SOC 490 - Week 3 - Proposal for Statistical Research Project.doc
SOC 490 - Week 3 - Proposal for Statistical Research Project.doc PRG211
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Date Created: 11/13/15
Running head: ALCOHOL AND SUICIDE 1 Alcohol and Suicide Student Name SOC490 Social Science Capstone Instructor University Date ALCOHOL AND SUICIDE 2 Alcohol and Suicide: A Lethal Combination The link between alcohol and suicide is empirical. Studies of individuals in alcohol abuse treatment programs report a commonality of past and present suicidal thoughts, behavior, and attempts (Kessler, Borges, Walters, 1999). People from all cultures and socioeconomic groups are affected by suicide. The association with alcohol increases the risk, and individuals with mental health disorders abusing alcohol increase the risk substantially. Research Study Proposal I propose to find out the relationship of alcohol consumption as related to suicide. The goal of this research proposal is to investigate the association of alcohol abuse, suicidal behavior, and relevant quantitative and qualitative information exploring reasons for the association with emphasis on the social learning theory and differential association theory. The purpose is to investigate and understand how social changes and behavior occur within this group that may be a factor in suicide. The social learning theory of deviant behaviors looks at the behavioral learning theories stating a person learns to communicate deviant acts (alcoholism, suicide) through interactions with the social environment around them. The population I chose of middleage adults in relation to alcohol is best explained with the social learning theory with the subfield of differential association. This theory integrates Sutherland’s differential association with the behavior learning theories of Skinner and other psychologists (Cressey, 1955). Population The targeted population of this research project is middleage adults in the 3555 age range considering or having attempted suicide. There are no particular demographics, class, or race variables specifically targeted. Variables will emerge and be included and measured as data is analyzed. The population will be chosen among different groups and facilities specifically of ALCOHOL AND SUICIDE 3 alcohol and recovery in nature. Therefore, a participation of not more than 15 from each facility would be sufficient. The goal would be to arrive at approximately 100 participant total. Sampling and Types of Data Once the research is complete, data and analysis will measure the variables related to suicidal thoughts and completed suicides relative to alcohol. The sampling used for the hypothesis will be purposive sampling. Using this sampling, there is a purpose in mind, such as seeking one or more specific predefined groups (Trochim & Donnelly, 2008). In this case, the groups will consist of those who have considered or attempted suicide. From this different variables will emerge. A mixed methodology of quantitative and qualitative research is the methodology of inquiry. I believe both are valuable in the research process. Quantitative research will provide facts and data supporting studies on suicides in relation to alcohol. Qualitative methods of interviews, thoughts, support networks, interventions, efforts, etc. will provide variable information as related to the individuals. The hypothesis is: Individuals associating alcohol with relieving stress or seeking refuge in social venues with alcohol are more susceptible to suicidal thoughts and actions when personal conflicts arise. Sampling Population The sampling population intended for this project is those people having attempted suicide within the age group of 3555. I chose this group based on literature review as well as using the interactionism perspective of observation of social groups. Literature review and statistics on alcohol and suicide coincide with the chosen age group. These individuals can be chosen from Crisis Centers, Alcoholic Anonymous meetings, rehabilitation services, as well as through personal interviews. Staffing Needs Staffing needs would be minimal in relation to the study itself. On the research level, three or four individuals would be needed to collect data, analyze the data, and to contact ALCOHOL AND SUICIDE 4 rehabilitative and crisis centers. Participants of the study would be strictly volunteer and on anonymous terms. Dependent on the facilities chosen, statistical information may be on file or a search for people in recovery can be provided anonymously. Providing authorities with a set of questions through interview or surveys would protect the participants’ identity. Telephone interviews could provide substantial qualitative responses. Time Line of Study A realistic timeline for completion of the proposed project could vary from six months to a year. The link between alcohol and suicide is confirmed through literature and studies that have taken 2 10 years. The object of this study is to determine if this relationship has increased or decreased. I believe this proposed study is important. Depending on the data collected, analyzed, and measured the results would confirm literature review on the increase of suicide attempts and the association to alcohol is continuing. The study would provide variables in relation to individual and group behaviors. Emerging themes may arise such as political, economic, and cultural factors as well as marital and/or family discord, loneliness, and many others associating alcohol and suicide. Armed with this information, preventative measures or learning material can be instituted in schools, offices, doctor’s offices, hospitals, and any social organization, including the organization associated with alcohol. Pamphlets with specific information to seek help for other mental disorders as associated to alcohol as well as basic awareness for the public to recognize signs of suicidal behavior, depression, and alcohol abuse. If the study concludes there is a decrease in alcohol suicide related deaths, analysis of this information and prevention measures in place would be desirable to continue. ALCOHOL AND SUICIDE 5 References Cressey, D. (1955). Changing criminals: the application of the theory of differential association. American Journal of Sociology (61), 2, 116120. Retrieved for JSTOR database. Kessler, R., Borges G., Walters, E. (1999). Prevalence of and risk factors for lifetime suicide attempts in the National Comorbidity Survey. Arch Gen Psychiatry. (56) p. 617626. Trochim, W. & Donnelly, J. (2008). Research methods knowledge base (3rd ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning
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