week 3 Assignment Gender Identity
week 3 Assignment Gender Identity
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by kimwood Notetaker on Friday November 13, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views.
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Date Created: 11/13/15
Gender Identity and Roles How they factor into everyday life [Type the author name] Gender Identity and Roles 2 Even before birth, gender identity and gender roles are placed upon an unborn baby by the people around. Within the thesis, we will be stating the factors that determine gender identity. We will also be explaining how a person’s masculine and feminine traits can be described using the continuum of masculinity femininity. Describing three factors in the author’s own life that have helped determine one’s gender identity. Last, will be the discussion of masculine and feminine traits that attribute to yourself using the continuum of masculinity femininity. Gender identity is defined as one’s sense of being either a male or female but is normally consistent with chromosomal sex. Although we are assigned a sex at birth, hormonal errors during the fetus development stage can occasionally hinder one’s gender identity. The majority of the general population does not have any confusion when it comes to one’s own anatomical sex. This is based on our physical traits in which identify a person as being male or female. As toddlers, many have already made the association of gender identity. Usually by 18 months of age, anatomic sex is usually evident to a child and can recognize whether they have a penis or a vagina ( Rathus, Nevid, and Fichner Rathus, 2005). Stereotypes of gender roles play a significant role on how one perceives gender identity. While society generally frowns upon stereotypes, some cultures have certain expectations about gender roles for both men, and women. Throughout history, men are more likely to be described as strong, courageous, or aggressive. Women have often been deemed as sensitive, caring, warm, and gentle. Society has placed these so called labels upon the gender roles of men and women. When the roles are reversed and one takes on a role set aside for the opposite gender, one may suggest that genders are going against the stereotypical description. One may also suggest that these stereotypical descriptions are higher levels of masculinity femininity. Gender Identity and Roles 3 Even though gender stereotyping plays a small part in the role of gender identity, there are other conflicts that may contribute to one’s identity with one of the sexes. Being a female, the author is very secure with her female identification. Having this identification comes not only come from having the physical traits in which fit the description of being feminine, but also from the chromosomes that are consistent with the genetic makeup. The author also fits in to the stereotypes of gender role and can be described as being warm, sensitive, and affectionate. These are traits associated in the authors personality and are incorporated in everyday living. Stereotypes, behaviors, and physical traits help the author in regard to the identification of being a female. Unlike the author when nature makes a mistake, it leaves some with conflictions of their genetic makeup and hard to distinguish their gender identity by not being assigned a sex. A hermaphrodite is born with both ovarian and testicular tissue. Even though gender assignment is given at birth, a hermaphrodite will make the assumption for the duration of their life ( Rathus, Nevid, and Fichner Rathus, 2005). Should the individual not continue with the gender assignment given at birth, many may have personal struggles, or issues with gender stereotypes. If one considers transsexualism, a person whom feels trapped in the wrong body but has obvious physical and genetic characteristics. Those that are identified by intersexualism are easily confused as a hermaphrodite. Both genitalia are not present at birth. An intersex person has either ovaries, or testes. According to our reading, genitals are often ambiguous or resemble those of the other sex. Another form of intersexualism is known as the Dominican Republic Syndrome. The ability to identify as a male or female is caused by a genetic enzyme disorder that prevents testosterone from masculinizing the external genitalia ( Rathus, Nevid, and Fichner Rathus, 2005). The results are the external genitals are malformed but have normal internal organs. Because of the malformation, the sex assignment at birth was labeled a girl based off of the resemblance of female genitalia. When boys reach puberty, normal 4 Gender Identity and Roles pubescent changes occurred and their bodies began to masculine. These changes of puberty changed, what was once thought to be a clitoris into a penis, and resulted in a majority of those being raised as girls to shift to a male gender identity ( Rathus, Nevid, and Fichner Rathus, 2005). In conclusion, gender identity is not set in stone. Many things contribute to an individual’s sense of being either a male or female. When hormonal errors occur, this can cause a person to forever question one’s gender identity as well as an individual’s sense of being. References Rathus, S.A., Nevid, J.S., and Fichner Rathus, L. (2005). Human sexuality in a world of diversity. (6 th ed.) Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon
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