PSY 360_Individual_Memory Worksheet
PSY 360_Individual_Memory Worksheet
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Date Created: 11/12/15
PSY 360 Cognitive Psychology University of Phoenix Material Memory Worksheet Using the text Cognition The Thinking Animal the University Library the Internet andor other resources answer the following questions Your response to each question should be at least 150 words in length What is primary memory What are the characteristics of primary memory Primary memory is often referred to as short term memory and is the workplace where the brain can temporarily forgotten manipulated encoded or is transported to secondary memory Information can enter primary memory not only from sensory memory but also from secondary memory Willingham 2007 Primary memory materializes in about 2 seconds of auditoria encoding and four visual spatial matters Re ecting on the readings cited throughout the text the aptitude of primary memory is figured between 5 and 9 units depending on the person in questioning and the unit type The competence of semantic based memory is more accommodating due to the arbitration effects within chunking When chunking is augmented the space of primary memory increases because secondary memory encoding is done through a series of semantic approaches Primary memory is provisional because decay and interference act on behalf of the mediation essentially what was restrained to just primary memory previously Interference will involve the results of past or future memories that have existing information containing to the primary memory Decay is the instrument of primary memory which is primarily concerned with capacity and its limited that are essential with keeping order to focused and one s attention to pertinent information What is the process of memory from perception to retrieval What happens when the process is compromised First off it s important to understand memory from one s perception It is a method in which stimuli is assembled that is collective grouping in conjunction to a person s character which also in uences an individual s perception Whereas retrieval is a succession of obtaining information out of memory Retrieval cues are stimuli s that can be utilized when actually Page 1 of 1 PSY360r2 PSY 360 Cognitive Psychology retrieving memories Priming is known as the process when identifying certain traces perhaps associations made at the time the memory was formed which acts as a guide to one s memory recognition A lot of psychologists feel that reminiscence to previous history or the framework to original experience can be a great aid to memory retrieval whereas others consider recalling the disposition linked with a person s memory formation a procedure referred to as a statedependent knowledge is also advantageous For instance an individual who has symptoms of depression might remember an experience that took place during a previous period which caused the primitive feelings of engagement Some individuals can generate mental pictures of an object or event a procedure referred to as imagery to boost retrieval Lastly some people can utilize an extreme comprehensive photographic mental picture which is referred to as eidetic imagery Arnaudo 2008 Is it possible for memory retrieval to be unreliable Why or why not What factors may affect the reliability of one s memory Why is memory retrieval unreliable Measures of memory En 39 L and ami 7 of a prior meallccmdl M l mmn thus one memory W cm is n01 7 m u more men sensillw but can39fmalieabmhite talmayhemm mtEinmerbm WMMMBE mash1mm these matmines coder as it w PM engaged influence but Wilden is during with m encoding Email milly recall is madly heartla recomii unfalllmof w 7 re llable wards shows 395 a that one test can he WM 3 m more ifcondi nns hm millmug WhomM V mmmmhi m H V manorymd can chum atmmgmgbachwe 533 PM Whine IM mp mq l attribute PLANO processg engaged as m wewofrmemory which Is at encoding 7 wrong the same IllaPl mad minim be or not an successiw anal111115 Prenhall 20 10 Yes I believe memory retrieval can be unreliable Unreliable memory retrieval has many possibilities particularly to memory relating to periphery Page 2 of 1 PSY360r2 PSY 360 Cognitive Psychology information rather than to one s central information Although there are many theories it seems cueing is vital to memory retrieval whether it is situational cueing locality cueing or contextual cueing For example retrieval is more successful if a person is finding it difficult to remember an occurrence in terms of a physical cognition in which the memory was previously encoded or equally situational within the similar circumstance Additionally the ability to recognize an occurrence is much more advantageous than to recollect memory retrieval This is somewhat due to the semantic means in which a person s memory is stored in secondary reminiscence A factor that may affect reliable memory would be to maintain a natural clear cycle of sleep and is the most reliable in terms of cognitive retention in turn promotes the development of memory Pressure stress and severe emotional crisis can and will affect memory Too many things to remember or overloaded schedules will affect one s reliable memory Reference Arnaudo A 2008 Eidetic Imagery Raising More Questions than Answer Serendip Retrieved from htt serendi b mawredu exchan e node 1693 Prenhall 2010 Retrieved from htt s renhallcom s media ob39ects 3443 3526125 Cha 07a hierarchypdf Willingham D T 2007 Cognition The thinking animal 3rd ed Upper Saddle River NJ PearsonAllyn amp Bacon GRADED Page 3 of 1 PSY360r2 PSY 360 Cognitive Psychology Good job with completing the Memory Worksheet For this assignment you earned 5 out of 5 points continue to keep up the good work Dametrius Byno Ph D GCDF Faculty University of Phoenix Page 4 of 1 PSY360r2
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