PSY 300 Week 5 Learning Team Assignment Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Paper
PSY 300 Week 5 Learning Team Assignment Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Paper
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Date Created: 11/14/15
Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Learning Team A PSY300 Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Normal and Abnormal Psychology MerriamWebster 2010 defines abnormal psychology as a branch of psychology concerned with mental and emotional disorders such as neuroses psychoses and mental retardation and with certain incompletely understood normal phenomena such as dreams and hypnosis Defining what is abnormal and normal in psychology is a difficult thing to do because each region culture and era have their own opinions and views of what is or is not normal within psychology For instance a person who has had a loved one die it is not uncommon for the person to believe that he or she sees or hears the person39s voice soon after his or her death The majority of North America considers these hallucinations or visions as abnormal but China and many other cultures consider them perfectly normal Wade ampTavris 2005p354 Even the way that a patient expresses his or her symptoms of an illness can be different depending on his or her location and culture For example patients who live in rural Ireland where the culture is predominantly catholic The likeliness that a patient with schizophrenia will have religious delusions such as the spirit of the Virgin Mary inhabiting his or her body is greater than those that reside in the United States Kowalski ampWesten 2009 p 512 There can be many factors that can have an effect on a person39s mental state that it makes it hard for a person to be diagnosed and it is not uncommon for a person to be over diagnosed Not all psychologists she the same opinion on the existence of mental disorders to this day there are psychologists who believe that mental illnesses do not exist that they are just a myth Kowalski ampWesten 2009 What one culture may consider abnormal another may consider normal The best way to describe normal psychology is a person to be of average or within certain limits intellectually and behaviorally in comparison to his or her peers If a persons behaviors do not have a negative effect on him or herself or anyone else he or she would most likely be considered normal psychologically Even those relatively normal psychologically have can some sort of neuroses or quirks that can make them seem eccentric or unstable at times Most often a person will experience at least one mental illness or disorder in his or her lifetime Mental disorders Bipolar disorder has the capacity to allow mood swings that can last for extended period these mood swings can create interruptions in a person s life and everyone else who is involved in the person s life Current research maintains that bipolar disorder takes place across a range of symptoms and unfortunately most people fail to be correctly diagnosed If bipolar disorder remains untreated it can become worse and may lead to suicide Nonetheless with valuable treatment a person can live a very meaningful and pleasant life The causes of bipolar disorder include biological genetic and even environmental facets The symptoms of bipolar disorder include inadequate judgment heightened cheerfulness aggressiveness and anxiety However with the help of proper medications typically ones affecting mood stabilization and therapy bipolar disorder can be managed Morris ampMaisto 2005 A characteristic of personality disorders is odd or eccentric behavior Personality disorders have their onset in late adolescence or early adulthood Doctor39s do not usually give children a diagnosis of personality disorder The basis of this is that children39s personalities are still forming and can change a considerable amount by the time they are in their late teens Many individuals however with personality disorders could show evidence of showing symptoms of the disorder as a child Borderline personality disorder is both common and serious Giving estimates of the percentage of population with personality disorders is difficult Possessing personality disorders such as antisocial and borderline disorders puts patients at a high risk of getting in trouble with the law or otherwise attractingunwanted attention thanpatients whose disorders chie y affect their capacity for intimacy Some patients to the opposite effect such as those with narcissistic or obsessive compulsive personality disorders may experience success because of his or her symptoms People with personality disorders have a tendency not to seek treatment on their own sometimes until the problem becomes severe enough that they are quotforcedquot to get help Morris ampMaisto 2005 Mental illnesses Severe disorders are those that cause symptoms such as disturbances of thoughts communications and emotions including delusions and hallucinations There can be a wide array of genetic problems that may contribute to schizophrenia These genetic issues can help explain why individual patients have such varied symptoms and responses todifferent treatment People who suffer from schizophrenia are not the only ones confounded by its symptoms scientists are baf ed too Despite years of study scientists have had little success in explaining how the disorder develops in whom and why There are several kinds of schizophrenic disorders which have different characteristic symptoms Although they obviously differ greatly in emphasis the various explanations for schizophrenic disorders are not mutually exclusive Although genetic factors are universally acknowledged many theorists believe that it takes a combination of biological psychological and social factors to produce schizophrenia Morris ampMaisto 2005 The only major sleep disorder with a known genetic factor is narcolepsy Most patients with mental illness experience some type of sleep disorder Depression can often cause patients to wake up early in the morning unable to go back to sleep Many physical illnesses and diseases can also cause sleep disorders Difficulty sleeping can result from chemical changes in the body caused by disease or by the medications used to treat the disease Medizine LLC 2010 Therapies There are three different schools of thought therapies in psychology for treating mental disorders The first therapy is the psychodynamic therapy that was developed in the late nineteenth century from Sigmund Freud s work This approach has two principles that are the role of insight and the role of the therapist patient relationship Insight occurs when a person knows and understands his or her psychological processes This is when a person understands maladaptive ways of viewing him or herself and relationships unconscious con icts and compromises between fears and wishes and ways to deal with unpleasant emotions The therapeutic alliance is how comfortable a person becomes with his or her therapist so he or she can speak freely The second school of thought is cognitivebehavioral therapies When using cognitive therapies they are usually shortterm because they are not concerned with understanding or changing underlying personality patterns or unconscious processes Therapists believe that by suggesting ways for the person to change his or her thinking and behavior toward things he or she can change the way a person reacts to certain things and situations The therapist will begin with a behavioral analysis in which he or she can analyze and address problematic behaviors emotional responses and cognition The third school of thought is humanistic therapies is the treatment of a person s conscious experiences and how he or she experience relationships and the world The two widely practiced humanistic therapies are Gestalt and Carl Rogers s clientcentered therapy Gestalt therapy emphasizes awareness of feelings This theory has the belief that people have lost touch with their emotions and oneself and this leads to depression and anxiety Gestalt focuses on what is going on in the person s life currently and not his or her past When comparing and contrasting these therapies the main comparison of all of these therapies is the fact they are meant to help people in their own ways Whether it be the differences they have in the way they help people such as Psychodynamic and teaching a person how to deal with unpleasant emotions Cognitivebehavioral in which the therapist teaches the patient how to deal with his or her emotion or humanistic in which the person learns how to deal with the issues going on in his or her lives here and now They have a purpose and they are to help people Conclusion The arrangement of psychological disorders is typically based on the specific indicators that a person describes or exhibits to the doctor Likewise a doctor will then formulate a diagnosis that supports the indicators If a person who presents his or her doctor with several symptoms it mostlikely is the result of the person acquiring one major disorder that would require an exact treatment References Kowalski R amp Western D 2009Psychology 5th ed Hoboken NJ Wiley Wade C ampTavris C 2005nvitation to Psychology 3rdedUpper Saddle River NJ Pearson Education Retrieved November 5 2010 Retrieved November 5 2010 from WWWMerriamWebstercom Panic Attacks By Seidenfeld Marjorie Scholastic Choices 0883475X J an2005 Vol 20 Issue 4 Retrieved November 5 2010 Charles G Morris and Albert A Maisto 2005 Psychology An Introduction 12th ed PrenticeHallRetrieved November 5 2010 Bowman E 2006 Why Conversion Seizures Should Be Classified as a Dissociative Disorder Retrieved November 5 2010 from httppsypsychiatryonlineorgcgicontentfull485369 Medzine LLC 2010 Sleep Disorders Retrieved November 5 2010 from httpWWWneurologychannelcomsleepdisorders
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