BIO II Exam 3 Questions
BIO II Exam 3 Questions BIO 1144
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rocket on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIO 1144 at Mississippi State University taught by Thomas Holder in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 51 views.
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Date Created: 03/30/16
Biology II: Exam 3 I have made a collaborated list/questions for every system and factors from the notes that we will most likely be tested on. Also I have attached the notes where you can find answers to said questions~ Epithelium Tissues Know the basic function of epithelial tissue and its location, what it’s attached to Classification ( 1 or 2 layer?) 3 Types of Cell Shapes What functions outside absorption and secretion do simple squamous and columnar have? What makes Pseudostratified Columnar special? What type of epithelium layer has its dead cells replaced by Keratin? What is the main function of Stratified Cuboidal + Stratified Columnar? Which single organ does Transitional Epithelium line? Why is it only found there? Connective Tissues Know the basic function of connective tissue Which tissue holds organs in place? Which tissue are found in tendons/ligaments? Which tissue provides cushions for joints? Which tissue support/protects body? Which tissue is in charge of insulation/storage? Which tissue is considered the transportation tissue? Muscle Tissues Know the 3 types of muscular tissue Which are involuntary or voluntary? Which are striated and/or branch off? Which muscle tissue is the site for bone attachment? Which muscle tissue provides contractions/movement for food? Nervous Tissue What are neurons and what do they do? What is the function of Neuroglial Cells? Overall Integumentary System 5 Main functions of the Skin Location of Epidermis layer and function of all cells located within Location of Dermis layer and what each corpuscles and glands control/produce? Location of Hypodermis layer and function Digestive System Know the difference between the 2 types of gut tracts (remember alimentary canal) Function and examples of Hydrolases 4 Main functions of the Digestive System Which structures are involved in the Buccal Cavity? (Region of Reception) Function and composition of Esophagus (Region of Conduction) Function and composition of Stomach (Region of Storage and Digestion) What cells are found in the inner lining of stomach and what do they secrete? Function and 3 Regions of Small Intestine (Region of Terminal Digestion + Absorption) 3 Absorption tactics that increase surface area Function and composition of Large Intestine (Region of Water Absorption and Concentration of Solids) 3 Accessory Glands and their function Nervous System What composes the CNS? What composes the PNS? Know the function and structures of a Neuron What is the function Glial Cells and Myelin Sheaths? What is the function of Microglial Cells? What 2 groups of cells are called “Stem Cells”? Know the 3 types of Neurons and how each communicate with other neurons Understand the Reflex Arc What is Membrane Potential? What is Resting Membrane Potential? What makes the membrane inside more polarized? Know the 3 factors which contribute to Resting Membrane Potential Can equilibrium in the electrochemical gradient be achieved or almost achieved? What does depolarization achieve? What charge does the inside and outside of cell become? What does hyperpolarization achieve? What charge does the inside and outside of cell become? Which cells generate electrical signals? What do the voltage and ligand gated ion channels control? Know the 3 steps of a Nerve Impulse How does the speed of an impulse correlate to the axon in invertebrates and vertebrates? Definition of Synapse Differentiate the 2 types of Synapses Organization of Nervous system in phylum cnidaria, platyhelminthes, annelida, mollusca, and arthropoda How are Squids and Social insects more advanced than the rest of their phylum? Know the meninges and fluids protecting the CNS Know the 3 divisions in the Vertebrate Brain Identify and know the function of each part in the Brain (midbrain, thalamus, cerebrum, etc.) Muscular and Skeletal System Know basic functions of the skeletal system What connective tissue/fibers are found in bone? 2 types of Bone Formation What the difference between compact and spongy bone? Anatomy of Long Bone Function of the 4 Bone Cells: Osteoprogenitor, Osteoblasts, Osteocytes, Osteoclasts Location and function of: Osteonic canal, lamellae, lacunae, canaliculi Know the difference between the Axialand Appendicular Skeleton Differentiate the structure of the 3 muscular tissues What structures compose Muscle fascicles? What is a the unit for skeletal muscle cells and how is it measured? Know the 3 structures of a muscle fiber Understand the “sliding filament” model Which energy bond is required for this contraction? Circulatory System What is composition of blood plasma? Know the difference between the 3 fluids What are formed elements? What are platelet? What are leukocytes and what are the 5 different typesleukocytes? What are rythrocytes What is hemoglobin? Function of composition of Blood Vessels How do arteries carry blood? What tissue is it composed of? What is the main function of capillaries? How do veins carry blood? What tissue is it composed of? How does the heart correlate with increasing evolution? What are chambers and pseudo chambers? Know the basic heart anatomy of the 5 classes What circuit controls the left side of the heart? What circuit controls the right side of the heart? Function and location of the Atrioventricular Valves Function and location of the 2 types of Semilunar Valves
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