African Civilization: EXAM I Study Guide
African Civilization: EXAM I Study Guide AFAMST 1122
Popular in AFRICAN CIVILIZATION 1870 TO PRESENT
Popular in African American Studies
This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by CMDChiimeh on Wednesday January 28, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to AFAMST 1122 at Ohio State University taught by Paul Cook in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 392 views. For similar materials see AFRICAN CIVILIZATION 1870 TO PRESENT in African American Studies at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 01/28/15
AFAMAST 1122 EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE 4 FEBUARY 2015 AFRICAN CIVILIZATION 1870 TO PRESENT 11151011115 Both quantitative changes and qualitative changes E volutionaiy v Revolutionary Two things that ofhistory 1 Classism 2 Racism Always lookfor the role the are playing because the masses are the true makers of History CHLILIIREJS 1 Human s struggle w nature experience 2 Human s struggle with each other AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT 1 AGRICULTURE II COLLECTIVE SOCIETY III KINSHIPLINEAGE IV SELFSUFFICIENCY V SOCIETY ORGANIZATION VI SPIRITUAL COMMUNITY 1 Agriculture Based Increasing AGRICULTURE In creasing POPULA TION In creasing moreAGRIC UL TURE A Increasing Increasing AGRICULTURE POPULATION AFAMAST 1122 EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE 4 FEBUARY 2015 AFRICAN CIVILIZATION 1870 TO PRESENT More than what youneed I Division of La borSpecialization of Labor Ruling Class Emergence of African States I Kongo I Ghana also the title of their war chief I Mali Masaquot is the title of monarchs here I Songhay I Mossi States Using the Kongo as a case study this kingdom had a decentralized monarchy and regional authority in other words decentralize 9 Italso developed a tribute redistribution system and a growth and importance for trade 11 Collective Society Having more meantan obligation to be ofservice to those who made it possible foryou to have more I People are the most important resource I NO CLASSES I Collective ownership III Kinship Lineage I Common ancestry I You are who you are because of your membership in a group I What makes someone African is your core values IV SelfSufficiency of the Collective I No dependency on trade from external sources I Kinship based production I Production for use not for sale V Organization of Communal Society I Council of Elders 0 Implementation to people age grade sets I Age grade sets AFAMAST 1122 EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE 4 FEBUARY 2015 AFRICAN CIVILIZATION 1870 TO PRESENT o Consensus to council 0 I Young gt Learning and going to school I 18 35 yrs gt Most were workers main source of reproduction I Elders gt Project and charting courses for the future VI Spiritual Community For things toga rightin the material world things need to go rightspiritually I Spiritual Kinship Groups I No separation between church and state 0 Ex Egypt was a state of monotheism with other godssubdeities and kingdoms operations in service to one god W951 I COMMUNALISM II SLAVERY CHATTEL OR BONDAGE III FEUDALISM IV CAPITALISM I Communal Ideology I Humanism o Humans are an end to themselves the primary objective and NEVERa means to an end 0 quotPeople are the most important resourcequot I E galitarianism o Belief that humans are equal and should have equal opportunity 0 Strengthens groups I Collectivism 0 Group is most important union in society with its prime responsibility to the community s wellbeing NonAntagonistic Strengthens both group and individual quotDevelopment of I is the development of anotherquot Respect Honor and Obligation II Slaveryin Communal Africa Bondage v Chattel 0000 Bondage slaves were notbelonging t0 the gro upcommunity Theywere I Outsiders o WarCon ict o POW AFAMAST 1122 EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE 4 FEBUARY 2015 AFRICAN CIVILIZATION 1870 TO PRESENT o Orphans refugees I Outcasts 0 Criminal Elements and desired to belong in the group through a process of incorporation I Family I Merchants I Advisors I Kings Bondage Slavery Chattel Slavery I Outc astOutsiders I Owned Land I Had family I Status would not have to carry I Ownership over entire human being III Feudalism Stagnation of Industry I Classist and elitistracist ideology I Class Elite Hierarchy I Land is the basis of wealth o Opp of having more meant more power I Europe Asia and parts of Africa IV Merchant Capitalism The Colonial Economy the Transfer of Wealth Plantation Economy Mining Economy Merchant Economy I Sugar Brazil leading I Gold I TransOceanic I Tobacco I Silver Connections I Cotton I Diamonds big in I Financial Structures I Rice Brazil I Indigo I Coffee The roleA ica Played I Desperate need forlabor o Chattel slave labor I Provider of captives to be made into slaves in Western Hemisphere 0 Brazil gets bulk I The African slave trade 0 The oil of that era 39 The 0 A contract lent out by Spain dominating the trade of slaves to them whomever holds AFAMAST 1122 EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE 4 FEBUARY 2015 AFRICAN CIVILIZATION 1870 TO PRESENT I Portuguese 1500 9 Dutch 1600 9BritishFrench 1660 9British 1760 EUROPEAN DEVELOPMENT 1 CRISIS II COLONIALISM III EUROPEAN EXPANSION 1 Crisis for Europe I War 0 100 Years War 116 years long I Plague o Bubonic I Ottoman Blockade of 1453 o No route from Indian Ocean to Mediterranean 11 Colonialism Political and economicdomination ofone nation state or culture overanotherfor purpose ofeconomicgain The Colonies the colonized The Mother Country The Colonists I No Industry I Industrial Development I Forced Labor I Finished Commodities I Slave Labor I Wage Labor I Raw Material Production I Factories I Production for International Market I I 1 Must wage war Do away with leadership 3 Suppress ideology to destroy unions a Ex Destabilizing African Spiritual Communities Church amp State 4 ClaimJand 5 Establish a system of governance or reengineer already established ones to fit around 5 your interest control labor control resources NativeAmerican Mortality 95 eradication I SlaveryEncomienda Controlling established labor I War I Disease I Reducciones 111 Economic Expansion AFAMAST 1122 EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE 4 FEBUARY 2015 AFRICAN CIVILIZATION 1870 To PRESENT Securing Fortune I Great Britain quotendsquot The Slave Trade 1808 o Moral Reasons 0 Economics Economic Interest Reason I Freezes everyone s assets slaves I In the Industrial Revolution slave are no longer needed and get in way I The Treaty of Tordesillas 1494 SpanishPortuguese conquests in America I Europe divides up the land of Africain Berlin Accelerated Developmentin Europe Qualitative gap between EUR and the rest of world I Increase in trade and commerce Stimulation of banking I Development of factories Development of plantation economy
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