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Final Study Guide Notes

by: Danielle Nwefo

Final Study Guide Notes Psychology 1101

Danielle Nwefo

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About this Document

These notes cover the final unit.
General Psychology
Dr. Tim Flemming
Study Guide
Intro to Psychology
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Danielle Nwefo on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psychology 1101 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Tim Flemming in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 133 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at Georgia State University.

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Date Created: 03/30/16
April 5th, 2016    Intelligence­ mental potential to learn from experience, solve problems, and adapt to new  situations   ● being highly functional in our daily lives  ● Fluid vs Crystallized Intelligence  a. Fluid­ application  b. Crystallized­ accusation of facts  ● IQ: Intelligence Quotient: mental age  a. Actual age x 100  ● Speerman’s G: General intelligence; solving familiar problems in an unfamiliar context;  application of knowledge to new situations  ● Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory­ 8 independent types of “skills”­ intelligence   ● Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory of Intelligence: (multiple intelligence)­ independent  a. Analytical­ (BOOK SMART) IQ Score­ vertical skills, math skills  b. Creative Intelligence­ novel application/ generation of new ideas  c. Practical intelligence (STREET SMART)­ “application” to everyday tasks    ● Assessment:  ○ Wechsler’s Adult Intelligence Scale  ■ recognizing patterns  ■ abstract reasoning  ■ constant over lifetime   ○ Reliability­ is reliable  ○ Validity­ Intelligence = SAT performance; they are designed to measure whether  the test is designed to measure= whatever we define intelligence as  ● Group Differences­  ○ Environmental Factors­ malnutrition: neurons don't function optimally  ○ Poverty­stress­ impedes cognitive performance   ● Test Taking Factors  ○ Stereotype Threat­ self doubt influencing test outcome      April 7th, 2016    Stress­ response  ● Exhaustion­ physically and mentally  ○ Weight gain or loss: metabolic: physical arousal  ■ Readiness potential­ fight or flight  ■ Need to respond  ● Stressors­ event that causes a stress response  ○ No. 1 stressor: death of spouse or close friend  ○ No. 2 and 3: divorce/prison  ○ No. 4: getting married  ○ No. 5: having a child    ● Stress Response:  ○ General Adaption Syndrome  ■ 1. Alarm Reaction­ reflex­ mobilizing resources  ■ 2. Resist­ Confronting: make stranger go away  ■ 3. Exhaustion­ resources depleted   ● Stress Arousal  ○ Stressor…Appraisal...Response  ■ Appraisal­ mindset: threat & avoidance/ challenge   ■ Response: 1: threat­ stressed to exhaustion; 2. aroused­ focused  ● Coping:  ○ 1. Problem­ focused­ objective­ confronting stressor for permanent deletion  ○ 2. Emotion­ focused­ avoid­ attend to emotional needs  ■ Think about positive things  ○ 3. Learned Helplessness­ giving up responses that were not successful   ■ Not contemporary in behavior  ● Anxiety Disorders­ GAS that is prolonged with no end in sight; no visible turn of events  ○ Panic  ○ PTSD  ○ Phobias      April 12th, 2016    Psychological Disorders    ● Disfunctional­ interferes with daily life on regular basis  ● Statistically atypical/uncommon­ extraordinary    Depression­ build up of learned helplessness and frustration: giving up entirely  ● Feelings of sadness­ widespread    1. Biological Perspective  a. Norepinephrine­ general exciting neurotransmitter; normal, higher arousal  b. Seratonin­ mood/ regulates emotion  i. SSRI­ block reuptake (Specific Seratonin Reuptake Inhibitor)              April 14th, 2016    Therapeutic Approaches in Psychology    ● Psychotherapy­ talk therapy, history focused; Interpretation of Resistance (“Mental  Block”)­ defense mechanism  ○ Humanistic Therapy:  ■ promote personal growth and change  ■ Identifying issues  ■ Self aware  ■ Client focused/ future focused  ○ Active Listening/Reflective Speech  ■ “How does this make you feel?”  ■ Feeling, thinking about feeling  ■ problem focused  ■ gaining a new perspective  ● Biomedical Therapy­ drugs (psychoactive)­ Neurotransmitter function    ● Behavior Therapy­ principles of learning  ○ Classical­ Counterconditioning   ■ Expose to US (unconditioned stimulus)  ■ systematic desensitization  ○ Operant­ Contingency Management (cause & effect)  ■ system of reward/punishment for actions  ● Cognitive Therapy­ introducing adaptive ways of thinking  ○ Change:  ■ Focus: internal to external  ■ Appraisal: threat to challenge  ■ Perspective: stable to temporary to global to specific  ■ Coping to Regain Control: showing you have had control  ● Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes  ○ Mindfulness­ being aware of healthy coping  ○ Proactive/Preventative Resilience Practice  ■ Adaptability   


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