Dance Appreciation Study Guide #2
Dance Appreciation Study Guide #2 ESS 104
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Courtney Schmitz on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ESS 104 at University of Wisconsin - La Crosse taught by Kathy Gorman in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Dance Appreciation in Physical Education at University of Wisconsin - La Crosse.
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Date Created: 03/30/16
STUDY GUIDE – UNIT 2 Early Modern Dance – late 19 th century starting in America 1. Define modern dance. In what ways is it different from ballet?-bare feet, different modern techniques, its about individual expression, partnering is more equal, same body type as choreographer 2. What one element truly characterizes modern dance?- FREEDOM in movement and what they could say with that movement Isadora Duncan 1. Who is considered to be the mother of modern dance? Isadora 2. What were the 3 sources of Isadora’s dance? 1. Art of ancient Greece, 2. Movements of nature, 3. By going within herself (in front of a mirror) 3. Where on the body did Isadora consider “the central spring of all dance movement” to be? Mid torso, solar plexus 4. Where did Isadora dance to earn her money?dancing in the homes of rich society women 5. Which Ballet Russe choreographer did Isadora influence? Contemporary ballet 6. What was the quote by Isadora that she said when she was 20 years old tht shocked the dance world? I had discovered the dance, I had discovered the art form which has been lost for 2,000 years Denishawn 1. What inspired Ruth St. Denis to stop acting and become a dancer? Drug store, saw Egyptian goddess and knew she was meant to be 2. What were the titles of 3 of her earliest dance solos? Radaha, Incense, Cobra 3. Which 2 dancers formed Denishawn? 4. What were Denishawn’s 3 main contributions to modern dance? 5. After Denishawn disbanded, what modern dance company did Ted Shawn start? What modern dance festival did he start? All male modern dance company-Men dancers Festival-Jacob’s pillow Doris Humphrey -1927 1. In what year did the term “modern dance’ start? What did it refer to?dance that reflects contemporary attitudes, refers to all the modern dance techniques 2. What is the title of the modern dance piece by Doris Humphrey that was about the movement of waves and was performed to silence?-water study 3. What is the title of her most famous piece about the 19 century religious sect?-the shakers 4. What is Humphrey’s modern dance technique called?-FALL AND RECOVERY “It occurred in the arch between 2 deaths” Martha Graham 1. What was the 3-word phrase Graham’s psychiatrist father told her that influenced her choreography? “Movement Never Lies” 2. Mirse Cunningham- never had a message 2. What were the 2 lessons she learned at Denishawn? 1. Borrowed their modern dance technique. The actual dance technique taught at Denishawn. 2. The importance of costuming for dance: The dance costume should never hide nor hinder the movement, but intensify it 3. What are the 4 stages of her choreographic life? 1. Rebellion- (heretic and lamentation) 2. Americana- (American document of U.S, Martha Frontier- NOGUCI- Japanese, Letter to the world-Emily Dickinson, Appalachian Spring) 3. Greek/Psychological- Ancient Greek Myths (Errand into the Maze-ARIANDI, Cave of heart, & Night Journey- most famous besides Appalachian Springs 4. Bible stage- LAST STAGE- final stories 4. What is Graham’s modern dance technique called? Contraction/Release – curve of the spine 1. Based on the movement of breathing 2. She like her father, thought movement started in gut first- she said it “Started in the house of the pelvic truth” 5. What is the title of her most famous piece about a pioneer newlywed couple moving into their First home on the prairie with music by Aaron Copland? –Appalachian Spring 6. What are Graham’s 3 greatest contributions to dance history? 1. First multiracial dance company 2. Contraction/Release Technique – most practiced dance 3. Almost singlehandedly, made modern dance just as important as classical ballet. Merce Cunningham 1. Before Merce Cunningham, modern dance was about emotion (Martha Graham). After Cunningham, ***Modern dance was simply about motion or movement.*** 2. What was the art movement Cunningham worked in when he first started out as an independent Choreographer? –movement for movements sake 3. Who was the modern music composer Cunningham often collaborated with? John Cage – A prepared piano (put random things on the strings of the piano) 4. What is their style of composition called? CHANCE COMPOSITION- created more posibilities 5. What are 4 characteristics of Cunningham choreography? 1. No strong, central focus 2. No stars or soloists 3. No particular facial expression 4. The dance and the audio accompaniment are not related to each other- wanted their art forms to be independently worthy Paul Taylor 1. In his early pieces, Taylor worked in an artistic style called minimalism. (strip art form of bare essentials) 2. What was the title of Taylor’s piece where he and a woman stayed absolutely still for 4 minutes? “Last Look”-duet (there was a blank review on this piece) 3. What are some characteristics of Taylor’s choreography today? Athletic, tell a story, eclectic-wide variety, wide range of subject matter Twyla Tharp 1. What are some characteristics of Tharp choreography? Takes all different styles of dance and puts them together -8 jelly roles, Sinatra cuite 2. What are 3 words that describe her choreography? Quick, twistine, and strong Modern Dance in the 1950-s – 1980’s 1. What was the state of modern dance in the 1950’s? 2. How did it change in the 1960’s and 70’s? 3. How did it change again in the 1980’s?
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