PSY 360 GRADED_Week #2-Assignment_Phineas Gage Paper
PSY 360 GRADED_Week #2-Assignment_Phineas Gage Paper
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Date Created: 11/12/15
Phineas Gage Paper PSY 360 Dr Dametrius Byno Phineas Gage 1 Phineas Gage I2 This paper will discuss the various roles within cognitive functions of the brain as well as explaining how Phineas Gage s accident supports how the brain has contributed to cognitive functions and on going research to this day When evaluating a patient39s cognitive functions it is often defined as a logical or intellectual process in terms of a person s attentiveness comprehension orientation or perceived ideas CNBC 2009 Human cognition and one s abilities attempt to illustrate what happens in leading developments and within a person s mature state of mind These same functions are also described in terms of the psychosocial feature with respect to their overall involvement However changes within cognitive functions are more accurately if attention is also if not primarily centered on one s brain development and growth Developing this understanding also allows teachers and parents to enhance ways of learning with re ection to a child39s cognitive abilities Cognitive function can encompass many distinctive characters of a person s perception which are reasoning conception imagining remembering and sensing CNBC 2009 There is a reverse state of cognitive function and it is described as being impairment This kind of impairment is when one has a difficult time dealing with or reacting to new or different situations of comprehension Thinking and awareness depends largely on personal experiences thoughts mental processes and emotions each accessible in their own special area of the brain Selfawareness involves feeling this Phineas Gage I3 personal ow of emotional and thought occurrences When an individual cannot sustain a rational sequence of concentration and if continues for too long without maintaining a degree of attention or simply being disoriented this explains confusion If a person loses their cognitive function it affects them immensely CNBC 2009 Confusion explains a behavior if a patient displays a decrease in consistency understanding mental cleamess and the ability to reason The lack of disorientation and attention are the core symptoms of early diagnoses nonetheless as the confusion becomes worsened there are decreases in awareness memory problemsolving language understanding functioning and actions in a person s emotional and environmental behaviors Changes that occur in a person39s condition of consciousness are lethargy delirium and confusion which may trigger several medical conditions that include ischemia decreased blood supply trauma brain diseases or fevers These conditions are also known to be triggered by a number of other toxins or drug related issues In addition other conditions are known to lower one s hypoglycemia low blood sugar liver failure hypercalcemia increased calcium in blood levels azotemia nitrogen waste produced in the blood stream or a abrasion that develops at the foundation of the brain Phineas Gage History to Cognitive Functions Phineas Gage I4 Phineas Gage 18231860 is one of the most primitive and documented cases recognized as a critical brain injury known to man Gage is the key element of a person who experienced major changes to one s personality after such a brain trauma Independently he is a prodigy in the chronicles of neurology which is basically a study of the center invertebrate nervous system of patients Hernandez 2008 The story goes Gage was getting ready for an explosion by compressing a bore with a mixture of oxygen and methane powder while using a tamping iron In the midst of doing this a spark shot up from the tamping iron which ignited the explosive powder triggering the iron to y at such a high velocity and instantly through Gage s cranium Entering just under the left cheekbone and exiting straight through the top head he was shortly lucid some 30 yards from the original site Unequivocally he was very fortunate to survive such an accident and has made medical history even to this current day Surprisingly Gage returned back to work in 1849 in which his coworkers observed many changes in his character and that he simply was not the same as before the accident Hernandez 2008 Previous to Gage s accident he was known to be a wellbalanced dexterous and nimble foreman who was more than capable of executing his job and responsibilities Gage s reputation was known as a wellgroomed and insightful businessman yet after such an event as this he was adamantly stubborn and a bit intolerable He had shown symptoms of being very disturbed vilely disrespectful and showing very little respect Phineas Gage I5 amongst his colleagues Hernandez 2008 These issues were immediately recognized as a result of Gage s accident and undoubtedly the misfortune had caused considerable changes to his behavioral state of mind Hernandez 2008 Thus the impairment to Gage s frontal cortex was a result of complete loss of social inhibitions that ultimately lead to the demise of his inappropriate behaviors Further as we look into cognitive functions and analysis it is needed when understanding the common order and its effect of frontal lobe damages Such remarkable changes can and will alter one s aptitude Hernandez 2008 The conclusion of this analysis was that Gage sustained immense damage to both the right and left prefrontal cortices of the brain But according to scientific computer imaging and threeway measurements of reconstructed thinly sliced computed tomography scans of Gage s cranium performed by special doctors they have found most of the damage was done to Gage s skull being partial to the left hemisphere of the brain The social cognition and chief function of the frontal cortex in today s studies are comparatively proven to be worthy Nonetheless the research in this field is still under going much scrutiny Yet because of Gage s misfortune neuroscientists have now achieved a great amount of knowledge regarding the correlation between the mind and brain that otherwise would have never been discovered during the 19th century Hernandez 2008 Although there is a tremendous amount of information gathered over Phineas Gage I6 the years regarding the brain it appears that will never be a complete understanding of the cognitive functions References CNBC 2009 Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition Integrating the sciences of mind and brain Retrieved from httpWWWcnbccmueduresearch Hernandez Christina 2008 Phineas Gage Retrieved from httpWWWassociatedcontentcomarticle831073phineas gage pg3htmlcat4 GRADED RUBRIC FOR THE EVALUATION OF WRITTEN ASSIGNMENTS CRITERIA NEEDS IMPROVEMENT SATISFACTORY EXCEPTIONAL Minimum Points Medium Points Maximum Points CONTENT The writer does not The writer demonstrates limited The writer demonstrates an 50 demonstrate cursory understanding of the subject understanding of the subject matter by You understanding of subject matter in that theories are not clearly stating the objective of the demonstrated matter and the purpose of well connected to a practical paper and links theories to practical that you had a the paper is not stated The experience or appropriate experience The paper includes general objective therefore is not examples though the attempt relevant material that is correctly understanding of the objectives of the required addressed and supporting materials are not correctly referenced to research the topic is evident and materials are correctly referenced referenced and this material fulfills the objective of the paper assignment ORGANIZATION Paragraphs do not focus Topicscontent could be The writer focuses on ideas and 20 around a central point and organized in a more logical concepts within paragraphs and Your paper had a good introduction and conclusion that supported the objectives concepts are disjointedly introduced or poorly defended ie stream of consciousness manner Transitions from one idea to the next are often disconnected and uneven sentences are wellconnected and meaningful Each topic logically follows the objective The introduction clearly states the objective or ideas leading to the purpose of the paper and a conclusion draws the ideas together Phineas Gage I7 FORMAT The paper does not conform The paper does not conform The paper is correctly formatted to 10 to APA style completely to APA style eg APA style eg margins spacing Goodjob margins spacing pagination pagination headings headers headings headers citations citations references according to the references according to the APA Manual APA Manual SPELLING The writer demonstrates The writer occasionally uses The writer demonstrates correct usage GRAMMAR amp limited understanding of awkward sentence construction of formal English language in sentence PUNCTUATION formal written language use or overuses andor construction Variation in sentence 10 writing is colloquial ie inappropriately uses complex structure and word usage promotes Make sure to review your work thoroughly before conforms to spoken language Grammar and punctuation are consistently incorrect Spelling errors are sentence structure Problems with word usage eg evidence of incorrect use of Thesaurus and punctuation readability There are no spelling punctuation or word usage errors Smeitting numerous persist often causing difficulties with grammar CLARITY amp The writer struggles with Some words transitional The reading audience is correctly STYLE limited vocabulary and has phrases and conjunctions are identified demonstrated by 10 difficulty conveying meaning overused Ideas may be appropriate language usage ie You did a nice job writing to the intended audience I would caution you to review your work thoroughly before submitting such that only the broadest most general messages are presented overstated and sentences with limited contribution to the subject are included avoiding jargon and simplifying complex concepts appropriately Writing is concise in active voice and avoids awkward transitions and overuse of conjunctions STUDENT S NAME L Ronny S ASSIGNMENT Psvcholoqv Paper Dametrius Byno Ph D GCDF Factu DATE 5152010 GRADE out of Q Phineas Gage I8 University of Phoenix dbynoemailphoenixedu
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