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Date Created: 11/14/15
Running Header: Unit 2 the Cold War 1 Unit 2: Cold War Eugene Hammond Kaplan University SS310: Exploring the 1960s: An Interdisciplinary Approach Running Header: Unit 2 the Cold War 2 Being from a small town in England (Swindon, Wiltshire), living on US. Military Bases and serving in the US. Navy from 1977 1992, there was constant exposure to the Cold War. The nation during this time constantly on alert for the day the world was to engage in World War 3. The American public was introduced to the Doomsday Clock (Global warming: how skepticism, November 1995) in 1947 that is still being used today. This clock was a symbol to show the world how close we are to worldwide destruction; it currently stands at 5 minutes to midnight. During the cold war it read at 2 minutes to midnight, and then in 1991 it was moved to 17 minutes to midnight due to the cold war ending. The people interviewed for the effects of the cold war are friends and family that experienced this point in history through their personal memories and experiences. Some of the thing remember from this time were the nuclear drills performed during school, children were instructed to lie down over their eyes and do not look at the flash. Schools were designated as fallout shelter and the government kept food and water supplies in the basement. The media glamourized the cold war with shows like Get Smart, The Man from U.N.C.L.E and of course James Bond, but as usual reality was far from the Hollywood version. Like in 1978 on the Waterloo Bridge in London England when Georgi Markov (Holdsworth & Mendick, 2013) was murdered by spies from the Bulgarian secret service with an umbrella that fire a ricin loaded pellet. The first person I interviewed was a friend from West Germany (Hawkins, 2013) who recalled the fall of the berlin wall and the joy and frustrations felt when the wall came down. She was able to see relatives from decade of separation and families reunited. She also recalls the frustration that developed with the people of West Germany, because of the Running Header: Unit 2 the Cold War 3 influx of people from East Germany that created a reduction in the housing and job market for the West Germans, she does on to state that within a few year these markets did recover. The next interviewees are family members that recalled events such as the Naval Blockade during the Cuban Missile Crisis, military exercises and the fall of the Soviet Union (Hammond S, 2013). The other family member recalls the training exercises that were conducted as put of standard military training; he also remembers the S.A.L.T treaty and S.A.L.T. II ("Treaty between the," 2001), and the assignments in Germany were they performed a lot of NATO exercises due to the Cold War, other areas like Korea were also considered a Cold War post. As I conducted these interviews with family and friends, I came to a conclusion that for the people of this generation is came down to fear. It did not matter what country you were from, the fear of the two biggest countries (US and USSR) trying or threatening to destroy each other and the rest of the world would make the world unstable. Talking to my interviewees the other thing that seemed constant was the facts that they really knew very little about the Cold War. They also seemed to consider the life style held during this time was acceptable for the older generations but not for the young one, during this period our nation faced many fronts, from the battlefield in South East Asia to the demonstration in the US. Like Kent State (Faber, 1994) and many other Campuses through the United States that witnessed violent demonstrations, that left students dead, injured and buildings burned. They called it the Cold due to there being no front lines battles that you would have in a wet war between the East and West, but it seems that we lost a lot lives for era. Running Header: Unit 2 the Cold War 4 Date: June 15, 2013 Interviewee: Pia Hawkins, Age: 40, female Country or origin: Rüsselsheim, West Germany Relation: Friend 1. What words or phrases come to mind when you think of the term Cold War? Liberation: my family and their friend from East Germany were reunited after decades of separation and the other word that was used frequently was freedom 2. Did you ever study the Cold War in school? If so, what are some aspects of the Cold War that you remember? Not really since we were living in everyday, there was always talk of our relative in the East, and praying for the day we could be reunited. We did discuss current events and when I was in college 3. Who were the parties involved in the Cold War? The USSR, Hungary, Poland, and Czechoslovakia and the Baltic states Running Header: Unit 2 the Cold War 5 4. Can you name any key events that we mainly associate with the Cold War? 5. The fall of the Berlin Wall, KGB, CIA, Military Intelligence. 6. How far is your Home town of Rüsselsheim, West Germany from Berlin About 600 miles 7. What one point that sticks out in your mind about the Cold War and what you experienced? I feel the West could have banned together better to put more pressure on the Eastern Government to lift the restrictions. 8. When did you come to the USA? In 1994 after I got married, to my husband that was in the US. Army. 9. How did the cold war affect you? In a negative way at first, because I could see the sadness in my grandmother who still had family in the East and she was not able to see them in over 20 years. But when they tore that wall down and I saw firsthand the joy it brought to it brought to her when she was reunited with her brothers and sisters Running Header: Unit 2 the Cold War 6 Date: June 15, 2013 Interviewee: Sylvia Hammond, Age: 62, female Country or origin: Swindon, England Relation: Mother 1What words or phrases come to mind when you think of the term Cold War? Fallout shelter left over from WWII, we had one in the back yard that held three families. My mum had enough food, water and supplies in there for a week? 2. Did you ever study the Cold War in school? If so, what are some aspects of the Cold War that you remember? Yes, but it was titled communism, we also heard about spies and MI6 (English Equal to US. CIA ) 3. Who were the parties involved in the Cold War? Russia and Eastern Europe Running Header: Unit 2 the Cold War 7 4. Can you name any key events that we mainly associate with the Cold War? The Draft, Vietnam war, the Hippies, communes and Flower children> 5. What one point that sticks out in your mind about the Cold War and what you experienced? I feel the feel the Vietnam War should have ended sooner and our POW’s should have been returned after the war. 6. When did you come to the USA? In 1963 and 1975 after I got married, to my husband that was in the US. Air Force. 7. How did the cold war affect you? My children and I had to go without a father and husband for several years and the American people did not appreciated the service he gave, and when he returned people still called him racial slurs, I felt he was totally disrespected during this time. Running Header: Unit 2 the Cold War 8 June 15, 2013 Interviewee: Paul Hammond, Age: 52, male Country or origin: Swindon, England Relation: Brother 1. What words or phrases come to mind when you think of the term Cold War? Check point Charlie in Germany, where we swapped prisoners. And maneuvers by the wall in Berlin. 2. Did you ever study the Cold War in school? If so, what are some aspects of the Cold War that you remember? I really cannot remember I know we did drills at school. 3. Who were the parties involved in the Cold War? The USSR, Poland and Eastern Europe 4. Can you name any key events that we mainly associate with the Cold War? The massive body counts on TV, falling of the Berlin Wall and peace symbols. 5. When did you come to the USA? 1975, we moved to Columbus Ohio and my dad retired in June, 1976 6. How did the cold war affect you? My father changed when he returned home, he was more callused and withdrawn, he went nights without sleep and had flash backs at time Running Header: Unit 2 the Cold War 9 References: Faber, D. (1994). The age of great dreams America in the 1960s. (1st ed., p. 159). New York, New York: Hill and Wang. DOI: www.fsgbooks.com Global warming: how skepticism became denial. (Vol. 67). Educational Foundation for Nuclear Science, Inc. Retrieved from http://bos.sagepub.com/ Hammond, P. (2013, June 15). Interview by EM Hammond. Effects of the cold war. Hammond, S. (2013, June 15). Interview by EM Hammond. Effects of the cold war. Hawkins, P. (2013, June 15). Interview by EM Hammond. Effects of the cold war. Holdsworth, N., & Mendick, R. (2013, March 23). Prime suspect in Georgi Markova 'umbrella poison' murder tracked down to Austria. Telegraph. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/crime/9949856/PrimesuspectinGeorgi MarkovumbrellapoisonmurdertrackeddowntoAustria.html State Department, United Nations. (2001). Treaty between the United States of America and the union of soviet socialist republics on the limitation of strategic offensive arms (Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations). Retrieved from website: www.state.gov
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