PSY 410 Week 4 - Matrix Individual
PSY 410 Week 4 - Matrix Individual
Popular in Course
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
This 19 page Study Guide was uploaded by kimwood Notetaker on Friday November 13, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.
Reviews for PSY 410 Week 4 - Matrix Individual
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 11/13/15
Schizophrenia/PSYCHOSIS, lifespan Development, psychological stress, and physical disorders Definitio Schizophrenia/Psychosis Psychological Stress ns Lifespan Development Physical Disorders DSM-IV POSTIVE/TYPE I Childhood Disorders Categorizing Stress related TR NEGATIVE/TYPE Stressor physical disorders Disorde II rs/ 5 prominent A Statistic - A disorder Childhood disorders Life events-life psychophysiological al marked by which affects the changes, both disorders is a psychosis and a cognitive growth in positive and medical illness decline in children. negative, that caused by adaptive require adaptation exacerbated stress functioning. Mental Retardation -Severely impaired Chronic Stress Psychological stress Positive/Type I intellectual -ongoing stress and unhealthy -Pathological functioning and related to difficult Behaviors excesses, such adaptive behavior. everyday life -poor eating choices as delusions, circumstances such reduces health hallucinations, as poverty or long- promoting behaviors and disorganized term family strife speech, thought, Learning Disorders Psychological Stress or behaviors -Deficits in specific Daily Hassles and Adverse academic skills -minor stresses of Physiological Negative/Type II compared to what everyday life Reactions -Pathological would be expected -contributes to deficits, such as given a child’s age, Catastrophic events cardiovascular flat affect, loss of schooling, and -extreme and disease affects motivation, and intelligence. unusual negative immune system poverty of events that hypertension, speech Persuasive invariably cause asthma, migraine developmental significant stress headaches and (Other related disorders cancer (Hansell & disorders) -Severe impairment Damour, 2008). schizophrenia, in several areas of Page of 1 schizophreniform development. disorder, brief psychotic disorder, delusional disorder, shared Attention deficit and delusional disruptive behavior disorder, disorder (ADHD) schizoaffective -A disruptive disorder. behavior disorder involving symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, a broad diagnostic category that includes attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, and conduct disorder. Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) -A disruptive behavior disorder involving consistently negativistic, hostile, and defiant behavior. Late Adulthood Stage Disorders Page 2of 1 Delirium A transient cognitive disorder involving disruptions in attention, and changes in cognitive capacity wuch as memory loss, disorientation, or language problem Dementia -A progressive cognitive disorder involving development of multiple cognitive deficits, including memory impairment and aphasia, apraxia, agnosia, or disturbance in executive functioning Amnesia -Memory impairment that results from a physical cause and occurs in the absence of other additional cognitive impairment. Page of 1 Positive/Type I Mental Retardation Life Events Psychophysiological Diagnos disorders tic *Delusional *Significantly sub- *Positive events- *Paths to physical Criteria *Hallucinations average general birth of a child, illness from *Disorganized intellectual graduation, new job, excessive abuse due Speech functioning, IQ less new car, purchased to stress related *Grossly than 70 new home complications disorganized or catatonic *Significant *Negative events- *Increase in the behavior limitations in at least deaths, loss of following: two of the following employment, Negative/Type II areas of adaptive divorce, physical * caffeine *Negative functioning: injury consumption Page of 1 symptoms (such communication, self- as lack of care, home living, *Chronic Stress *Nicotine emotion, speech, social/interpersonal or motivation) skills, use of *Poverty *Foods high in fat community Additional resources, self- *Long-term strife *High sodium symptoms: direction, functional *High in sugar *Social/occupatio academic skills, work *Living in a crowded content nal dysfunction leisure, health, and environment and decline safety. *lack of sleep *Continuous *Daily hassles, signs of the minor stresses *psychological stress disorder for at Learning disorders- can adversely affect least 6 months Academic the bodies normal achievement is below physiological duties Subtypes of what is expected in causing an increase Schizophrenia: the areas of reading, in blood pressure, mathematics, or heart rate, muscle *Paranoid- written expression, tension, deepened prominent not meeting overall and quickened delusions or intelligence or breathing, and auditory general education. secretion of stress hallucinations hormones(Hansell & *The deficiencies Damour, 2008). *Disorganized- interfere with Prominent academic disorganized achievement and/or speech, activities of daily disorganized living. behavior, and flat or inappropriate Persuasive affect. development *Catatonic- disorders- prominent Autism psychomotoric *Impaired social Page of 1 symptoms, such interaction, as as rigid physical demonstrated by: immobility, and absence of non- unresponsivenes verbal behaviors; s or extreme disinterest in behavioral developing age- agitation, appropriate muteness, friendships with echolalia, and peers; general lack echopraxia. of interest in relationships; lack of *Undifferentiated social or emotional -active exchanges with schizophrenia others. symptoms that do not fit the *Impaired paranoid, communication as disorganized, or demonstrated by: catatonic delayed or absent subtypes. spoken language; when speech is *Residual- present, in ability to following at least maintain a one episode of conversation; odd schizophrenia, a languages, or state in which repetitive use of there are no words ; absence of prominent age-appropriated positive pretend play symptoms of schizophrenia *Rigid and repetitive but some patterns of behavior, negative interests, and symptoms and activities: milder positive abnormally intense Page of 1 symptoms and narrow patterns remain. of interest; inflexible adherence to 60 to 70 % of meaningless individuals with routines; odd and schizophrenia repetitive physical never marry, and movements; pre- those who do occupation with often report poor parts of objects. quality marriages and Attention Deficit and high rates of Disruptive disorder- separation or *symptoms of divorce (Hansell inattention, missing & Damour, 2008). important details when working; having trouble paying attention to one thing for a sustained period of time; not listening to other; forgetting instructions; being disorganized, easily distracted, and/or forgetful; frequently losing things *symptoms of hyperactivity, frequent fidgeting or squirming; inability to remain seated when expected to do so; excessive motor Page of 1 activity; difficulty relaxing quietly, excessive talking. *symptoms of impulsivity, blurts out answers to questions; can’t wait for his or her turn; interrupts or bother others, some inattentive or hyperactive- impulsive symptoms must be present and cause , impairment before 7years of age; impairment from the symptoms must occur in two or more settings (school and home). Operational Defiant Disorders- *Losing temper *Arguing with adults *Defying rules and/or refusing to comply with requests from adults *Deliberately Page of 1 annoying others *Blaming other for personal mistakes and misbehavior *Being touchy or reactive *Being angry and resentful *Being spiteful and vindictive *These behavioral symptoms significantly interfere with social, academic, or social occupational functioning Mental retardation- Life time prevalence estimate: 1% of the population (Hansell & Damour, 2008). Learning disorders- Life time prevalence estimate: 2-10% (Hansell & Damour, 2008). Page of 1 Persuasive development disorder- Life time prevalence estimate: approximately 5 cases per 10,000 individuals (Hansell & Damour, 2008). ADHD- prevalence estimates: attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: 3-7 % of school age children, conduct disorder: 1- 10 % of school aged population, oppositional defiant disorder: 2-16 % in school age population Separation Anxiety Disorder: prevalence estimate: 4 % of children and young adolescents. (Hansell & Damour, 2008). Page 10 of 1 Late Adulthood Disorders Delirium- *Disturbed consciousness with difficulty focusing, sustaining, or shifting attention. *marked changes in cognitive capacity such as memory loss, disorientation, or language problems. *difficulties develop rapidly over the course of a few hours or days and tend to be more or less severe at different times during the day. Dementia- *Development of multiple cognitive deficits including both memory impairment and one or more of the Page 11 of 1 following cognitive disturbances: aphasia (difficulty speaking), apraxia (impaired motor- skills), agnosia (difficulty recognizing things), and disturbance in executive functioning (the ability to plan, initiate, monitor, and stop complex behaviors). *the cognitive deficits interfere with social or occupational functioning and represent a significant decline from previous levels of functioning. Amnesia- *The development of memory impairment, in the form of inability to learn new information, or inability to recall previously learned Page 12 of 1 information. *The memory disturbance causes significant impairment in social or occupational functioning and represents a significant decline from a previous level of functioning. *The memory disturbance does not occur exclusively during the course of a delirium or dementia. Page 13 of 1 Classific Schizophrenia/Psychosis Lifespan Psychological Stress Physical ation- Development Disorders tions *Can occur as *The following are 5 *All ages can be *Adults are more Age early as 5 years prominent disorders subjected to stress likely to suffer of age usually diagnosed physical conditions during infancy, *Stress impacts from stress *Ages 60 years childhood, or ages differently disorders. and older are adolescents (Hansell susceptible & Damour, 2008). *Separation anxiety *children too can disorder, from home, suffer physically, this *Men appearance *Mental retardation parents (prevalence usually leads to onset in their onset before 18 estimate: 4% of somatoform early 20s years of age children and young disorders adolescent) *Usually occurs *Learning disorders *stress has a in early are genetic and/or a significant impact on adulthood, neurological adults. however any age abnormality affecting as early as 5 academic skills *substance abuse in years old can be adolescents and affected. *Persuasive adults from chronic developmental stress disorders are life- long conditions diagnosed in early life. Page 14 of 1 *Attention deficit disorder *Oppositional defiant disorder occurs in children and adolescents. 25% of the children diagnosed with ODD eventually engage in illegal acts *Elderly population is included in lifespan and cognitive disorders. *1% of 60 years old suffer from Alzheimer’s (Hansell & Damour, 2008). *20-30 % of 85 year olds suffer from Alzheimer (Hansell & Damour, 2008). *4.5 million Americans suffers from Alzheimer’s disease (Hansell & Damour, 2008). Page 15 of 1 Gender *Manifests *Males and females *Individual *Chronic stress has a differently in can suffer from perception higher mortality rate men and women. childhood disorders in men at risk with *Hair loss coronary artery *Women have a disease (Hansell & higher success *Weight loss Damour, 2008). rate than men with a better *Women are *woman may suffer prognosis. affected by from disorder early psychological stress in life, since women *For a better generally have an prognosis early *Males tend to overabundance of detection, resort to substance responsibilities treatment, abuse prominent mood symptoms, normal neuropsychologic al findings, compliance with treatment, family history of mood disorders rather than schizophrenia, Page 16 of 1 and lack of substance abuse (Hansell & Damour, 2008). Higher class has Childhood disorders *Any class of people *People who live in a lower can suffer from life lower socioeconomic Class percentile than *mental retardation events, chronic neighborhoods those of middle affects all classes, stress, daily hassles, report worse health and lower some classes may be and catastrophic and psychological classes. more susceptible to events. distress. this disorder, socio- *twice as high cultural and *people of lower *People living in a among urban biological factors socioeconomic better socioeconomic poor(factors of inadequate groups are more status have less stress and nourishment and likely to suffer from worries of crime. socioeconomic minimal to no various stressors downward drift environmental more than their *People caring for a stimulation peers. sick loved-one or spouse *1 % of the *learning disorders *Stress does mean population are genetic and may different things to affected (Hansell also come from different people & Damour, 2008). environmental (Hansell & Damour, factors at home and 2008). school. Children who are in lower socioeconomic classes tend to suffer more from disorders, due to pre-existing disadvantages. *Persuasive developmental disorders in the case Page 17 of 1 of autism may be related to the age of the father during the child’s conception (Hansell & Damour, 2008). *ADHD can affect any class; symptoms may develop when caregivers do not help the child develop skills for emotional and behavioral self- regulation. Child is either over- stimulated or under stimulated (Hansell & Damour, 2008). *Oppositional defiant disorder affects children living in poverty, dangerous neighborhoods, but not all children (Hansell & Damour, 2008). Children living in highly dysfunctional families are more susceptible. nd Hansell, J., Damour, L. (2008). Abnormal Psychology. (2 ed).Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Page 18 of 1 Page 19 of 1
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'