BCOM275 Week 4 DQ 3 - When Should You Be Suspicious
BCOM275 Week 4 DQ 3 - When Should You Be Suspicious
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Date Created: 11/13/15
Week 4, DQ3: When Should You Be Suspicious??? Thinking critically does not mean that we walk around with a snarl, eager to pounce on and attack every utterance heard or sentence read. At the same time, however, we must be vigilant in a world where both persuasion and manipulation are used, with great effect, to unlawfully or unethically take our time and treasure and even our lives. To wit: The ongoing financial crisis of 2008, the charge and ultimately futile search for weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, 1950s ads for cigarettes as being good for your "Tzone" (throat and esophagus), an infinite number of ads for food products that taste good but have little or no nutritional value, the corresponding paucity of ads or information about the pervasiveness of sugar and high fructose corn syrup in the food chain, and the list could go on.... A. What keys or tips can raise suspicion about the validity of arguments that are presented verbally? Cite at least one specific example of something you heard recently. B. What keys or tips can raise suspicion about the validity of arguments that are presented in writing? Cite at least one specific example of something you read recently. RESPONSE 1 For someone like myself who prides in taking care of my body by working out both cardiovascularly and anaerobically (weight training), I get disgusted with these commercials that show a man or woman who is rocking a 10% body fat or less with a six pack, and the company is trying to sell a product, and for instance, most of these companies say something like "you too can look like this in only 30 minutes a day, three times a week!" Anyone who has done a workout program understands how much work it takes to not only lose weight, but to lose fat and gain mass, takes an extreme amount of work, so those ads always make me chuckle. For products or advertisements that are written, or in magazines, the golden rule that I have always lived by is, "if sounds too good to be true, it probably is." For example, anything with the word "FREE" attached to it, usually entails for you to signup or take a survey, or something out of your valuable time. For a while a few years back, computer companies were attaching rebates to their products, but you had to pay additionally for a service, or some form of package to get that free product. Another thing to watch out for is any product that is drastically cheaper than a competitor, for instance, a HDTV that is $500 or more cheaper than a name brand. Bottom line, you get what you pay for, so do the extra homework and remember that no one has gotten anything for free without paying for it one way or another. RESPONSE 2 Whether written or spoken, words like all, none, always, and never will raise suspicion about the validity of the argument. The probability of these words being accurate is very low. I will not, however, say that they are 'always' inaccurate. A verbal argument that I recently heard where suspicions were raised was having to do with this very thing. I recently walked in on a conversation where pit bulls where being discussed. The lady had made a claim that "all" pit bulls are bad and should be put down. This not only raised concerns with me, but I know it to be false. I own an American Staffordshire Terrier which is a specific breed of the general pit bull. My dog is very sweet and mild mannered. I then interjected myself into the conversation to defend the breed. I was able to speak about my own dog and a couple of recent incidences that were broadcast on the news. One pit bull had barked enough to wake a family who was asleep in their burning house. This family's dog is now their hero. A second pit bull more recently scared off an abusive husband who was attacking his wife. The man was not bit, but he was scared by the dog. This dog, too, is now a hero. There are some "bad" pit bulls, but certainly not 'all' are bad. To me, it is a matter of how they are raised. With written arguments, one of the most common things (other than the afore mentioned words) that raise concerns with validity is the use of the asterisk. When reading a piece of mail, I always check for the asterisk that leads to the fine print. The written offer is usually outstanding and too good to pass up, but the 'catch' is in the fine print. I received a junkmail offer from Dish Network the other day. The introductory price that included installation and set up for four rooms was not bad at all. When I read the fine print, however, this price was only for the first year of the contract. The cost during the second year was well above my budget, but I would have been contractually obligated to this price had I not read the fine print and signed up for dish. RESPONSE 3 What keys or tips can raise suspicion about the validity of arguments that are presented verbally? Cite at least one specific example of something you heard recently. While out doing some Christmas shopping there are many kiosk vendors that want to sell a product. One in particular that comes to my attention is a blanket that warms the second you cover up with it. This was just a normal fleece blanket that I have seen in many other stores. I did however like a pattern that was on one of the blankets so I stopped and immediately was helped and explained that if I was to buy one blanket I could then get the second for half off the retail price. I asked why these blankets were so different from any other fleece blanket and was answered by they warm instantly. After looking at the tag that says the blanket is 100%fleece, I continued to do the rest of my shopping without the purchase of this blanket. What keys or tips can raise suspicion about the validity of arguments that are presented in writing? Cite at least one specific example of something you read recently. My favorite example of this is the papers/flyers that come in the mail that has a key attached saying that you have won a car. Come into our dealership and see which car your key starts. This is just a way for the dealer to get a person to come in so they can offer another deal or special they have going on. No one is just going to give you a vehicle. RESPONSE 4 When you look at the issue of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, you saw that there were many things that caused suspicion about the validity of the charges. Some of these were during verbal conversations about the situation, like the completely unwillingness of the Bush Administration to release any specifics about where they were getting the information from. This style vagueness is always an indictation that you should be suspicious of what is being said, because this leaves way too much room for interpretaion of what is being said, and what is being implied. Also, a big eyebrow raise is repeating a question that is being asked before actually answering it. This is a way of stalling so that a person can think of response that should be fairly automatic. When reading arguements, anything that you can answer the question "Does this seem too good to be true?" with yes should be looked at more closely. Such things as the "Mission: Accomplished" banner that was behind President Bush on the USS Lincoln. Without listening to anything that the President would have said, one would have assumed that this was symbolizing the end to the war in Iraq. Ironically, we lost more American lives after that speech than before. The question "Is this too good to be true?" could be answered yes at that time as well, due to the fact that we were still showing attacks and military in action on TV at the time. RESPONSE 5 What keys or tips can raise suspicion about the validity of arguments that are presented verbally? I think that if the speaker avoids eye contact that may raise some suspicion on my part if their argument is valid. Also, if they are speaking about a subject that I have not heard about and I can not find anything about. I may have my suspicions on an argument if the speaker is speaking in appropriate language or they use slang language. I will be more likely to agree with someone if they look me in the eyes and use correct language for the subject they speaking. This has happened to me when I was speaking to a person and they would not look me in the eye. It made me suspicious as to the validity of the subject and when I tried to research the subject, there was no information I could find. What keys or tips can raise suspicion about the validity of arguments that are presented in writing? I think that the main tip that can raise suspicion about the validity of an argument that is presented in writing to me would be if the information is searchable. If I can not find anything on the subject, I will not believe the argument. I also think that if proper english is not used I will not be as apt to believe the subject. My husband had me read over some of the english papers that his classmates had turned in. One paper in particular had not been written in proper language and I did not think that the paper had very valid arguments.
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