PHL 323 Week 2 Individual Assignment - Ethics Theories Table.doc
PHL 323 Week 2 Individual Assignment - Ethics Theories Table.doc PRG211
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Date Created: 11/13/15
Ethical Systems Table 1 PHL/323 Version 4 University of Phoenix Material Ethical Systems Table Directions: 1. Fill in brief definitions of each primary ethical theory. 2. Identify alternate names or variations of each ethical system based on your reading of the text and supplemental materials. Match the realworld examples listed below with the corresponding systems. The first one has been completed for you in the table. a. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they like the taste of it. b. I believe that if sand is going to be eaten, it should be available for everyone to eat. c. I believe people should be able to eat sand because it is the right thing to do. d. I believe people should be able to eat sand because it is good for one’s health. e. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they decide they want to, regardless of whether it is someone else’s sand. f. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they want to because they are free to make the decision themselves. g. I believe I will eat sand because it is the standard meal for my community. 3. Develop your own workplace example that fits with each system. Present each workplace scenario in a substantial paragraph of approximately 40 words. Although the table field will expand to accommodate your workplace examples, you may list them at the end of the table; make a note in the table to see the attached examples, however, so your facilitator knows to look for scenarios below the table. 4. Format references according to APA standards and include them after the table. Ethical Other Names Theory or Brief Definition Realworld Example Workplace Example System for Theory Regardless of It is my duty to follow consequences, certain through with instructions my moral principles are boss gives me, even if I do binding, focusing on duty not agree with the concept. rather than results or It is my moral obligation to moral obligation over what respect authority figures. the individual would prefer Deontology, C to do (Treviño & Nelson, pluralism, moral I believe people should be 2007, Ch. 4). rights, rightsbaseable to eat sand because it is the right thing to do. Dutybased In ethic deontological Categorical Ethics ethics, or deontology imperative Ethical Systems Table 2 PHL/323 Version 4 (Greek: deon meaning obligation or duty), is a Golden rule theory holding that decisions should be made solely or primarily by considering one's duties and the rights of others. Some systems are based on biblical or tenets from sacred. D. I must not be absent from I believe people work because I will receive Teleological should be able to eat punishment for my absence. Chooses the decision that sand because it is focuses on the Utilitarianism good for one’s health. consequences of the Consequence chosen decision. based Ethics Consequentialism Ethical decisions maximize benefits on Altruism particular groups or society while reducing any harm. B. I have a right to receive Based on an individual’s legal right. Rights based Negative or Positive monetary overtime pay from ethics are generally I believe that if my employer when I work broken down into positive Natural or sand is going more than 40hrs per work. and negative rights. Conventional ethics Rightsbased to be eaten, it Ethics Rightsbased ethics are should be designed to prevent the Contractarianism limitations of choice based available for on socially accepted everyone to eat. freedoms. Refers to the primary A. characteristics of human existence. Darwinian ethics Natural ethics I believe Physical people should During the summer the Human nature ethics are be able to eat temperature can exceed 100 Human Nature related to basic factors Hereditary degrees. I have a right to Ethics that motivate choices. sand if they drink water in order to like the taste remain hydrate and keep my Many human nature of it. body healthy. choices are based on inherent traits humans are born with. Ethical Systems Table 3 PHL/323 Version 4 F. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they want to because they are free to Ethical relativism make the Lying on my production Suggest that morality an decision report is a useful way to Relativistic ethics is nature of thought. Moral relativism themselves. Ethical decisions are increase my performance Ethics dependent on society’s because I do not see lying acceptance of specific as morally wrong. acts, ideas, or other elements. E. Entitlement I believe based Ethics people should be able to eat sand if they decide they want to, regardless of whether it is someone else’s sand. The virtue ethics approach Aristotelian G. focuses more on the I believe I will integrity of the moral actor than on the moral act itself eat sand Virtuebased (Treviño & Nelson, 2007, because it is Ch. 4). ethics the standard meal for my A virtue ethics perspective community. considers primarily the actor’s character, motivations, and intentions (Treviño & Nelson, 2007, Ch. 4). Reference Ethical Systems Table 4 PHL/323 Version 4 Treviño, L. K., & Nelson, K. A. (2007). Managing business ethics: Straight talk about how to do it right (4th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.