Final Study Guide Notes
Final Study Guide Notes Psychology 1101
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Danielle Nwefo on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psychology 1101 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Tim Flemming in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 133 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 03/30/16
April 5th, 2016 Intelligence mental potential to learn from experience, solve problems, and adapt to new situations ● being highly functional in our daily lives ● Fluid vs Crystallized Intelligence a. Fluid application b. Crystallized accusation of facts ● IQ: Intelligence Quotient: mental age a. Actual age x 100 ● Speerman’s G: General intelligence; solving familiar problems in an unfamiliar context; application of knowledge to new situations ● Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory 8 independent types of “skills” intelligence ● Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory of Intelligence: (multiple intelligence) independent a. Analytical (BOOK SMART) IQ Score vertical skills, math skills b. Creative Intelligence novel application/ generation of new ideas c. Practical intelligence (STREET SMART) “application” to everyday tasks ● Assessment: ○ Wechsler’s Adult Intelligence Scale ■ recognizing patterns ■ abstract reasoning ■ constant over lifetime ○ Reliability is reliable ○ Validity Intelligence = SAT performance; they are designed to measure whether the test is designed to measure= whatever we define intelligence as ● Group Differences ○ Environmental Factors malnutrition: neurons don't function optimally ○ Povertystress impedes cognitive performance ● Test Taking Factors ○ Stereotype Threat self doubt influencing test outcome April 7th, 2016 Stress response ● Exhaustion physically and mentally ○ Weight gain or loss: metabolic: physical arousal ■ Readiness potential fight or flight ■ Need to respond ● Stressors event that causes a stress response ○ No. 1 stressor: death of spouse or close friend ○ No. 2 and 3: divorce/prison ○ No. 4: getting married ○ No. 5: having a child ● Stress Response: ○ General Adaption Syndrome ■ 1. Alarm Reaction reflex mobilizing resources ■ 2. Resist Confronting: make stranger go away ■ 3. Exhaustion resources depleted ● Stress Arousal ○ Stressor…Appraisal...Response ■ Appraisal mindset: threat & avoidance/ challenge ■ Response: 1: threat stressed to exhaustion; 2. aroused focused ● Coping: ○ 1. Problem focused objective confronting stressor for permanent deletion ○ 2. Emotion focused avoid attend to emotional needs ■ Think about positive things ○ 3. Learned Helplessness giving up responses that were not successful ■ Not contemporary in behavior ● Anxiety Disorders GAS that is prolonged with no end in sight; no visible turn of events ○ Panic ○ PTSD ○ Phobias April 12th, 2016 Psychological Disorders ● Disfunctional interferes with daily life on regular basis ● Statistically atypical/uncommon extraordinary Depression build up of learned helplessness and frustration: giving up entirely ● Feelings of sadness widespread 1. Biological Perspective a. Norepinephrine general exciting neurotransmitter; normal, higher arousal b. Seratonin mood/ regulates emotion i. SSRI block reuptake (Specific Seratonin Reuptake Inhibitor) April 14th, 2016 Therapeutic Approaches in Psychology ● Psychotherapy talk therapy, history focused; Interpretation of Resistance (“Mental Block”) defense mechanism ○ Humanistic Therapy: ■ promote personal growth and change ■ Identifying issues ■ Self aware ■ Client focused/ future focused ○ Active Listening/Reflective Speech ■ “How does this make you feel?” ■ Feeling, thinking about feeling ■ problem focused ■ gaining a new perspective ● Biomedical Therapy drugs (psychoactive) Neurotransmitter function ● Behavior Therapy principles of learning ○ Classical Counterconditioning ■ Expose to US (unconditioned stimulus) ■ systematic desensitization ○ Operant Contingency Management (cause & effect) ■ system of reward/punishment for actions ● Cognitive Therapy introducing adaptive ways of thinking ○ Change: ■ Focus: internal to external ■ Appraisal: threat to challenge ■ Perspective: stable to temporary to global to specific ■ Coping to Regain Control: showing you have had control ● Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes ○ Mindfulness being aware of healthy coping ○ Proactive/Preventative Resilience Practice ■ Adaptability
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