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Psychology of Gender Exam 2 Review: Ch. 5-7

by: lambdalambdalambdas

Psychology of Gender Exam 2 Review: Ch. 5-7 PSYC 3331

Marketplace > University of Houston > Psychlogy > PSYC 3331 > Psychology of Gender Exam 2 Review Ch 5 7
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About this Document

Includes multiple-choice questions and essay questions for Exam 2 with Dr. Agan. All material comes from the online lectures; nothing on the exam covers "We" or "He" books. Review is found on Tape ...
Psychology of Gender
Dr. Herb Agan
Study Guide
anima, animus, Psychology of Gender, thorndike, aversive sexism, sexism, piaget gender
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by lambdalambdalambdas on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 3331 at University of Houston taught by Dr. Herb Agan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 95 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Gender in Psychlogy at University of Houston.


Reviews for Psychology of Gender Exam 2 Review: Ch. 5-7


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Date Created: 03/30/16
1. Which sex increases in gender flexibility during adolescence?  a. Women  2. Fagot, Leinbeck and O Boyle study found regarding mothers who did gender type  play activities?  a. Toddlers/preschoolers discriminate objects/toys in gender­stereotyped way  3. How do parents contribute to gender differences in children?  a. Boys ­ encourage autonomy  b. Girls ­ foster dependence  c. Occurs even at pregnancy  4. How is sexism apparent in the English language, regarding women?  a. Male terms or pronouns to refer to humans as a whole  5. At what age do children obey the same­sex parent?  a. 1 year old (toddlers)  6. According to an American Association of University of Women study, what was  found regarding the study of single­sex education?  a. Did not have better grades  b. Had more confidence and better attitudes toward math and science  7. Regarding family and financial needs, what do contemporary adolescent women  expect?  a. Stability provided by the husband; home is the woman’s responsibility  8. What are the favorite childhood fairy tales?  a. Cinderella  b. Sleeping Beauty  c. Snow White  9. How do fathers perpetuate gender roles?  a. Involve boys in more physical activity than girls  b. Reward girls for being compliant  c. Spending more time with sons  10. How do Westerners judge who’s smarter?  a. Biology  11. Who said that educating women was useless and a waste of resources?  a. Thorndike  12. What did researchers discover in comparisons of men and women?  a. No significant difference   13. What’s the largest remaining gender difference in verbal ability?  a. Verbal fluency/phonological retrieval  b. Writing  14. How do teachers see boys and girls’ academic success: Ability or hard work?  a. Boys ­ ability  b. Girls succeed through hard work  15. What are the major reasons for dual earners in the 90s?  a. Desired standard of living  b. Modeling cooperation among family members   16. What is the Ostrich Effect? (Ch. 7)  a. Sex bias operates in society but does not apply to me  17. What is aversive sexism?  a. Like aversive racism; proclaiming that all people are equal but still judging and  discriminating against minority groups  18. What is occupational segregation?  a. Specific occupations are overwhelmingly female or male  19. Why does Hochschildsay that some workers prefer to spend more time at work?  a. Work serves as a retreat from home stress and pressure  b. More emotional support is received at work than at home  c. Work provides more feelings of importance and recognizes their efforts  20. What is the Lack­of­Fit model?  a. Gender biases stem from incongruence in applicant’s perception of their own  abilities and the requirements of the position    1. 4 Psychology Theories on Gender Development (Psychodynamic, social learning,  cognitive­development, and gender­schema theory)  a. Psychodynamic ​ ­ Freudian model is the resolution of conflict with same­sex  parents; Jung model is gender comes from manifestations of archetypal  expression;   b. Social learning ­ rewards and punishment condition and shape our gender  behaviors; we learn by observing or imitating others  c. Cognitive­Development ­ ​ children form their own gender images by age 2; remain  fluid until gender constancy is achieved in early adulthood  d. Gender­schema​  ­ children develop a schema for gender through their culture and  the world around them; associations with biological and cultural influences; social  roles are culturally determined.   2. What is an archetype? List 2 feminine and 2 masculine archetypal energies:  Warrior/seeker and caregiver/lover. Note the gift that each provides to the human  experience.  a. Archetype ­ Commonalities between people that exist in the unconscious   b. Warrio: sticks to goals, single­minded, ability to fight, requires commitment,  protects boundarie​,ift is courage and discipland skill,   c. Seeker: desire to individuate, yearns for more, wants wisdom, wants to cross  new frontiers, wants to ascegift is ambition/autonomy and spiritual  transformation  d. Caregive: nurturing, ideal parent, teaches, loving, attentive, gives to create  self­sufficiengift is compassion and generosity  e. Lover: connection/attachment and passi​nift is  commitment/passion/ecstasy   3. List 5 traits that are masculine and 5 that are feminine archetype that all humans  possess.   a. Masculine: hierarchical, competitive, aggressive, achievement, mastery  b. Feminine: Receptive (open minded), egalitarian (all people are equal),  cooperative, relationship with the natural world, living in the process  4. What are stereotypes? How are they created? Give examples of gender  stereotypes in the American culture that are going through transition.   a. Women are finding their warrior/seeker and men are finding their caregiver/lover  roles  5. Hyde’s 1996 study of two male and female psychological differences:  a. Aggressiveness seen more in males  b. Communication styles: Self­disclosure more easy in women than men and  women are more expressive  6. List 4 aspects of the pseudo­warrior (negative warrior).  a. Narrow minded  b. Win at any cost  c. Not having ideals or higher social purpose  d. Seeks to dominate  7. How do we get unstuck from romantic love? 4 Aspects of lover’s shadow  a. Destroyer enters to stop the attachment; very painful  b. Discover that love is plentiful, not scarce  c. Healthy warrior may emerge to set boundaries  d. We learn to love ourselves  8. What is romantic love and its origin? How does it negatively affect modern  relationships? What is meant by human love?  9. What is the purpose of anima and animus? List 3 negative and 3 positive traits of  each.  a. Positive anima: relatability, fosters understanding, patience, kindness,  compassion, consideration  b. Negative anima: Moodiness, vanity, loss of reason, easily hurt feelings, poor  communication  c. Positive animus: empowerment, assertive, control, rational thought  d. Negative animus: ruthless, destructive, erodes will, erodes self­confidence,  erodes self­belief, opinionated  Anima ­ man’s experience of the feminine; connects the male to mother nature  Animus ­ female’s experience of the masculine; gives woman strength of character and  confidence 


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