PSY340 Schizophrenia Week 4 Individual Assignment PSY340
PSY340 Schizophrenia Week 4 Individual Assignment PSY340
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Date Created: 11/14/15
Running head: SCHIZOPHRENIA 1 Schizophrenia PSY 340 SCHIZOPHRENIA 2 Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is depicted as a mental disease, in which a person endures indistinguishable thoughts, hallucinations, and lessened skills to feel ordinary emotions. Schizophrenia is classified as a disease in which a person’s ability are to process feelings, observations, emotions, and performance are completely distraught and abnormal. The word schizophrenia is not even one hundred years old. However, this illness was first documented as an isolated mental illness by Emile Kraepelin in 1887 and the illness itself was generally assumed to have be an adjunct to mankind through its history. The accounts of schizophrenia has been known in human history books and written by the Pharaonic Egyptians as far back. The written Egyptian text portray their populace having thinking instability that were documented and was known now as Schizophrenia. It can be traced to the old Pharaonic Egypt, as the second millennium before Christ. Depression, dementia, and thought disorder usual in schizophrenia is expressed in the Book of Hearts. The heart and the mind seem to have been indistinguishable in olden Egypt. The ordinary illnesses regarded as a symptom of the heart, uterus and originate from the blood vessels or from the feces. In early times the lack of understanding of the mentally ill was prevalent. Citizens that believed of this mental disorder was normally categorized as being caused by demons or evil spirits that could only be cured by exorcising the person (Mathias, 2011). The signs of schizophrenia have been portrayed in many other countries besides Egypt. There have been multiple other recognizable cases in ancient Greek, Chinese, and Roman documentation. Studies have exposed that ancient Roman and Greek reporting showed that many of the citizens presumably had an awareness of the mental disorders such as schizophrenia but there was no way for educators to diagnose for schizophrenia in these cultures. They just did not have the education or knowledge to know of this disorders and then classify them SCHIZOPHRENIA 3 (Schizophenia.com, 2009). One of the earliest persons to organize the mental disorders into many different categories was German physician. Dr. Kraepelin. He used the term dementia praecox for those who had symptoms that we now know to be related with schizophrenia. The vague thought of madness was used for many thousands of years. Schizophrenia was only classified as a unlike mental disorder by Kraepelin in 1887. He was the first to make a separation in the psychotic disorders of dementia praecox and manic depression. He also said that dementia praecox was typically a illness of the brain, and chiefly a type of dementia. He named the disorder dementia praecox to differentiate it from other types of dementia such as Alzheimer's disease which usually occurs later in life. He used this name because his studies paid great attention on adolescence dementia. Eugen Bleuler a Swiss psychiatrist named the term schizophrenia in 1911 and was also the first to explain the signs or symptoms as negative or positive. He altered the name to schizophrenia because it was obvious that Krapelin's name was take in as the illness that was not a dementia and could every so often occur late as early in a humans existence (Mathias, 2011) . The word schizophrenia is drawn from Greek roots meaning split mind describing the irregular judgment of group with this disorder. The name was not meant to imply that the proposal of split or multiple personality a common misunderstanding by the public. The definition of schizophrenia has continuously changed as scientists try to precisely make clear the diverse types of mental diseases. The adding of not knowing the literal causes of the disease makes scientists institute their classifications on the assessment that some signs are present and can occur jointly. Kraepelin and Bleuler subdivided schizophrenia into categories based on vital symptoms and prognoses. Those who worked in this field have continually tried to classify the different types of SCHIZOPHRENIA 4 schizophrenia. The five types defined in the DSM are disorganized, catatonic, paranoid, residual, and undifferentiated. The first three classifications were initially planned by Kraepelin. These categories were employed in DSMIV and have not revealed to be ready to lend a hand in predicting a result of the disorder and the types are not always diagnosed. Researchers are implementing other ways to classify the different types of the disorder. Most of which are based on the prevalence of positive verse negative symptoms and signs. The succession of this disorder in terms of kind and brutality of symptoms in the fullness of time is one way as long as it is taken into account the cooccurrence of other mental disorders. Expectations of the differentiating types of schizophrenia based on medical indications will bring to a close the diverse causes of this disorder. The verification that schizophrenia is a biologically based disease of the brain has gathered rapidly during the last two decades. Recently this verification has been sustained with dynamic brain imaging systems that illustrate very precisely the destruction of tissue that takes place in the brain of a person with schizophrenia (Belmonte, 2010). The five types of symptom features of schizophrenia are hallucinations, delusions, disorganized behavior, disorganized speech, and the negative symptoms. However, the signs and symptoms of schizophrenia vary significantly from one human to another both in outline and brutality. No person with schizophrenia will have all symptoms typically. The symptoms of schizophrenia sometimes alter over time. There is confirmation that chemical imbalances in certain proteins, amino acids, and neurotransmitters take part in the causes schizophrenia. Dopamine is the primary brain chemical messed up with schizophrenia. The dopamine hypothesis proposes that an overload of dopamine in the brain adds to schizophrenia. Glutamate is another significant neurotransmitter messed up in schizophrenia. Studies illustrate SCHIZOPHRENIA 5 that a below activity of glutamate in patients with schizophrenic. This drastically helps support the dopamine hypothesis, since dopamine receptors decrease the concern of glutamate (Belmonte, 2010). Antipsychotic medications assist to control the biochemical inequity that cause schizophrenia. They are also imperative in dropping the likelihood of relapse. There are two main types of antipsychotics, traditional and new antipsychotics. Traditional antipsychotics powerfully manage the delusions, hallucinations, and confusion of schizophrenia. This type of antipsychotic drug, such as chlorpromazine, fluphenazine, and haloperidol, has been obtainable since the middle 1950s. These drugs mainly wedge dopamine receptors and are winning in treating the positive symptoms of schizophrenia. Psychotherapy is not the treatment of choice for a person suffering with schizophrenia. Used as an aditiont to a good medication plan, however, psychotherapy can assist in upholding the person on their medication, learning the desired social skills, and sustaining the person's weekly activities. This may include reassurance, advice, education, limit setting, modeling, and reality testing with the therapist. Support in making tiny goals and then reaching those goals can be very helpful (Hoffer, Abram and Osmond, Humphrey, 1999). People with schizophrenia frequently have a tricky time performing expected life skills such as learning and personal hygiene as well as speaking with others in the family and in the community. Therapy or rehabilitation therapy can aid a person to gain the well needed confidence for them take better care of themselves. Drugs combined with group therapy constructs reasonably enhanced results than drug treatments without help. Positive results are SCHIZOPHRENIA 6 probable to be gained when group therapy focuses on actual life problems, plans, relationships on work roles, social, communication, and on assistance with drug therapy. This supportive group therapy can be particularly useful in declining social solitude and rising testing (Torrey, 1993). Family therapy can radically reduce rates for the schizophrenic family member. In elevated strained families, schizophrenic patients having firm and regular post care progresses fifty to sixty percent of the time in the very first year of being out of the hospital setting. Sympathetic family therapy can trim down this relapse rate to lower ten percent. This therapy encourages the family to assemble a family gathering whenever a matter arises in order to talk about and identify the accurate nature of the problem. It also is to inventory and think of different solutions and select a best solution (McGuire, 1998). SCHIZOPHRENIA 7 References Belmonte, J. (2010). Understanding Schizophrenia. Retrieved from http://www.helpguide.org/mental/schizophreniasymptom.htm Hoffer, Abram and Osmond, Humphrey (1999). How to Live with Schizophrenia. New Jersey, NJ: Secaucus: Carol Publishing Group. Mathias, K. (2011). History of Schizophrenia. Retrieved from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/hisoryofschizophrenia.html McGuire, P. A. (1998). New Hope for People with Schiqophrenia. Monitor, NY: Psychological Association. Schizophenia.com. (2009). The History of Schizophrenia. Retrieved from http://schizophrenia.com/history.htm Torrey, F. E. (1993). Surviving Schizophrenia: A Family Manual. Wilson, VA: National Alliance for the Mentally Ill.
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