SOC201-Ch7 Feminist Theory
SOC201-Ch7 Feminist Theory
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Date Created: 11/14/15
Chapter 7 Feminist Theory Dorothy Smith 1926present Did odd jobs to survive Doctorate in sociology 1963 UC Berkley worked as researcher In the Late 19605 0 Returned to England because of personal reasons 0 Taught one of the rst women39s sociologystudy class 0 Women39s movement became big 0 Well known for her standpoint theory 0 Where you stand in society 0 What you know is effect by where you stand Noone can have completely objective knowledge No two people can have exactly the same standpoint We must not take the standpoint from which we speak for granted Important foundation points Standpoint of Genders This experience affects how we look at reality Men are consistently privileged and women are devalued Male upper class is dominate and they dominate the world Dorothy has Marx s roots that not all people are equal valued 0 Example race gender ethnicity Crosses over to phenomenology roots Individual bio and their history gender which compartmentalize their stance Bifurcate of Consciousness A split or separation Two views of how we experience based on our individual experience and the dominate view that we must adapt to 0 Changing to move forward does not mean all bad Subornative groups adapt to the dominate group 0 Typically makes accommodation to adheresupport the dominate group to survive 0 Western societies operates through text which facilitates how we have control over society Relations of Ruling Has to deal with the bureaucracy administration management all the professional organ that are intertwined Institution Ethnography A method of elucidating and examining the relations between everyday activity and experiences and larger institutes imperatives How we look at the activities we do daily as compared to institution culture The daily practices of the individuals shape the institute Patricia Hill Collin 1948 BA from Brandies University in 1969 MAT from Harvard 1970 Did a lot of work with black race Emphasis on race taught at many places lnline with the standpoint theory Inspired by Dorothy Smith Standpoint Episteinology Philosophical perspective of what we know is affected by where you stand in society How we know what we know and how we decide what39s valid and how we decide what is valid When you have a standpoint there is domination with some areas of resistance affects people in different ways Critical Theory Critical of one39s own culturegroup Related to critical theory Matrix of Domination Position in society made up of multiple standpoint rather than one Your standpointpriority changes as you growmature in life Frankfurt School how power works has a lot of in uence Oppressor different areassystems when we go through life It varies through different race gender and ethnicity Collins emphasis on 3 phases 1 Level of personal biography 2 Group or community level of the cultural context created by race class and gender 3 Systemic level of social institution Black Feminist Theory Took interest in blacks Her theories through her standpoint Black females as having the most oppression and struggles Collins felt strongly about the struggles of blacks which made their source vulnerablevital Nancy Chowrow 1944 psychoanaysis sociologist UC Berkley Core Ideas amp In uences Interpreted Fraud39s ideas but also condemned them 0 Fraud did have a valid foundations Psychoanalysis feminity and masculinity is basically a theory of gender inequality Chowrow thinks Freud us accurate with the innate sexual drive Object Relations Theory We have innate drives to maintain relationships that helps to socialize The drive comes from our sexual instinct Gender Identity through Processing 1 Establishing relationship with the 1 who is taking care of you for the rst three years of life 2 Separation because of individuation dissolution of the three year bond 3 Resiliency of gender roles Psychoanalysis seek to explain how gender patterns are reproduced independently of our conscious actions 0 Difference between our behavior and conscious intension Boys become men when they break away from feminity of their mothers Consequence of breaking away men have dif culties with emotional issues Our society mothers daughters and relationships continue to be strong Women have intimate relations similar to the ones they share with their mothers Nancy examines the family and the men that have prosperity to dominate the families Raewyn ConneII 1944 Socially structured in her construction her study of sex and gender Also interested in gender role Patriarchal Divide Referred to the honor and prestige The divide itself is distributed among all men but not uniformly Judith Butler 1957 PhD at Yale Teaches at UC Berkley Core Ideas amp In uences Gender role and what they should and shouldn39t be Rejects the idea that women can be understood as concrete 0 How sociologist in the modern era separate sex from gender BioIogicaI makeup is the biggest part of your sexual makeup Your sexual orientation can change and go back Sexuality legitimize the gender norm Gender subjectivity is uid whether you are male and female you are never FIX but in a continual performance Performativity Fluid continuality changing of rolegender performance Gender is a kind of persistent impersonation that passes as the real Doing that performance but it39s an impersonation because in reality you may not be it Butler is the most important gure in QUEER theory Queer Theorist Including Butler Sex is a norm Going against what modern theorist think All socially constructed sex is no different than gender Gender norms structure society as oppose to biological structure The biological structure does not set ground work for what gender norms should be Butler does recognize that there are biological differences Heterosexual Matrix quotProper men and womenquot are identi es as heterosexuals Unity between men and women is created by our cultural systems Butler said that discrimination against men is because they can do heterosexual gender norms but not for being different
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