PHI208 WEEK 2 QUIZ
PHI208 WEEK 2 QUIZ
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by tophomework Notetaker on Saturday November 14, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 38 views.
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Date Created: 11/14/15
Question Student Answer Instructor Explanation Points Received Comments Question 2Question Student Answer Instructor Explanation Points Received Comments Question 3Question What does Singer say about other philosophers attempts to argue that only humans have moral worth That they give a good way to determine who has rights in a way X that includes all humans and no animals That they all say that animals should have rights too X That they come up with unjustified methods to include all I X humans while excluding all animals from moral consideration That animals do not have rights because they are not as smart as X humans are The answer can be found on p 7 of Peter Singer s All Animals are Equal lofl What moral theory does Jeremy Bentham with whom Singer seems to agree endorse Moral relativism X Anarchism a Utilitarianism X Social Contract Theory X The answer can be found on p 3 of Peter Singer s All Animals are Equal lofl Which of the following statements is the strongest evidence that the person saying it is a utilitarian Student Answer Instructor Explanation Points Received Comments Question 4Question Student Answer Instructor Explanation Points Received Comments Ginny Violations of rights are very serious from the moral X point of view Helen I agree It is always immoral to violate someone39s X rights Ginny Well I wouldn t say always It s ok to violate rights X whenever the good you can produce by doing so outweighs the harm you do by violating the person s rights Kate I disagree with both of you The notion of rights is just a X mechanism for the lesser members of society to maintain control over those capable of greatness The answer can be found in section 21 of Understanding Philosophy and in Mill s Utilitarianism lofl What does Tom Regan say is the source of inherent value in an individual Individuals have equal inherent value by virtue of being X experiencing subjects of a life ie conscious beings whose lives matter to them We have equal inherent value if we are able to experience pain 339quot X and pleasure suffering and misery We do not all have inherent value only those that live and abide X by moral principles have inherent worth Different societies have different views about what is right and X wrong so the inherent value of individuals is relative The answer can be found on p 6 of Tom Regan s The Case for Animal Rights Oofl Question 5Question Student Answer Instructor Explanation Points Received Comments Question 6Question Student Answer Instructor Explanation Points Received Comments Which of the following does not describe the ways that chickens and turkeys are treated on factory farms according to the video Meet Your Meat They are raised in their own excrement among corpses of other X birds Some are so crippled from unnatural growth that they are xx unable to move They are given ample space to roam and to express their own I X natural behavior They are often beaten with metal rods which is considered legal X by the industry The answer can be found at 043 in the video Meet Your Meat Oofl The philosopher John Stuart Mill recognized the following as a potential problem for utilitarianism It holds people to standards that are too high X It may lead to increased liberty and justice It may result in a tyranny of the majority X It may lead people to think independently of religious X authority The answer can be found in section 21 of Understanding Philosophy not graded Question 7Question Student Answer Instructor Explanation Points Received Comments Question 8Question Student Answer Instructor Explanation Points Received Comments What according to Tom Regan is the contractarian approach to ethics The view that individuals have rights because of a set of rules I X that they agree to follow as with agreeing to the terms of a contract The view that all animals have rights because of the agreements 339quot X that we have made or should make with them The view that what is morally relevant is the pain and suffering X that an animal endures when we mistreat it The view that all humans have equal rights independent of X particular abilities The answer can be found on p 2 of Tom Regan s The Case for Animal Rights Oofl According to Tom Regan which of the following should compel us to accept the equal rights of animals Sentiment our feelings for the welfare of animals X Law legal regulations requiring us to respect the rights of 339quot X animals a Reason this theory has the best reasons on its side X Religion the laws of God mandate human compassion X The answer can be found on p 4 and 8 of Tom Regan s The Case for Animal Rights Oofl Question 9Question Student Answer Instructor Explanation Points Received Comments Question 10 Question Student Answer Instructor Explanation Points Received What is the point of Regan s discussion about Aunt Bea and utilitarianism s respect for human life Utilitarianism feels that human life is paramount and not to be X sacrificed under any circumstance Utilitarianism would say that God s law that thou shalt not X kill will have very few exceptions Utilitarianism says that human life has not much value at all a X person can be killed for relatively minor reasons like stealing their money Because utilitarianism is aggregative one individual s right to I X life can be overridden in order to save many other people s lives The answer can be found on p 5 of Tom Regan s The Case for Animal Rights not graded What is Peter Singer s point about performing vivisection on mentally disabled human infants That if we say that it would be wrong to perform experiments X on such humans but not on nonhumans then we are showing bias based upon species alone That a good speciesist would not perform experiments on any X being That we should test upon mentally disabled human infants 339quot X because the results would be more reliable than tests on animals That anyone who would consider testing on a human infant is a X monster The answer can be found on p 6 of Peter Singer s All Animals are Equal Oofl Comments Question llQuestion Student Answer Instructor Explanation Points Received Comments Question 12 Question Student Answer Instructor Explanation Points Received Which of the following does Tom Regan say about the utilitarian approach to animal ethics It is inadequate because it does not give value to individuals but If X only to their feelings It is perfect because it does not allow for discrimination based X upon morally irrelevant attributes like race or species It is wrong because it treats human suffering as more important 3quotquot X than animal suffering It ignores everything that does not have enough utility and X therefore does not take into account important things that it does not consider useful The answer can be found on p 45 of Tom Regan s The Case for Animal Rights Oofl According to Tom Regan what is fundamentally wrong with our current system It mistreats animals in captivity X It does not adequately reduce the number of experiments to only 339quot X what is medically necessary a It treats animals as resources as though they exist for us X That it doesn t utilize animals enough for beneficial purposes X The answer can be found on p l of Tom Regan s The Case for Animal Rights Oofl Comments Question 13 Question Student Answer Instructor Explanation Points Received Comments Question 14 Question Student Answer Instructor Explanation Points Received Comments What does Peter Singer say about the history of liberation movements They tend to become narrower in scope zeroing in on the 339quot X exact class that deserves moral consideration They tend to become wider in scope with people learning to I X apply moral principles to groups previously not considered They tend to become more discriminatory giving fewer and X fewer rights to the less privileged They tend to discover that the original concepts in the past were X superior and it is a mistake to veer from traditional wisdom The answer can be found on p l of Peter Singer s All Animals are Equal Oofl Which of the following makes it difficult to calculate the utility of an act the time frame of the consequences disagreements about the meaning of pleasure or happiness 1 determining what constitutes the greatest good X X X a all of the above X The answer can be found in section 21 of Understanding Philosophy Oofl Question 15Question According to John Stuart Mill utilitarianism takes into account the happiness of Student Answer only the agent X I only the agent and those the agent cares about X everyone but weights the happiness of the agent more heavily X everyone and weights everyone s happiness equally X Instructor The answer can be found in John Stuart Mill s Utilitarianism p 12 Explanation Points Received 0 of 1 Comments Question 16Question When faced with the complaint that utilitarianism is a doctrine worthy of pigs Mill responds that pleasures differ in Student at purity Answer X a quality X species X weight X Instructor The answer can be found in John Stuart Mill s Utilitarianism pp 56 Explanation Points Received 0 of 1 Comments Question 17Question What is Tom Regan s main criticism of the contractarian approach to ethical duties Student Answer It works fine for humans without problems but it has not yet X been applied to animals Instructor Explanation Points Received Comments Question 18 Question Student Answer Instructor Explanation Points Received Comments Question 19 Question Student Answer It ignores the importance of pain and suffering when it comes to X ethics If X It would allow all kinds of human injustice if a stronger group is able to oppress the members of a weaker group of people He does not criticize it he things that contractarianism if X properly understood represents the most rational approach to ethical problems The answer can be found on p 23 of Tom Regan s The Case for Animal Rights not graded Tom Regan s view of animals is that X quotIf X They are important but not quite as important as human beings They have rights which means that they should never be used for human purposes X They may be ethically used because they were bred and raised for that purpose X That they may be eaten because do not have souls like we do and are lower on the food chain The answer can be found on p l of Tom Regan s The Case for Animal Rights lofl How do we determine the difference between higher and lower pleasures according to Mill X The relative duration and intensity Instructor Explanation Points Received Comments Question 20Question Student Answer Instructor Explanation Points Received Comments The preference of those who are acquainted with both The amount of happiness they produce on average We can t since there is no difference between pleasures a X I X X The answer can be found in John Stuart Mill s Utilitarianism pp 56 Oofl Which of the following does not happen to pigs on today s factory farms in the Meet Your Meat video They are raised in extreme confinement so dense that they can t X turn around They are castrated and have tails chopped without pain killers X They are slaughtered quickly and painlessly X Many are quite conscious while being slaughtered X The answer can be found at 8001200 in the video Meet Your Meat not graded
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