Exam 3 Help
Exam 3 Help PSYC 101 001
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Haley Johnson on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 101 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Miki KItchen in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2176 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 03/30/16
Exam 3 1. Imaging studies using functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggest that meditation represents a voluntary regulation of attention and ____ functions. Autonomic Functions 2. Of the following, who best demonstrates social or emotional intelligence? Jimmy, who is 5 years old and able to resist eating one marshmallow long enough to be rewarded with two 3. What important fact supports the idea that vision is one of the most important sensory systems in humans? 50% of our cerebral cortex processes visual information. 4. Sleep ________ is a sleep disorder in which the person stops breathing while asleep. Sleep Apnea 5. A failure to develop a typical theory of mind has been linked to the development of ____ (Gopnik, Capps, & Meltzoff, 2000). Autism Spectrum Disorder 6. According to research (Cacioppo, Berntson, Larsen, Poehlmann, & Ito, 2000), which of the following is true regarding negative and positive emotions? Negative emotions generally appear to be stronger that those with positive emotions in regards to autonomic responses 7. The body monitors fat stores by assessing levels of the hormone ____, which is produced and secreted by fat cells. Leptin is thin and produced and secreted by cells 8. What is true of latent inhibition? Latent means that the learning is not available right away; inhibition means the relatively poor learning that occurs with this 9. Your text discusses recovered memories of childhood abuse. In the absence of proof, the authors recommend ____. therapy aimed at relieving distressing symptoms without reference to their source 10. In their study, Anderson and Dill found that the physical aggression score was positively correlated with the amount of recently recorded video playing time. Based on these results, we know that ____. both relationships are possible: An aggressive personality may lead to more video game time or playing violent video games may lead to more aggression 11. Joan, a neuroscience graduate student, is asked by her laboratory mentor to study the communication of two neurons grown in a petri dish. She is asked to stimulate an action potential in the first neuron, which will send a depolarizing stimulus to the second, “receiving” neuron. However, her mentor would also like her to block the receiving neuron from generating an action potential. How can Joan accomplish this? She must block the process of summation in the receiving neuron. 12. A method for assessing age-related changes that combines the cross-sectional and longitudinal approaches by observing a cross-section of participants over a relatively limited period of time is called a ____. Mixed longitudinal study 13. What is the best definition of a “problem”? a situation in which a current state is separated from an ideal state by obstacles 14. Dylan is 16. He is finally taller than his sister and is experiencing muscular development, growth of facial hair, and enlargement of the larynx, which has caused his voice to deepen. These are called ____ sex characteristics. Secondary Sex Characteristics 15. Tao wakes up his roommate Don so that he doesn’t miss his morning classes again. Don tells Tao, “I wish you hadn’t woken me up, I was about to land on Mars after winning a fierce battle against flying jellyfish.” Don was most likely in ____. REM sleep 16. Recognition tasks are easier than recall tasks because ____. They provide more cues 17. One of the most famous projective tests is the Rorschach Inkblot Test, which is ____. more widely used than the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 18. Which is an accurate statement regarding the generation of an action potential? If a neuron becomes depolarized to the threshold level, an action potential is inevitable. 19. Which of the following behavioral changes best illustrates the process of learning? Claire practices treading 20. Natalia, who suffers from epilepsy, experiences a seizure in which she completely loses consciousness, stops breathing, and thrashes about uncontrollably. Natalia experienced which type of seizure? generalized; tonic-clonic 21. In one study (Twenge, Baumeister, Tice, & Stucke, 2001), students who were told that a personality test revealed that they were “the type likely to end up alone later in life” were more likely to ____. show less empathy and act aggressively 22. Psychologists approach the study of the self by examining the ABCs. What are these? affect, behavior, and cognition 23. Which statement regarding the role of genes on human behavior is accurate? Small differences in a cluster 24. Stephen has just finished composing his first poem, entitled Clouded Memories, for his poetry slam class. He is slated to recite the first 10 lines during class tonight, and repeats them over and over to himself as he is walking there. This is called ____. Maintenance Rehearsal 25. Lucas is in first grade and works hard to print his alphabet letters on the lines on his notebook paper. In which direction is this motor development proceeding? From his midline on 26. Josh has a doctoral degree in psychology and is a therapist in New York. His sister Sarah has a medical degree and is in a residency program for psychiatry. Currently, the biggest difference between the two professions is that, in contrast to Josh, Sarah can ____. Prescribe medication 27. Chimpanzees, bonobos, and gorillas have a part of the brain that is ____. analogous to the human Broca’s area 28. Which is an example of top-down processing in the perception of speech? Brie's father yells, "Take out the ......" before he can finish his sentence, Brie jumps up from the couch to take out the garbage. 29. According to a study (Matsumoto, Yoo, Nakagawa, et al., 2008), individuals from which nation are most likely to show the lowest amount of emotional suppression? Italy 30. Who is likely to discontinue his or her behavior first if reinforcement completely stops? Sam, who receives $20 each time he mows his neighbor’s lawn 31. What does pons mean in Latin? Bridge 32. As Ronnie hears a song on the radio, she feels stressed: her heart races, her hands become clammy, and her breathing becomes rapid. The song is familiar because it was very popular at a time when her parents were going through a divorce that caused Ronnie intense anxiety. In this scenario, identify the following in the same respective order: the conditioned stimulus, the unconditioned stimulus, the conditioned response, and the unconditioned response. song; parents fighting; anxiety towards song; anxiety towards parents fighting 33. Callie has gathered extensive data regarding the working conditions and stress levels of domestic workers in five U.S. cities, including their annual income. She arranges the data from low to high and notes how many workers are in each category using a bar chart. This is called a ____. Frequency distribution 34. The difference between the images projected onto each eye is referred to as ____. Retinal disparity 35. John B. Watson was ____. A leading behaviorist 36. Memory aids that link new information to well-known information are called ____. Mnemonics 37. For his creative writing class, Dorian writes a short story about the adventures and perils of space travel. As he describes an epic space battle between two enemy ships, Dorian portrays the battle fought in an eerie silence. Why is Dorian correct that an otherwise noisy battle would produce no sound in space? Vaccumm 38. Comprised primarily of ____, the degree of convolutions in the cerebral cortex positively correlates with the ____ of a species. gray matter; intellectual capacity 39. What is the psychological perspective that focuses on the relationships between mind, behavior, and their underlying biological processes, including genetics, biochemistry, anatomy, and physiology? biological psychology 40. The ____ is the part of the peripheral nervous system that brings sensory information to the central nervous system and transmits commands to the muscles. The somatic nervous system 41. Following cardiac arrest, Teresa’s father Ike is in a coma. Ike’s doctor explains to Teresa that his brain activity shows ____. 42. The diversity of career pathways for those with degrees in psychology reflects, in relation to other disciplines, that psychology is a(n) “____.” Hub 43. Statistical methods that allow experimenters to extend conclusions from samples to larger populations are called ____. Inferential statistics 44. The gene for nerve deterioration X (NDX) disorder is located on the X chromosome. What can we conclude? More in males 45. Kevin is a participant in a taste-off as part of his campus’s Greek Week. He is blindfolded and his nose is pinched off with a clothespin. He is asked to taste a slice of apple and a slice of raw potato. Kevin is likely to ____. think that the apple and the potato are the same 46. How do dendrites facilitate neuronal communication? They allow a neuron to receive multiple inputs from other neurons. 47. Simon has curly hair. If he is homozygous for the gene that determines curly hair, what is true of his parents? They have contributed the same type of allele for this gene. 48. Javier is studying the firing of neurons in the brains of rats as part of his dissertation research on memory. He is disciplined in his research process and in his record-keeping and follows his advisor’s recommendations to the letter, as he wants to eventually accomplish a lot in this field. The Big Five trait that best describes this aspect of Javier’s personality is ____. Conscientiousness 49. After a stressful day of work, Randi often makes small burn marks on her inner arm with a cigarette; which she feels helps to relieve her stress and anxiety. This type of behavior is an example of ____. Positive punishment 50. Which of the following best describes the relationship between evolutionary forces and behavior? Although behavior is complex, evolutionary forces influence both physical traits and behavior.
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