so that the  community can focus on the stud of the torah  36. Lubavich Hasidim: are devoted to extending their message to as many jews as possible  using all the tools of modern technology for their sacred purpose  37.


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