SOC 490 - Week 3 - DQ 1 - Psychological Perspectives on Social Issues.doc
SOC 490 - Week 3 - DQ 1 - Psychological Perspectives on Social Issues.doc PRG211
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Date Created: 11/13/15
SOC 490 Week 3 D0 1 Psychological Perspectives on Social Issues A large portion of the social science major is dedicated to the study of individual group and social psychology Social psychology examines how the thoughts and behaviors of individual humans are in uenced by the thoughts and behaviors of other humans in the various social groups in which they nd themselves Individual psychological theories focus more on individuals and the thoughts and behaviors that they manifest as relatively autonomous individuals There are numerous theories that orient researchers in both of these elds In this discussion please explain a speci c sub eld of social psychology as well as individual psychology Then using the social psychological theory explain your research population s ideas behaviors and beliefs in relation to the key issue that faces this group After doing this then focus on a speci c subcategory of individual psychology and explain a single individual of this population s ideas behaviors and beliefs in relation to the key issue that faces this group Response The social learning theory of deviant behaviors looks at the behavioral learning theories stating a person learns to communicate deviant acts alcoholism suicide through interactions with the social environment around them The population I chose of middleage middle class adults in relation to alcohol is best explained with the social learning theory with the sub eld of differential association This theory integrates Sutherland s differential association with the behavior learning theories of Skinner and other psychologists Cressey 1955 The theory states a person learns deviant acts through interaction with the primary social environment Through these interactions consequences are attached to the behavior which can either reinforce or fail to punish the acts If the behavior is not punished and is reinforced the person may conform to the environment and associations with others and the behavior becomes more desirable or justi ed This theory can be related to deviant behaviors of drug abuse drinking and alcoholism suicide mental illness and include those behaviors of white collar professional organized and violent crimes Cressey 1955 Sociologically the strain theory applies to groups faced with economic strain in particular the poor and unemployed Financial strain can increase alcohol consumption and marital con icts that may enhance suicide risks Individual psychology focuses on the individual and methods to diagnose and treat the individual s behavior In relation to individualization the interpretation of the policy is that theories and methods of clinical medicine are needed to diagnose and change deviant behaviors Such diagnosis can be mental disorders depression and the like The social differential association theory needs to be a part of the individual psychology treatments with focus on changing the individual s behavior and the environment causing the deviance alcohol suicide Stack 2000 References Cressey D 1955 Changing criminals the application of the theory of differential associationAmericanjourna ofSocioogy 61 2 116120 Retrieved forJSTOR database Stack S 2000 Suicide a 15year review of the sociological literature Part cultural and economic factors Suicide and LifeThreatening Behavior 30 2 Retrieved from ProQuest Central Instructor response What do you see as being one of the primary strengths of differential association theory In your own life what would be an example of someone that you knew growing up or even today that was is involved in harmful behaviors that can be linked to earlier associations How did this all unfold from what you can tell Response The primary strength of the differential association theory in relation to my research would be the process of learning deviant behavior by association with deviant and nondeviant paradigms involving all methods used with any other learning Speci cally deviant behavior does not have to be an imitation For instance a person who is seduced or persuaded learns by association not imitation Sutherland 1974 My research is on the topic of alcohol and suicide The recent suicide of my friend is an example of harmful behaviors linked to earlier associations I believe if my friend did not associate with the people he did and engage in social circles abound with alcohol he would not have become suicidal He believed alcohol would ease his anxiety because of the association of alcohol being a stress reliever and resulting in fun When this association failed him he did not know how to handle the stress and took his life Sutherland E 1974 Differential association theory Retrieved from httpcriminologyfsueducrimtheorysutherlandhtm
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