ENG 125 Week 4 DQs
ENG 125 Week 4 DQs
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Date Created: 11/13/15
Week 4 DQl Question Chapter 13 discusses the major elements of drama and distinguishes the form from other genres like the short story and poetry Using the play Riders to the Sea Synge as an example discuss what elements and qualities make drama unique as a literary form Support your ideas with textual evidence from Synge s play In your post take into consideration how the literary themes of Riders to the Sea relate to the dramatic form DQl Answer quotRiders to the Seaquot is set in Ireland The preface of this dramatic play is provided before the play dialogue begins This enabled me to understand there would be an accent to the characters of Irish decent In reading this play I had a hard time actually depicting what the characters were trying to say because it was set back in 1903 as Synge wrote this it was written in original English with the Irish accent Between those two barriers it was difficult to comprehend and I did have to read parts over and over again to fully grasp what Synge was trying to convey to me However writing the preface to the story the point of how the story began how the story came to be painted the picture in my head before the play began Poems do not typically lead up to the beginning with a preface of where the poem came from or how it began Short stories sometimes do but not to the blunt extent that a play does A play provides very short and powerful statements at the beginning that need very little elaboration further on It tells us who the characters are and their relation to one another and it also tells us how the first scene of the play came to be It is written in short form This play was obviously different from a poem because unlike a poem this play gave the details that a reader would need in order to visualize the picture exactly as the writer intends The play provided the set up of the character and settings that short stories do not provide Where as a short story starts out something like quotIt was a cold winter night in Clevelandquot this play starts out with the preface quotSCENE An island off the West of Ireland Cottage kitchen with nets oil skins spinning wheel some new boards standing by the wall etc Cathleen a girl of about twenty finishes kneading cake and puts it down in the pot oven by the re then wipes her hands and begins to spin at the wheel Nora a young girl puts her head in at the door quot As the dialogue continues there are inserts of actions in between or directives as to whom the character39s verbiage is directed This helped me know when the setting changed even while the characters were speaking It also helps when there are multiple people in a conversation to know who is speaking and who they are speaking to As an example it is written quotBARTLEY To Cathleenquot which tells me Bartley is speaking to Cathleen Short stories use things like quotand he said to herquot however in plays such as this the quothequot and quotherquot could be misconstrued by the reader if not clearly defined by the narrator In a short story or poem the action either follows or precedes the verbal quotations The play has it in between lines and in italics so that I know that a new action is taking place Sometimes in a short story setting changes can be missed This can be due to the fact that the writer left them out or it was not significant enough for us the readers to catch on to the context clues of change With each italicized action you can certainly get the gist of how the narrator would be speaking it to you if in an actual play versus written It is in clear English and not broken as the dialogue is That separates it from the dialogue as well The people in this play represent different parts of literary themes quotOne of the womenquot is how a woman is described as she happened to walk into a conversation However she was not an important part of the story There was also an old man that said quotAre there nails with themquot The people not clearly defined by name are considered minor characters Nora was Cathleen39s confidant When Nora came in with the bundle under her shawl she immediately told Cathleen the story behind the bundle and what it was Syng used interpretative power to make me want to read further As an example he had narrated in that quotNora comes in softly and takes a bundle from under her shawl quot Reading this I could feel the cold air that must have been outside I could sense that whatever was under her shirt had to be worth hiding or protecting It made me want to read further into the play to see what was under her shawl Synge also uses stage directions as part of the narrative When he writes quotGoes to the inner door and listensquot not only is that a stage direction but it allows the reader to actually visualize this when read versus watched These stage directions are used in the physical play However in reading the play it gives us the readers the ability to visualize the actions Another good example is quotNora picks up the turf and puts it round the pot ovenquot I also enjoyed how Synge used parts of the play to be so dramatic Short stories do not typically branch out to encompass the reader so much in a preface It reminded me of the soap operas my wife watches It was almost like something people do in real life but not in the ways that the writer is creating the scenes in the play quot MA UR YA Turning round to the re and putting her shawl over her head quotIsn39t it a hard and cruel man won 39t hear a word from an old woman and she holding him from the sea It39s the life of a young man to be going on the sea and who would listen to an old woman with one thing and she saying it over quot In this exact scene I got the idea that Maurya wanted to be listened to by Bartley She wanted attention and therefore she turned her back to him which caused a dramatic effect I have seen things like this on soap operas before so I knew this exact action It was Synge39s way of giving the reader or audience the dramatic feeling through actions This could also be part of the interpretative power Maurya took the spot light in this scene and was the dominant one just by her action of turning her back to Bartley It was an emotional scene to me because Synge described how Maurya turned around you could sense her sadness Then her words drew in pity from me the reader The intensity of emotions was part of the literary theme within this play that I do not normally get from a story When Maurya speaks at the end I get the feeling that it is meant to be a soliloquy When she quotpauses and the keen rises 61 little more loudly from the women then sinks awayquot you get the picture that she is sneaking away to have her own moment of thought She thinks out loud to the audience so that we can understand her feelings as the curtains close DQ2 Question Shakespeare s Macbeth is often considered one of literature s greatest tragedies and is said to reveal much about human nature Do you agree or disagree that the play conveys much about humanity or about the human experience What if anything does the work suggest about human beings or society Support your views with textual details and analysis In your response address how Macbeth s subject matter themes form or other literary elements might or might not be characteristic of tragedy How do tragic qualities of the play contribute or not to the story s larger messages DQ2 Answer I would concur that Macbeth is one of the superior writings in literary arts Macbeth starts out as a good character and ends as the villain This is indeed an example of the human experience Throughout this play the audience experiences emotion of pity regret sadness and pride The play exudes a relatable experience to anyone who reads or watches this play We can all relate to doing something spiteful out of greed as Macbeth does We can all relate to Banquo39s death as we have all been innocent bystanders and somehow gotten the brunt of the trouble and consequence We have all pushed someone to do something we know may not be right as Lady Macbeth does We have all experienced paranoia once we have done something bad There are so many emotions and actions that we today can relate to which makes this play one of the human experience This play ultimately makes one question the intention of their neighbor or friend I personally read this play and it made me question both myself and the people around me If Macbeth can go from a nice guy to an evil guy because of something that some witches told him what is to say that my neighbor would not turn on me if he was told something by another It suggests that firstly society is callable in this example The play also suggests to me that society places pride and personal achievement over that of others around them When he goes off to battle I started to feel the gears turning Coming back from battle he did not gain the respect he felt he deserved This changed Macbeth39s character the motivation of hubris When Macbeth killed Duncan it was for selfish greed of gaining place on the throne of Cawdor This was the unforeseen turning point of the story to where Macbeth starts down the path of evil Being unable to see this turning point coming draws emotion from the audience and thus becomes the first tragic experience within the play Ultimately a good man who turned evil ended up killing many innocent people Once he meets the witches and they tell him the prophecy that he will be placed on the throne of Cawdor a sense of greed sets in This greed is only fueled by his wife Lady Macbeth To relate this to the current I am married and if I want a new tool set my wife is my inspiration when she tells me quotgo ahead and buy it honeyquot So when Macbeth is supported by his wife in his ambitious journey of greed I can relate to this This interpretative power is set forth early on within the play on the part of Macbeth Comparing the characters with key literary points it was obvious to me that each character represented a piece of the drama The witches are a good representation of fate The play started off with the witches speaking to one another about going to see Macbeth It would be today as fate would have it rather than witches It was a comparable note from the play versus real life If we replaced the witches in the play with quotfatequot it makes this a relatable human experience The witches play on Macbeth and Lady Macbeth39s tragic aws of greed and ambition Macbeth is considered a round character his actions and behavior is revealing of the character in which he is and becomes Banquo is the at character type His character is predictable He is the typical good guy that is never rewarded You can see this type of character in pretty much any movie today Ultimately he is killed by Macbeth even after being Macbeth39s friend for many years Lady Macbeth is comparable to any successful woman in today39s society She is driven by goals and power although her ways of achieving goals and attaining power are unwise and evil Her very own greed to succeed is what we the audience are left to assume The tragic hero in this play becomes MacDuff Macbeth was warned to be ware of Macduff as he was born from a caesarean and had the ability to kill Macbeth but Macbeth did not listen Instead he suffered the ultimate price his life for not listening to the witches as MacDuff killed Macbeth and restored the throne to good standing Macbeth is a tragedy It forces emotions from the audience The cathearsis at the end of each tragic event within this play is felt even in reading the play Reading this play and feeling the emotion through use of blank verses couplets and iambic pentameters it was difficult to follow in the first time through I focused on the rhythm and then lack thereof on my first read through It did not allow me to feel emotion from it Reading it again taking only the actual context and not the form of the play into consideration I understood the bigger picture The ultimate theme of the play was more so a lesson to the audience to not let ambition and greed push us in the direction of tragedy instead the play suggests we can have pride and be a good person as MacDuff portrayed in the play and still succeed in reaching goals This play shows us an extreme tragedy as an example of a consequence that we could experience if we did not choose our actions more carefully The tragedies of this play ultimately added to the lesson set forth by Shakespeare
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