CM EXAM 3
CM EXAM 3 1060
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This 51 page Study Guide was uploaded by Taylor Martin on Thursday November 12, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 1060 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Joseph Kidd in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 80 views. For similar materials see Classical Mythology in Classical Studies at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 11/12/15
Who is Pelops? King of Mycenae Why does he go the neighboring kingdom? He needs a bride the king is offering up his daughter in a chariot race What happens to the losers of the race? They are decapitated and their head are put on a stick Who does Pelops get help from to win the race and what is he given? ● Former lover poseidon ● A winged chariot Who does Pelops bribe to make sure he wins the race? The King's Charioteer Myrtilus What does he promise to give Mytilus ? The promise of protection and the promise that he will be the first to have sex with his new bride What happens with The neighbouring King during the race? The Mytilusloosens pins on chariot and the king falls off, is dragged by the chariot and dies What happens with Myrtilus and Pelops after the race? Pelops goes back on the deal and throws Myrtillus of a building What does Myrtilus do before he dies? Curses Pelops Who are the two sons of Pelops? ● Atreus, becomes king ● Thyestes What happens with Atreus and Artemis? He promises to sacrifice his best lamb to Artemis, but when he goes to his field he finds golden hides it Who does he give the lamb to for safekeeping? His wife What does Thyestes want? His brothers Thrown What deal deal do Atreus and Thyestes make? Whoever has the golden lamb gets the throne How is the lamb stolen from Atreus wife? Thyestes seduces Atreus wife and when she takes him to her room he steals the lamb from her What happens when he has the lamb? He takes the throne from Atreus who later realized he was tricked What happens with Atreus and Thyestes Atreus goes to get his throne back but Thyestes, says he will only give up the thrown when sun goes backwards in sky What does Zeus do? Makes sun go back into sky What happens to Thyestes? Thyestes gives up the thrown, is exiled and his sons are put to death by Atreus What happens when Thyestes goes to the Pythia after his exile? She tells him he will get revenge through his son Who does Thyestes have a son with? He rapes his own daughter What is Thyestes son named? Aegisthus Who is Atreus sons? ● Agamemnon (succeeds Atreus as king) ● Menelaus (Becomes king of Sparta) Why does Agamemnon need to leave his kingdom? Has to fight in the Trojans war What happens Agamemnon and Artemis ? Agamemnon unknowingly kills Artemis deer What does Artemis do in return? Take the wind so he can't sail When he goes to the Pythia what does she tell him? That he has to sacrifice his daughter Iphigenia, Who is Clytemnestra? Agamemnon's wife What happens between Clytemnestra and Agamemnon while Agamemnon is away? Aegisthus seduced her and they take the throne What happens when Agamemnon returns from the war? Clytemnestra and Aegisthus plan to murder Him Who ends up killing him and how? Clytemnestra traps him in robe and kills him Who is Agamemnon son and daughters? Son Orestes Daughters ● Iphigenia( dead) ● Electra What happens to Orestes? He is exiled by Clytemnestra What happens to Electra? She is mistreated by her mother and mourns her father and brother What does she find at Agamemnon's burial ground? A lock of Orestes hair What does she do after finding the hair? She finds Orestes and ask him to get revenge for their father What does Orestes go to? He goes to the Pythia who tells him to kill his mother What does Orestes do? He kills Aegisthus first, then Clytemnestra What happens when Orestes kills his mother? Furies come up to torture and chase Orestes for blood guilt Where does Orestes go? He goes to the Pythia for help and Apollo puts furies to sleep What do the gods decide to do? They hold a trial to decide if Orestes is innocent What happens with the trial? Apollo defends Orestes and the furies want to prosecute him What do the gods decide and who steps in? The gods are split and Athena judges in favor of Orestes stated goal a son's duty is to his father Author of the Iliad? Homer What happens with Queen Leda and the Swan? Zeus seduces her in form of swan, Leda is impregnated, has two sets of twins in the form of eggs Who are the 2 sets of twins? Clytemnestra and Helen Castor and Polydeuces Who is Helen? Queen of Sparta, wife of Menelaus, most beautiful women What happens with the Nereid Thetis? she is promised to Peleus for a year if he can catch her. He catches her and marries her Who is Thetis and Peleus son? Achilles, supposed to be greater than his father Peleus Who is Eris? What does she do? Goddess of Discord, not invited to Thetis wedding, so she throws a golden apple in middle of wedding table for the most beautiful goddess, and Athena, Aphrodite, Hera fight over it. What is the rest of the story with the golden apple? Hermes says that Paris will judge and gives him apple to give to the most beautiful What do the goddess try to bribe him with? ● Hera offers him to be the king of all Asia ● Athena offers to make him the best warrior's ● Aphrodite offers to let him have sex with the most beautiful woman in the world Helen. Who's bribe does he take? Aphrodite What happens when Paris meet Helen? They both run off together What results in this Union? The Trojan War Was homer's troy real? Yes, city burned, 1180s, homer in 8th century but much was exaggerated Outcome of the trojan war? Greeks suffer a terrible loss Trojan Who is Priam and Hekabe? King and queen of Troy Who is Paris and Hector? Their sons, opposites ● Paris a weak coward ● Hector a strong leader and fighter Who is Cassandra? Daughter cursed with gift of prophecies, that no one believe Who is Andromache? Wife of Hector Who is Astyanax? Infant son of Hector and Andromache Who is Aeneas? Warrior, son of Aphrodite and the human Anchises Who is Sarpedon? Trojan ally, son of Zeus Who is Aphrodite? Mother of Aeneas, chosen by Paris as most beautiful Who is on the Greeks side ? ● Agamemnon ● Menelaus ● Diomedes ● Nestor Who is helen? Queen of Sparta Who is Nestor? King of Pylos Who is Diomedes? King of Argos, military guy Who is Ajax Greater and lesser, warriors, greater commits suicide and lesser is killed by Athena Who is Patroclus? Lover of Achilles Who is Achilles? What happens? Thetis wants him immortal, takes him to river Styx holds him by the heel she dipping him in it, leaving only his heel his weak point Who does Thetis take Achilles to as a boy? Takes him to Chiron What does Chiron do with Achilles? Wise old Centaur, Teaches him weaponry and the lyre lessons. Why is Thetis protective of Achilles? An oracle tell her Achilles will be great but, live short life What does Thetis do to protect Achilles from the war? Hides him on Island Skyros and disguises him as a girl. How do does Odysseus and the Greeks find Achilles on the island of Skyros? They sound the war trumpet and Achilles jumps up to fight What does Agamemnon promise to Achilles? His daughters Iphigenia hand in marriage, however Iphigenia is sacrificed before he can marry her What happens to the relationship between Agamemnon and Achilles? Their relationship starts off bad after Agamemnon breaks his promise What God does Agamemnon steal from and what was it? Stole a priestess from Apollo What happens with Achilles and apollos servant ? Agamemnon has to give up the priestess but takes Achilles slaves Who had to restrain Achilles when he confronts Agamemnon? Athena What results from this? Achilles withdraws from the war What happens with Achilles dropping out of the war? Thetis steps in and asks Zeus to give trojans advantage, until the Greeks beg Achilles to come back. What happens with Helen and Paris? Helen feels guilty because Paris is a coward and doesn't want to participate in the War What does Helen ask Aphrodite? Helen ask can she marry Paris but Aphrodite says no What happens with Paris and Menelaus? Menelaus challenges Paris to a fight, Aphrodite takes him from the fight and puts him back in the bed of Helen What happens with Andromache and Hector? Andromache has nightmares about hector's death and begs him not to fight, but he tells her he must What happens when The Greek suffer great loses? They beg Achilles to fight but he refuses What happens with Patroclus and Achilles? Patroclus ask to fight, and Achilles gives in What does Achilles give to Patroclus? He give him his golden armor Who does Patroclus kill? Sarpedon the son of Zeus Who does Patroclus try to kill? Hector What does Apollo and Hector do to Patroclus? Apollo slapped Patroclus and Hector kills him What happens when Achilles mourns? Achilles is out of his mind in grief for letting him fight How does Thetis do when Achilles is in mourning? Thetis comforts him but tells him if you kill Hector, death is near. What does Achilles decide to do? Achilles renters war so he can kill Hector What happens when Achilles renters the war and who does he end fighting? He kills so many Trojan soldiers that he turns the river red with blood and he fights the River god, Scamandros who is angry because of this What does Scamandros do in the fight? He tries to drown Achilles and almost wins the fight How does Odysseus win in the end? Athena gives him the speed to run across the water and Hera blazes fire, can't catch hector, How does Achilles end up killing Hector? Athena turns herself into Paris to trick Hector and Achilles Corners Hector and kills him. What does he do with Hector's dead body? Achilles ties the body to his chariot and drags it around What does Achilles funeral do after Hector's death? Holds a funeral for Patroclus How is the body kept from rotting? Apollo renews body daily What does Zeus do in response? He tells Achilles he must ransom the body. What happens before Achilles can ransom the body? Priam begs Achilles for Hector's body, Achilles is moved and gives the body back What happens with the death of Penthesilea? Who is she? Amazon queen, cut off one breast so can hold bow, when he kills her, falls in love with her (Achilles) What happens with Paris and Achilles? Paris kills him with help of Apollo, by shooting in his heel What is done with Achilles body? Achilles ashes are mixed with Patroclus and layer to rest inside a temple Who gets Achilles armour in a competition? Odysseus Who is the loser of the competition and what does he do? Ajax the greater loses and throws his sword down and plunged himself on it committing suicide Who do the the Greeks capture? A Trojans prophet What does he tell them to get? He tells them to get Neoptolemus, Philoctetes, and the Palladium Who is Neoptolemus? When Achilles was disguised as a girl, he fathered a child What happens with Philoctetes? The Greeks get him but he is bit by snake and the wound starts to stink, and they leave him behind How does Philoctetes kill his enemies? With poisoned arrows that were dipped in Hydra blood Who does Philoctetes kil? Paris Who does Neoptolemus kill? Priam Who steals the Palladium Odysseus and Diomedes What is the trick of the wooden horse? Odysseus comes up with the idea to build wooden horse, give it to the Trojans, and hide their best warriors in it Who helps them build it? Athena Why do the Trojans accept it? The trojans think it's peace offering What happens with Lacoon and the horse? He believes it is a trick and warns the Greeks. However, Poseidon sends serpent to kill him and two sons, trojans think this is a curse, and bring horse in and then the Greeks conquer Troy What happens with Cassandra and Ajax the lesser? He rapes Cassandra in Athenas temple hat happens to Cassandra afterwards? She is taken back as a slave and killed later on What does Athena do in response to Ajax ? Uses Zeus thunderbolt to blast Ajax's ship, everyone but Ajax dies, then asks Poseidon to drown him Tran War wrap up what happens with Trojans? Only Aeneas and Anchises escape, and the women are enslaved What happens with Greeks? ● Achilles, Patroclus, 2 Ajaxs and, Agamemnon are killed, ● Nestor, Menelaus, Neoptolemus, and Diomedes return safely What happens to Helen? Begs Menelaus for her life, all trojan women want her dead What does Menelaus do about Helen? He forgives Helen and takes her back as his wife Who is Odysseus? King of Ithaca Who is Penelope? Queen of Ithaca Who is Telemachus? Odysseus and Penelope's son Who is Athena? Odysseus helper Who is Poseidon? Odysseus enemy What happens on the island of Lotus Eaters? Odysseus' men are addicted to narcotic flowers, Odysseus forces the men back onto the ship What happens with the Cave of Polyphemus? The Greeks find his cave and eats his food, Polyphemus catches them and traps them inside How does Odysseus stop the giant from eating most of the men? He gets Polyphemus drunk What does tell Polyphemus his name is? Nobody What do Odysseus and his men do to Polyphemus while he's passed out? The plunge a stick into his eye What does Polyphemus do in return? Wakes up and opens the cave do to get his brothers How do the men get out of the Cave? They hide under Polyphemus sheep What does Odysseus do to get on cursed? He bragged that it was him who stabbed him and Polyphemus tells his father to curse him Who is Aeolus? Story of him? Keeper of winds, gives Odysseus big bag of winds What does Aeolus tell Odysseus and what happens after? ● Tells him not to tell his man about the bag ● When Odysseus is sleeping the men open bag and wind blows back to Aeolus island, but Aeolus won't help them again What are the Laestrygonians? What do the Laestrygonians do? Sink Odysseus' fleet, down to one ship, Who is Circe? A witch that turns men into pigs What happens with Odysseus men? They scout her island but are turned into pigs Where is Odysseus during this? He stays with the ship What does Athena do in response to Circe? Hermes is sent to tell Odysseus what is going on and gives him herb to prevent him falling into Circe's magic. What happens when Odysseus confront Circe? Odysseus make Circe submit to him and she turns his men back How long do Odysseus and his men stay? A year What does Circe tell Odysseus before a he goes? Warns him of what monsters he should watch out for and that he must go to the underworld Who does Circe tell Odysseus to meet in the underworld? Tiresia What does Tiresias say? Don't let your men eat the cattle of Helios or Odysseus will lose all his men and arrive home alone Who does he unexpectedly meets in Hades? His mother who had committed suicide while he was away because she thought Odysseus was dead Who are the sirens? Bird like women, who attract men through their song and eat them How does Odysseus get to hear them? He makes the men tie him up so he won't follow them What happens with Odysseus men and the Sirens? The men had their ears plugged with beeswax and row pass the island Who is Scylla? What does she do? A nymph and lover of Poseidon, who Poseidon's wife Amphitrite turns into a 6 headed sea monster Who are Charybdis parents? Poseidon and Ge How does Odysseus get past Scylla? Sacrifices six of his men to her What happens with the Sacred Cattle of Helios? Odysseus men eat them, Helius complains to Zeus, who throws a thunderbolt at their ship, and all men die except Odysseus What happens with Odysseus and Calypso? Odysseus lands on the Sea nymph island and he stays with her for seven years. What happens after seven years of Odysseus being on the island? Odysseus begs her to let him leave, but she won't let him go What gods step in to help Odysseus? Athena forces Calypso to let him go and Hermes helps build Odysseus a raft. Who shatters Odysseus raft and who saves Odysseus from drowning? ● Poseidon ● Athena gets in the water and breathes air into him Where does Odysseus land? pheosia What happens with the Phoenician princess? Encounters a naked Odysseus, and takes him to the phoeasian court What happens at the court? He tells them his story and they volunteer to take him home What does Poseidon do? When odysseus steps off ship, he turns it into stone and everyone dies What happens with Penelope and the suitors? They move into Odysseus palace How does Penelope tricks her suitors? She tells them she must finish her cloth first but she unwind the threading every night How does Athena help Penelope? She makes her more and more beautiful every day Why does Telemachus pray to Athena? The suitors are tearing up the hose and threatening to kill him What happens with Telemachus and Athena? Athena comes disguised as a man, says that he needs to go to Sparta and talk to Menelaus about his father What does Athena do to hide Odysseus? Turns him into an old beggar Who is Argus? A dog that belongs to Odysseus and dies from neglect What happens with Odysseus’s old servant ? She invites a disguised Odysseus in and washes his feet. How does the old servant recognize Odysseus? Sees a scar on his foot What happens when Telemachus and Odysseus are united? They plan out what to do with the suitors along with the old servant What is the contest Penelope holds for the suitors? An archery contest What are the rules of the contest? The man must string Odysseus bow and shoot 12 axes What is the catch? Only Odysseus know how to string the bow What does Odysseus order the old servant to do? Hide the weapons are hidden, locks the doors, and don't open them no matter what she hears What does Odysseus and Telemachus do the suitors and their lovers? Kill all the suitors and make the girls clean up mess, then hangs the women for treason Who is Acrisius? King of Argos Who is Danae? Daughter of Acrisius Who is Perseus? Son of Zeus and and Danae Who is Dictys? Fisherman on Seriphos Who is Polydectes? King of Seriphos Who is Grease? ● 3 women that share one eye and one tooth ● Sister of the Gorgons Who is Cassiopeia? Queen of Phoenicia Who is Andromeda? Daughter of Cassiopeia What happens with Acrisius and Pythia? Asks if he will have a heir, says yes but that his grandson will kill him What does Acrisius do to Danae? Locks her away so she won't get pregnant What does Zeus do to Danae? Comes in a Showers of gold and impregnates her What does Acrisius do to Danae after she gives birth? locks her and son in a chest and throws them in sea, and they end up at Seriphos. Who gets them out the chest Dictys, Polydectes brother Who does Polydectes want to marry and why can't he? Perseus mother but can't because Perseus will protect her How does Polydectes get rid of Perseus? Says everyone must bring him a tribute, but Perseus can't get one, and Polydectes orders him to get him the head of Medusa How do the gods help him? ● Hermes gives him winged sandals ● Athena gives him the hades Helmet of darkness ● Zeus gives him a sword What happens between Perseus and the Grease? He puts on the invisibility helmet and steals their one eye What do they tell him? Medusa is in Africa but first he must get something from the garden of Hesperides Who lives in the Garden of Hesperides? 3 sisters that sit around a tree with golden apples and a snake that protects the tree Who are the 3 sisters father? Herepus, the God of the evening star Who does this garden belong to? Hera What does he get from the 3 sisters? A bag for Medusa's head What 2 things happen from Medusa's head? Pegasus and Chrysaor are born from her neck, blood from head falls in desert and creates snakes and scorpions What happens with Atlas and Perseus? Atlas is not hospitable to Perseus, so Perseus turns him into stone with head of Medusa, becomes "Atlas" mountains Who does Perseus save from a sea monster? Andromeda Why was she tied to a rock? Her mother Cassiopeia had boated her daughter was more beautiful than the Nereids Who sends the monster? Poseidon What do Andromeda’s people decide to do to get rid of the monster? Sacrifice her to it What does she become after he saves her? His wife What does he do when he returns to home? He turns Polydectes into stone and makes Dictys the king Who is Bellerophon? Prince of corinth, grandson of Sisyphus Who is Proteus? King of Tiryns Who is Stheneboea? Queen of Tiryns Who is Lobates? King of Lydia, Stheneboea's father Story of Bellerophon? kills his brother so he goes to stay in neighboring city of Lydia What can only a god or King do? Purify others from blood guilt What happens between Stheneboea and Perseus? She tries to Seduce him but he rejects her What does Stheneboea do because of this rejection? Tells King Tiryns that Perseus raped her What does the King tell Bellerophon to do? Gives him a letter and tells him to deliver it to Stheneboea father. What does the letter read? It said that Bellerophon raped his daughter. Why can't Stheneboea father kill him? It will dishonor the guest host relationship Who doe Stheneboea father send Bellerophon to fight? Sent to kill the Chimera (part lion, goat, and snake) What does Athena gives Bellerophon? Pegasus What does Bellerophon win when he kills the Chimera? Lobates other daughter How does he get revenge on Stheneboea? He offers her a ride on Pegasus,but when they reach the sky he throws her off and kills her What happens with Bellerophon and Pegasus? Tries to fly it to Olympus, Zeus sends flies to sting Pegasus. Pegasus bucks Bellerophon off and he is killed Who Electryon? King of Mycenae Who is Amphitryon? Electryon's brother Who is Alcmena? Daughter of Electryon, mother of Herakles Who is Sthenelus? King after Electryon Who is Eurystheus? Son of Sthenelus Who is Herakles ally? Athena Who are Herakles enemies? Hera, Eurystheus, Centaur Nessus Who are the wives of Herakles? Megara, Deinaria, Hebe Story of Herakles? Zeus disguises himself as Amphitryon and has sex with Alcmena, then her real husband has sex with her. Has twins one with each man. What does Zeus declare? The child born first is destined for greatness What happens with the birth of Eurystheus? Slows down labor of Heracles and Eurystheus is born first How does Hera create the milky way? What does Hera do to Heracles? ● Zeus wants Herakles to be powerful so puts him on Hera's breast, she throws the child off and milk squirts into heaven. ● Tries to kill him by sending snakes What happens with Heracles and his family? He is driven mad by Hera and Kills wife Megara and 3 kids. What does the Pythia tell Herakles he must do? Says that he must serve as a slave to king Eurystheus Who is Eurystheus in cahoots with? Hera What is Echidna? Mother of all monsters What are Herakles Symbols? ● The skin of the Nemean lion ● A Club What is labor 1? Nemean Lion Heracles clubs lion What is labor 2? Lernean Hydra Needs to decapitate 8 headed snake, also kills crab > cancer crab Who fights with Herakles against the Hydra? His brother, but he is killed by the crab What is labor 3? Ceryneian Deer of Artemis.He chases it for a year, and brings it back alive What is labor 4? Side trip? ● Erymanthian Boar,has to bring it back alive ● Heracles fights Centaurs, ○ Heracles accidentally kills Charon ○ Forms Sagittarius in sky What is labor 5 Side Trip? ● Must clean the Stables of Augeas ● Herakles creates Olympics What is labor 6? Stymphalian Birds, Part female. Heracles needs to kill them, Athena helps by attracting birds. What is labor 7? Cretan Bull, has to capture it live What is labor 8? Side trip? ● Flesh eating Mares Diomedes trains horse to eat human flesh and Abderus (boy Heracles loves) is eaten by them ● Heracles fights Thanatos to save a sick woman's life What is labor 9? Girdle of Hippolyta. Hera disguises herself and says Heracles army is coming to attack so he kills Hippolyta and take her girdle What is labor 10? Sidetrip? ● Cattle of Triple Man Greyon (son of Chrysaor). Needs to bring all cows back to Greece ● Cacus steals some cow, Heracles squeezes him to death What is labor 11? Side trip? ● Has to get the Golden apples of Hesperides, wrestle Nereus for directions to Hesperides, Heracles kills snake for apples ● Heracles fights Antaeus the cereal killer, once he's lifted off surface he loses his strength, gives apples to Eurestyes What is labor 12? Capture Cerberus alive Drag him from underworld with help of Athena What happens with Heracles and Cercropes? Origin of what? mysterious dwarves that play tricks, catches them stealing, ties them to a stick, then released because they make him laugh > Zeus turns them into apes What happens with the Argonauts setting sail? Heracles is one of them, brings Hylas with him his love, he is stolen and Jason says they have to leave and cannot wait for him to find Hylas What happens when Heracles goes to the underworld? He sees an old friend, who ask Herakles to take care of his sister Deianira What does Herakles decide to do to take care of Deianira? Heracles decides to marry Deianira Who does Herakles fight for Deianira and how does he win? He fights Achelous and while the fight he ripe out his horn and only give it back when Achelous gives up on Deianira What Is Achelous? A River God What happens with Deianira and the Centaur Nessus? He says he will safely take her across river, but then tries to run off with her and rape her How does Herakles kill Nessus? Heracles shoots Nessus with the poison arrows What lie does Nessus tell Deianira before he dies? Says that his blood is a love potion and to collect his blood, so Herakles will never stray Who does Herakles try to win in a contest and what happens? Herakles wins the contest for Iole but the king doesn't give her to him What happens with Iole’s brother? Herakles kills him in anger directed at Iole father What does the Pythia tell him he must do to be forgiven for his sin? He has to serve as a slave to Queen Omphale for a year What embarrassing thing does Omphale make Herakles do? She dresses him as a woman and makes him do woman's work What does Herakles do after he leaves Omphale service? He takes Iole and kills her father What does Deianira do before Herakles arrived home? Deianira makes him a cloak and puts some of Nessus blood on it What happens when Herakles put on the cloak? He burst in flames What does Zeus do? He lets his son die and admitted him to Olympus What does Zeus do when Herakles is admitted into Olympus? Gives him his daughter Hebe to marry
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