PSY 300 Week 1 Individual Assignment Foundations of Psychology Paper
PSY 300 Week 1 Individual Assignment Foundations of Psychology Paper
Popular in Course
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by tophomework Notetaker on Saturday November 14, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 22 views.
Reviews for PSY 300 Week 1 Individual Assignment Foundations of Psychology Paper
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 11/14/15
Foundations of Psychology PSY300 Foundations of Psychology The five major schools of thought in psychology arepsychoanalysisbehaviorism humanistic psychology Gestalt psychology and cognitive psychology However there are many subcategories to each of these basic schools each of them deals with all aspects from biological to environmental Themain different schools of psychology that vary both in attitude and in methods of working are these that consist of the Freudian Jungian and Adlerian schools as well as Gestaltist behaviorist and cognitive schools Psychology 2010 Behaviorism is the term and school of thought from B F Skinner who mainly focused on observable behavior His goal was of relating behavior to experimental conditions Skinner had several theories in regard to operant conditioning Skinner believed that learning is a function of overt behavior and changes in an individuals behavior is a result of events that occur in the individual s environment Morris ampMaisto 2005 Psychoanalysis was invented by Sigmund Freud whobelieved that the human mind was composed of three elements M th gg and the superego This school of thought emphasizes the in uence of the unconscious mind on behavior Psychoanalysis delves into the innermost parts of the mind and reveals the causes of individual thoughts and behaviors Freud researched repression immorality of the subconscious memory paramnesia and telepathy However this depended on the ability of the individual to give and unbiased account of his or her own experiences Troland 1914 Humanistic psychology developed as a response to psychoanalysis and behaviorism Humanistic psychology instead focused on individual free will personal growth and self actualization Gestalt psychology is based upon the idea that humans experience things as unified wholes Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology that studies mental processes including how people think perceive remember and learn Kowalski ampWesten 2009 Jungian psychology is also known as analytical psychology centering on forces and motives found in underlying human behavior as found in dreams and mythology It deals more with the subconscious or unconscious mind than other schools This school of thought deals with useful techniques for treating those who have suffered severe trauma Van Eenwyk 2001 Adlerian psychology is the social embeddedness of man which is in contrast to the hereditary or biological basis for human behavior The selfdetermination and creativity which is in contrast to the heredity or environmental factorsThe subjectivity of perception as opposed to absolutesThe teleoanalytical interpretation of behavior as opposed to causalistic evaluations of behavior The holistic approach as opposed to the reductionistic attributes Dreikurs 1987 Adlerian psychology is very similar to Gestalt psychology The brain regulates and controls all of the physical and psychological functions of the human beings The brain is the seat of awareness and reason the place where learning memory and emotions are centered It is the part of us that decides what to do and whether that decision was right or wrong and it imagines how things might have turned out if we had acted differently The spinal cord receives less attention but is no less important to understanding behavior and mental processes Morris ampMaisto 2005 p 59 The major human endocrine glands include the parathyroid glands pituitary gland thyroid gland pancreas adrenal glands ovaries testes and the pineal gland The pituitary gland is called the master gland it controls many other endocrine functions The pituitary produces the largest number of different hormones and has the widest range of effects on the body s functions The pituitary in uences blood pressure thirst contractions of the uterus during childbirth milk production sexual behavior and interest body growth the amount of water in the body s cells and other functions as wellMorris ampMaisto 2005 p 76 Thyroid hormones regulate metabolism therefore body temperature and weight The parathyroid glands are imbedded in the thyroid and control and balance the levels of calcium and phosphate in the body which in turn in uence levels of excitability The pancreas controls the level of sugar in the blood by secreting two regulating hormones insulin and glucagon These two hormones work against each other to keep the bloodsugar level properly balanced The two adrenal glands are located just above the kidneys Each adrenal gland has two parts an inner core called the adrenal medulla and an outer layer called the adrenal cortex Both the adrenal cortex and the adrenal medulla affect the body s reaction to stress One epinephrine activates the sympathetic nervous system another hormone norepinephrine not only raises blood pressure by causing the blood vessels to become constricted but is carried by the bloodstream to the anterior pituitary Where it triggers the release of still more adrenocorticotropic hormone thus prolonging the response to stressMorris ampMaisto 2005 p 7778 Many psychological disorders are directly related to chemical and hormonal imbalances Heredity and hormones together help to create personalities unique to each person The predisposition to mental illness does not always dictate Whether the person Will get the disease HaVing a blood relative With the disease just increases the chances that the same disease Will be apparent Within the same family It is hard to decide What a person needs most times it can be biological environment or hereditary but most times it is a combination of these that is needed to help someone to find the road to healing References Psychology2010 In Black s Medical Dictionary 42nd EditionRetrieved October 9 2010 from httpWWWcredoreferencecomentryblackmedpsychologyEbscohost John R Van Eenwyk 2001 Jungian Perspectives on the Etiology and Treatment of Torture Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy 313 181 Retrieved October 9 2010 from ProQuest Psychology Journals Document ID 386244291 Adlerian theorv2005 In Collins Dictionary of Medicine Retrieved October 9 2010 from httpWWWcredoreferencecomentrycollinsmedadleriantheory Neuropsychology of Motivation for Group Aggression and Mythology2008 In Encyclopedia of Violence Peace and Con ict Retrieved October 9 2010 from httpWWWcredoreferencecomentryestpeaceneuropsychologyofmotivationforgroupaggr essionandmythology Charles G Morris and Albert A Maisto 2005 Psychology An Introduction 12th ed PrenticeHallRetrieved October 9 2010 EBOOK COLLECTION Kowalski R ampWesten D 2009 Psychology 5th ed 2 Hoboken NJ WileyRetrieved October 9 2010 Troland Leonard T 1914 The journal of Abnormal Psychology Vol 86 FebMar 1914 Pp405428 Retrieved October 9 2010 Dreikurs R 1987 Are Psychological Schools of Thought OutdatedIndividual Psychology The Journal of Adlerian Theory Research amp Practice 433 265 Retrieved October 9 2010 from Academic Search Complete database
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'