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Texas State Goverment Exam 2 review

by: Chandon Lim

Texas State Goverment Exam 2 review POLS 2312-006

Marketplace > University of Texas at Arlington > POLS 2312-006 > Texas State Goverment Exam 2 review
Chandon Lim
GPA 3.136

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About this Document

Just a brief bullet point style review, covers most of the content through out the lecture.
State local Gov
Daniel D Sledge
Study Guide
Texas State Goverment, Policical Science, Exam 2 Review
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Chandon Lim on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to POLS 2312-006 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Daniel D Sledge in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 110 views.


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Date Created: 03/30/16
State Government Review  Foundations o Lost the civil war o Subjected to military rule during Reconstruction by something that can be described as “ an invading foreign power” o The subjected rule created a strong centralized executive power o Created a system of compulsory education through taxes o Increase I railroad building o Under the 1876 Constitution  Reduced pay  Governor lost a lot appointive powers  Terms of office shortened  The constitution goes into explicit detail and contains hundreds of amendments  The Governor o Does not have much power o The plural executive  Where the Governor and other major officials help run the state o Budgetary Power is given to the Legislative Budget Board o The Governor has the power to appoint the Adjutant General, Director of Housing and Community Affairs, Secretary of State, Director of the Office of State Federal Relations o Has the power of the Veto and can use it for Veto Bargaining o Can veto bills after the legislative session is over o Can Line-item veto for spending items  Expanding Gubernatorial Power o Use appointive power to appoint more than 2000 state officials o Can expand powers through the use of vetoes o Can expand powers through Executive Orders maybe, it didn’t go so well for Rick Perry though  The Legislature o Bicameral (like every other state except for Nebraska which has a Unicameral system) o 150 house members with 2 years terms and are elected o 31 senate members also elected but with staggered 4 year terms o They only get payed 7200 per year and a per diem pay when they are in session o Speaker of the House (Joe Straus) *probable test question  Chosen from House members, appoints committee chairs and members  Presides over sessions o Lt. Governor (Dan Patrick)  Elected statewide vote to a four year term, appoints committee chairs and selects committee members  Presides over sessions o Committees  Standing committees  Policy committees: deal with particular policy areas (such as agriculture or education)  Power Committees: deal with how bills come to the floor (when under what rules) and make decisions about how much money will be raised and spent  Conference Committee  House and senate Version of bill must be the same  Appointed by Speaker of the House and Lt. Governor  Bills o Bills are introduced o Referred to a committee o Reported out o Debated and or changed o Passed o Conference, if necessary  Filibuster o Discussion is limited to issues germane to the bill being debated o Senators cannot eat drink or use the bathroom o No sitting or leaning o Senators must yield the floor or receive three strikes for violating the rules  State court structure o Trial Courts  A blank slate o Appellate Courts  When one of the parties in a trial is dissatisfied with the outcome, that party can challenge the result by filing an appeal  Appeal must argue that prejudicial legal errors that affected the outcome were made in the original perfectly o State Supreme Court/Court of Criminal Appeals  Courts of last resort  Texas Supreme Court has final appellate jurisdiction in civil cases  Texas Court of Criminal Appeals has final appellate jurisdiction in criminal cases  Not all cases can go to the Texas Supreme Court, only civil cases o Criminal cases  They can be sent to jail but they but be absolutely sure that they are the criminal  The state takes action through a prosecutor o Civil cases  They do not go to jail but can be fined and things like that, they only have to be 51% sure they are the criminal  Ideal Court Functions o Impartial arbiters in disputes o Impartial judges of guilt and innocence o Relies on statutes, case precedents, constitutional law, and the facts of a case o Judicial Review: The power of the courts to declare actions of the legislative and executive branches invalid or unconstitutional  Methods of appointing Judges o Appointment o Appointment with retention election o Election that is partisan or non-partisan o Implications  If they are elected then they may be subjected to influence and biased choices by outside forces to stay elected  While if they are appointed then they do not feel these pressures, but if the people don’t like them then they just have to stick it out  Judicial independence vs Judicial Accountability o U.S Constitution : The President, with the advice and Consent of the Senate appoints all federal judges and the judges usually serve for life o The original 13 states follow this precedent o In Texas Judges are elected (with the exception of municipal court Judges  Single Member Plurality Voting o Where people cast votes for a single candidate and the one with the most votes wins rd o Tends to discourage small 3 parties  Duverger’s Law o Simplified states that in a single member plurality voting system it is preferred to have a two party system  Many candidates will attempt to gain the vote of the median voter in two party competitions  One person, one vote o Baker v. Carr (1962)  Congressional Districts within a state must have approximately equal numbers of residents o Reynolds v. Simms (1964)  State legislative districts must follow the same rules  Redistricting o States draw new boundaries for electoral districts every ten years o Gerrymandering: drawing an electoral district in order to give electoral advantage to one political party o Packing  Where boundary lines are redrawn so that districts are put together as one o Cracking  Where a boundary line is redrawn breaks up districts into smaller ones  Summary Notes on the documentary o Just in case there are questions on test about it o In short Cameron Todd was accused of setting a fire and killing his three kids. Investigators found evidence that he was the culprit and sentenced him to death. Until a fire expert came and disproved all the evidence and found him innocent. But it was already too late. The Governor Rick Perry refused to use his 30 day death penalty reprieve to push the date back. Changes were made to the system were made to prevent this by commission and board heads. But then the governor fired them because the Governor did not like Cameron Todd or was just trying to sweep everything under the rug. Either way Cameron Todd became a symbol against the death penalty and movements to abolish it.


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